The red variety comes from Greece, Synonyms are Balsamina Nera, Deykaditiko, Lefkada, Lefkaditiko, Lefkas (Cyprus), Marzavi and Vartzami. There is a presumption that there is a common ancestor with the Italian variety Marzemino gives. Allegedly, Vertzami should be during the Venetian Reign in the 14th century Italy been introduced. But missing genetic and historical evidence. There is also a white, scarcely cultivated variety called Vertzami Lefko (Asprovertzamo, Vertzami Aspro). It is not known if it is a color mutation or genetic linkage.
The medium to late-ripening, high-yielding vine is generally resistant to vine diseases, but prone to falseness mildew, It produces dark-colored, tannin, alcohol and acid-rich red wines with aromas of laurel, cinnamon and dark forest fruits. These are also called color-enhancing teinturier (Dye grape) used. The variety is mainly on the Ionian island Lefkada (Lefkas) grown. There are more stocks Crete. Peloponnese and Central Greece, Often there is a blend with Cabernet Franc, The Greek acreage in 2010 was 239 hectares. On Cyprus she took 96 hectares under the name of Lefkada.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012