The red grape variety comes from Greece, Synonyms are Balsamina Nera, Deykaditiko, Lefkada, Lefkaditiko, Lefkas (Cyprus), Marzavi and Vartzami. There is a presumption that there is a common ancestor with the Italian variety Marzemino gives. Vertzami is said to be during the Venetian Rule in the 14th century Italy have been introduced. However, there is no genetic or historical evidence for this. There is also a white, barely cultivated variety called Vertzami Lefko (Asprovertzamo, Vertzami Aspro). It is not known whether it is a color mutation acts, or whether there is a genetic connection.
The medium to late ripening, productive vine is generally resistant to vine diseases, but prone to the wrong mildew, It produces dark-colored, tannin, alcohol and acid-rich red wines with aromas of laurel, cinnamon and dark forest fruits. These are also called color enhancing teinturier (Dye grape) used. The variety is mainly on the Ionian island Lefkada (Lefkada) grown. There are other stocks Crete. Peloponnese and Central Greece, Often there is a waste with Cabernet Franc, The Greek acreage in 2010 was 239 hectares. On Cyprus she occupied 96 hectares under the name Lefkada.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012