The white grape variety (also Vidal, Vidal 256) is an interspecific new breed between St. Émilion ( Trebbiano Toscano ) x Seibel 4986 ( Rayon d'Or ). They are genes from Vitis lincecumii. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid took place in the 1930s France by Jean-Louis Vidal (1880-1976), who developed it specifically for the production of cognac created. It was a partner of the new varieties Felicia and Villaris, The medium-ripening vine is resistant to frost and wrong mildew but susceptible to powdery mildew, Botrytis and anthracnose, It produces acidic, fruity white wines with aromas of grapefruit and currants that are suitable for sparkling wines. Sweet wines and also for them distillation suitable.
The variety is hardly (more) grown in France, but has been very successful overseas. In Canada was created in the 1940s by the oenologist Adhémar de Chaunac (* 1896) introduced. It is mainly used in the province of Ontario, as well as British Columbia, Nova Scotia and Quebec Eiswein uses and occupies a total of 1,284 hectares. In the United States it will in the States Illinois. Indiana. Michigan. Missouri. new York and Virginia grown on a total of 360 hectares. A small inventory also exists in Sweden, In 2010, a total of 1,644 hectares of vineyards were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)