A winegrower association or field mark in the Lower Austrian wine-growing region Wachau for origin-typical dry quality white wines. You could say it as well DAC designate this wine region. It was founded in 1983 by the four Wachau viticulture pioneers Franz Hirtzberger sen. (1922-2007), Joseph Jamek, Franz Prague and Willi Schwengler as director of the then Winzergenossenschaft Wachau (today Domain Wachau ). Among other things, they wanted to create a territory-protected brand that was directed against the then widespread practice of buying wines from other Lower Austrian wine-growing regions and marketing them as Wachau wines. The name of the Austrian nobleman Leuthold I von Kuenring (1243-1313), who was at his castle Dürnstein resided, the centerpiece of his possessions, which corresponded to today's Wachau. His portrait is on the label, but instead of a sword he wears a wine cup in his right hand. Chairman was 24 years Franz Hirtzberger junior, his successor is since 2012 Emmerich Knoll,
The members declare binding to serve the Wachau wine culture and to exclusively produce wines from the Wachau. Any purchase of wine and grapes from other wine-growing areas are prohibited to the member wine-growing companies with other exclusion from the association. Currently, the Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus counts to the two hundred members and controls over 85% of the vineyards in the Wachau. For the production of wine, it is possible to use the white quality grape varieties native to the Wachau. These are especially Riesling. Green Valtellina. Neuburger and the Burtgundersorten Chardonnay, Pinot Gris ( Pinot Gris ) and Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ). The three quality categories are only allowed for member companies. They carry the designations Steinfeder (Introduced in 1984), as well as Federspiel and emerald (several years later). For all three, it is dry (max 9 g / l residual sugar ), must be unaufgebesserte quality wines from the Wachau.
The approximately 200 companies, provided that they produce qualities in the categories "Steinfeder", "Federspiel" or "Emerald", submit themselves since May 2006 to the "Codex Wachau". The main six pillars are:
Origin principle : The wine comes exclusively from the Wachau region, is produced in the categories stone feather, Federspiel and emerald and must be bottled in the growing area.
No Enrichment : On Anything enrich Chaptalization is omitted. The maturity potential given by nature and vintage and the resulting natural sugar content of the grapes are solely and exclusively determinative of the quality in the glass. This results in the categorization of the Wachau wines.
No concentration : it will invariably affect any concentration waived. The natural composition of grapes, grape and wine must not be altered by technical processes (vacuum distillation, reverse osmosis, cryoextraction, etc.).
No fractionation : there is no guarantee of fractionation ( Spinning Cone Column Centrifugal column). The breakdown of wine into its components and the arbitrary reassembly was allowed by the EU for wines from America in the EU market. The Wachau winemakers consider this technique to be a betrayal of nature and of course will not make use of it.
Nature and nothing else : The Vinea winemakers renounce in the categories stone feather, Federspiel and emerald on many possibilities of modern wine, that is, manipulation against nature.