A winegrowers association or field mark in the Lower Austrian wine region Wachau for typical dry quality white wines of origin. It was founded in 1983 by the four wine growing pioneers Franz Hirtzberger sen. (1922-2007), Josef Jamek, Franz Prague and Willi Schwengler as director of the Wachau wine cooperative (today Wachau domain ) founded. Among other things, they wanted to create a protected trademark that was directed against the then widespread custom of purchasing wine from other wine-growing regions in Lower Austria and marketing it as Wachau wine. The Austrian nobleman named Leuthold I von Kuenring (1243-1313) with his name, who was at his castle Dürnstein resided, the centerpiece of his possessions, which corresponded to today's Wachau. His portrait is on the label, but instead of a sword he wears a wine cup on his right. The association was chaired by Franz Hirtzberger jun. For 24 years. His successor has been Emmerich since 2012 Knoll,
The members make a binding declaration that they serve the Wachau wine culture and only sell wines from the Wachau. Any purchase of wine and grapes from other wine-growing regions is prohibited for member wine-growing companies, unless otherwise excluded from the association. The Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus currently has around two hundred members and controls over 85% of the vineyards in the Wachau. The white quality grape varieties native to the Wachau can be used for wine production. Above all, these are Riesling. Green Valtellina. Neuburger and the Burtgunders Chardonnay, Pinot Gris ( Pinot gris ) and Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ). The three quality categories are only permitted for member companies. They have the names Steinfeder (Introduced in 1984) and Federspiel and emerald (a few years later). For all three it applies that it is dry (max. 9 g / l residual sugar ), unrefined quality wines from the Wachau must be.
The roughly 200 companies, provided they produce qualities in the "Steinfeder", "Federspiel" or "Smaragd" categories, have been subject to the "Codex Wachau" since May 2006. The six main pillars are:
Principle of origin : The wine comes exclusively from the Wachau wine-growing region, is produced in the categories Steininfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd and must be bottled in the wine-growing region.
No enrichment : on anything enrich (Chaptalization) is dispensed with. The ripening potential determined by nature and vintage and the resulting natural sugar content of the grapes are solely and exclusively decisive for the quality in the glass. This results in the categorization of the Wachau wines.
No concentration : it is without exception on everyone concentration waived. The natural composition of grapes, grape and wine must not be changed by technical processes (vacuum distillation, reverse osmosis, cryo extraction, etc.).
No fractionation : no fractionation is guaranteed ( Spinning cone column, Centrifugal cone column). The disassembly of the wine into its individual components and the arbitrary reassembly was permitted by the EU for wines from America on the EU market. The Wachau winegrowers consider this technique to be a betrayal of nature and will of course not use it.
Nature and nothing else : In the categories Steininfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd, the Vinea winegrowers do without many possibilities of the modern wine industry, that means manipulations against nature.
Logos: Vinea Wachau