For with vines There are planted areas in the wine-producing countries many different names. In German-speaking countries vineyard, vineyard, Wengert, Wingert (especially in Germany) or vineyard (especially in Austria) are common. This can be a relatively small area (owned by a single owner), but just as well a very large area that many owners share. It also does not have to be coherent in any case vines planted area act. In a fragmentation is called Streuweinberg. In the vineyard, despite the name "mountain" does not necessarily have one hillside with more or less strong Tilt But often it is often used romantically for even surfaces. The picture shows the Riede Zieregg from the winery Manfred Tement in Southern Styria (Austria):
Geographically defined and possibly origin protected Areas can, but need not coincide with vineyard or vineyard boundaries. This means that a vineyard or vineyard with a Single Location (Germany) or Riede (Austria), but may consist of several such territorial units. The names often refer to the very specific local condition and can also mean a quality categorization. A decisive influence on the quality of the vineyard and / or the wine pressed from there have the soil type, the climate (Microclimate) and the vine, Often it becomes the term terroir used for specific circumstances with distinctive characteristics.
In the narrower sense, vineyards are generally understood to mean the area actually used for the cultivation of vines. Actually, however, a distinction is made between the yield surface (harvested from the grapes), stocked vineyard area (area with young vines still without yield) and total vineyard area (including the fallow, these are not areas planted with vines). In Europe is the area measure hectare the standard dimension, in England and the New world is too acre common. The different names are:
In many wine-growing countries, there are classification systems for vineyards (vineyards, vineyards, areas), which are often directly related to the qualification of the wines produced there (see in this regard ancestry ). In Germany that was done in the 19th century Prussian layer classification the basis for today's single-layer classification and the VDP classification, In Austria, the association strives in this regard Traditionsweingüter Austria, In the Austrian Wine Law Amendment 2016, the narrower origin with naming the Riede (Location) on label regulated by wine law.
A complete list of all classification systems for areas / wines is available at Grand Cru, The valid wine quality classes within the EU are under quality system described. All work and measures during the growth cycle in the vineyard one finds under Weingarten Care, Complete listings of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of wine regulated, sparkling wine and distillate types are under winemaking contain. Comprehensive wine law information is available at wine law,
Graphics: The Winzer 1 - Weinbau, Ulmer Verlag 2019, 4th edition