The red grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Sousao, Souzao ( California ); Espadeiro Basto, Espadeiro da Tinta, Espadeiro Preto, Negrão, Pinhão, Sousão, Sousão de Comer, Sousão de Correr, Sousão Vermelho, Sousão Forte, Souzão, Tinta Nacional, Tinto Antigo, Tinto de Parada, Tinto Nacional ( Portugal ); Loureira Tinta, Sousón, Tinta País, Tintilla ( Spain ). The parentage is unknown, but some DNA analysis brought important insights. Sousão and Vinhão are identical, as has been assumed for a long time. With the often confused variety Amaral there is one Parent-offspring relationship, And in 2013 it was found that from a presumably natural crossing To lift x Vinhão the variety padeiro arose. Under the name Sousão, she was a crossing partner of the new breed Argaman, The image of the grape variety comes from Victor's work “Ampélographie - Traité général de viticulture” published in 1910 Vermorel and Pierre Viala,
The medium-late ripening vine is generally resistant to various pests and diseases. It produces extremely dark-colored, full-bodied red wines with aromas of cherries. In Portugal the variety is mainly in the field Vinho Verde, as well as in the port wine area Douro grown. Here she occupied a total of 2,482 hectares of vineyards in 2010. In Spain planted 610 hectares with it under the name Sousón. Here it is in the fields Rias Baixas. Ribeiro and valdeorras authorized. In California (25 ha), Australia and South Africa (47 ha) is mainly used for wines in the Port wine style used. In 2010 a total of 3,160 hectares of vineyards were reported, worldwide varieties ranking this means the rank 140.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012