The red variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country Sousao, Souzao ( California ); Espadeiro Basto, Espadeiro da Tinta, Espadeiro Preto, Negrão, Pinhão, Sousao, Sousao de Comer, Sousao de Correr, Sousao Vermelho, Sousao Forte, Souzao, Tinta Nacional, Tinto Antigo, Tinto de Parada, Tinto Nacional ( Portugal ); Loureira Tinta, Sousón, Tinta País, Tintilla ( Spain ). The parentage is unknown, but some DNA analysis brought important insights. Sousão and Vinhão are as already suspected identical. With the often confused variety Amaral exists one Parent-offspring relationship, And in 2013 it was discovered that from a presumably natural crossing To lift x Vinhão the variety padeiro originated. Under the name Sousão she was crossbred partner of the new breed Argaman, The grape variety image comes from the 1910 published work "Ampélographie - Traité général de viticulture" by Victor Vermorel and Pierre Viala,
The medium maturing vine is generally resistant to various pests and diseases. It produces extremely dark colored, full-bodied red wines with aromas of cherries. In Portugal The variety is mainly in the area Vinho Verde, as well as in the port area Douro grown. Here she took in 2010 a total of 2,482 hectares of vineyards. In Spain planted with 610 hectares under the name Sousón. Here it is in the fields Rías Baixas. Ribeiro and valdeorras authorized. In California (25 ha), Australia and South Africa (47 ha) it is mainly used for wines in the Port wine style used. In 2010, a total of 3,160 hectares of vineyards were reported, in the world varieties ranking this means rank 140.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012