DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region Tuscany, The 1,200-hectare vineyard area in the town of Montepulciano (Siena province) covers the slopes of 250 to 600 meters above sea level. The city is located 120 kilometers southeast of Florence in the upper Chiana Valley, is one of the most beautiful in Tuscany and is referred to as the "Pearl of the Renaissance". Once a year in August, the wine barrel race "Bravio delle Botti" takes place, during which representatives of the eight "hostile" districts roll five double-barreled wine barrels through the steep, narrow streets. Montepulciano was home to two popes and Paul III. (1468-1549) preferred the wine of his hometown to all others. His cellar master praised him in 1549 as a "perfect wine".
The origin of the wine goes back to the year 1300, it was already famous in the Middle Ages throughout Europe. The Italian poet Francesco Redi (1626-1698) titled him in his poem " Bacchus in Tuscany "as the" King of Wines "to get the wine for the royal court in London. Many other poets have sung about him, today also known as the "doyen of all Tuscan wines". The best wine has always been traditionally reserved for the Pope and the Curia in the Vatican. That is why the addition or adorning nickname "Vino Nobile", which was only used from the 18th century onwards, is the wine of the noblemen - that is, the nobility. With the Brunello di Montalcino He is one of the two wines to be the first to receive the DOCG classification in 1980. From the year 2019 the name was changed to label supplemented with "Toscana". This should be confused with the DOCG wine Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane from the region Abruzzo be excluded. The red wine is undisputedly one of the most well-known and most expensive wines Italy.
The best areas on loamy and sandy soils are Argiano, Caggiole, Canneto, Casalte and Valiano. The wine is from the Sangiovese clonePrugnolo gentile (about 70%), as well as other approved varieties (maximum 30%, of which a maximum of 10% white varieties) are pressed and has an aroma of violets. The wine matures for at least two years in oak or chestnut barrels, must be at least 12.5% vol. alcohol content and can be stored for many years (decades). He may only in the growing area in Bordeaux bottles bottled to come in the trade. With three years of storage (including six months in the bottle) and 13% vol alcohol content he may designate Riserva to lead. Red wines with simpler determinations are called DOC Rosso di Montepulciano classified.
Special vintages were or are 1985, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997 and 1998. Among the most famous producers include among others Antinori. Avignonesi, Bindella, Boscarelli, Canneto, Capoverso di Adriana Avignonesi, Carpineto, Contucci, Dei, Fassati, Fattoria Del Cerro, Fattoria della Talosa, Fattoria di Palazzo Vecchio Il Macchione, La Braccesca, La Calonica, Le Berne, Le Casalte, Lodola Nuova, Maria Caterina Dei, Massimo Romeo, Nottola, Poliziano, Redi, Ruffino, Salcheto, Trerose, Valdipiatta and Villa Sant'Anna.