DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region Tuscany, The zone with 1,200 hectares of vineyards in the city of Montepulciano (Province of Siena) covers the slopes from 250 to 600 meters above sea level. The city is located 120 kilometers southeast of Florence in the upper Chiana valley, is one of the most beautiful in Tuscany and is known as the "pearl of the Renaissance". Once a year in August, the “Bravio delle Botti” wine barrel race takes place here, in which representatives of the eight “hostile” districts roll five quintals of heavy wine barrels through the steep, narrow streets. Montepulciano was home to two popes and Paul III. (1468-1549) preferred the wine of his hometown to everyone else. His cellar master praised him in 1549 as "perfect wine".
The origin of the wine goes back to the year 1300, it was famous throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. The Italian poet Francesco Redi (1626-1698) titled him in his poem " Bacchus in Tuscany ”as the“ King of Wine ”to get the wine for the Royal Court in London. Many other poets have sung it, which is also known today as the “doyen of all Tuscan wines”. The best wine has traditionally always been reserved for the Pope and the Vatican Curia. Hence the addition or decorative epithet "Vino Nobile", which was only used from the 18th century, the wine for the nobility - that is, the nobility. With the Brunello di Montalcino it is one of the two wines that were the first to receive the DOCG classification in 1980. From the 2019 vintage, the designation was changed to label supplemented with "Toscana". This is to avoid confusion with DOCG wine Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane from the region Abruzzo be excluded. The red wine is undisputedly one of the best known and most expensive wines Italy.
The best areas on clay and sandy soils are Argiano, Caggiole, Canneto, Casalte and Valiano. The wine is made from the Sangiovese clonePrugnolo Gentile (70%), as well as other approved varieties (max. 30%, of which max. 10% are white varieties) and has a violet aroma. The wine is aged for at least two years in oak or chestnut barrels, at least 12.5% vol. alcohol content and can be stored for many years (decades). It may only be grown in Bordeaux bottles bottled come into the trade. With three years of storage (including six months in the bottle) and 13% vol alcohol, he is allowed to use the label Riserva to lead. Red wines with simpler determinations are than DOC Rosso di Montepulciano classified.
Special vintages were or are 1985, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997 and 1998. The best-known producers include, among others Antinori. Avignonesi Bindella Boscarelli, Canneto, Capoverso di Adriana Avignonesi, Carpineto, Contucci, Dei, Fassati, Fattoria Del Cerro, Fattoria della Talosa, Fattoria di Palazzo Vecchio, Il Macchione, La Braccesca, La Calonica, Le Berne, Le Casalte, Lodola Nuova, Maria Caterina Dei, Massimo Romeo, Nottola, Poliziano Redi Ruffino, Salcheto, Trerose, Valdipiatta and Villa Sant'Anna.