On the greek island Santorini exclusively used name for one OPAP classified sweet wine from dried grapes. The name originated under the Venetian rule and means "wine from Santorini". A Vinsanto has a certain resemblance to one Vin Santo from the Italian Tuscany, but is especially by the acid a distinctive product. Probably the Vinsanto was the model for the called "Holy Wine" Vin Santo (the Italians claim the other way around). Previously, the Vinsanto was the altar wine the Russian Orthodox Church and a major export article.
Approved are the three white wine varieties Assyrtiko (at least 75%) as well Aïdani Aspro and Athiri Aspro (together a maximum of 25%), which also applies to the dry OPAP version. As a rule, many winemakers only use the two varieties Assyrtiko and Aïdani Aspro. The sweet wine is in the three variants Vin doux, Vin doux naturel and as Vin naturellement doux manufactured. The extremely low yields are after drying the grapes in the sun at 7 to 8 hl / ha; of the alcohol content is between 8 to 15% vol. Of the residual sugar is usually between 200 and 300, in some even over 400 g / l.
The overripe and partially dried on the vine grapes are read and then dried for up to two weeks in the sun. The most common Vinsanto version is Vin doux, which is already short after fermentation With Tsipouro (Pomace brandy) is bubbled to about 13% vol alcohol content. The wine then matures in oak barrels for at least two years. In the version Vin doux naturel is the Spriten much later, so that an alcohol content up to 15% vol and a Residual sugar content of over 250 g / l is achieved.
The highest quality Vin naturellement doux is obtained from extremely late harvested grapes of the best locations. In this case, no Spriten. The slow fermentation ends already at 8% vol and is possibly further forced by the addition of yeasts. These wines mature to ten years and more. This wine may also as Liastos (Straw wine). The intense orange-red wines have a distinct sweetness and refreshing acidity with aromas of honey, raisins, spices and limes. The designation "Vinsanto Mezzo" formerly used for a slightly less sweet version may now no longer be used after agreement by the winemakers of Santorini. The same applies to the red sweet wine "Mezzo", which made Mandilaria grapes was vinified according to the same procedure as Vinsanto and marketed as a simple table wine.
Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the various wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,