The white grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Galopine, Petit Viognier, Viogné, Viogner, Viognier Bijeli, Viognier Blanc, Viognier Jaune, Viognier Vert, Vionjer and Vionnier. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Altesse. Chouchillon (Faux Viognier) or Vugava be confused. According to in 2008 DNA analysis exist one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Mondeuse Blanche, as well as a close relationship with Freisa, The medium-ripening, not very productive vine is relatively resistant to Botrytis but prone to real ones mildew, It produces deep yellow, alcohol-rich, extract-rich white wines with diverse aromas of apricots, peaches, lemons and flowers (lily-of-the-valley, violets) and, with appropriate expansion, also aging potential.
According to a hypothesis, it is said to be under Kaiser Probus (232-282) came to France from Dalmatia, but historical and genetic evidence is missing. The variety was first introduced in 1781 Rhone mentioned. After Phylloxera disaster Many vineyards planted with it were abandoned towards the end of the 19th century. The severely decimated variety was only occupied in France in the 1960s with 14 hectares of vineyards. In recent decades, however, it has come back into fashion and in 2010 occupied 4,395 hectares. The variety is part of the so-called Rhône Recipe and there in the appellations Château-Grillet. Condrieu. Côte Rôtie. Cotes du Rhone and Lirac approved (but not e.g. Châteauneuf-du-Pape ). But it is also widespread in large parts in the south, especially in Languedoc but also in Roussillon,
In 2010 there was mostly smaller acreage in Europe Germany (Pfalz), Greece. Italy. Malta. Austria. Portugal (82 ha), Spain. Turkey (16 ha), Switzerland (31 ha) and Hungary, Other non-European countries with acreage in 2010 are Argentina (816 ha), Australia (1,402 ha), Chile (753 ha), Israel (50 ha), Canada (83 ha), New Zealand (163 ha), South Africa (892 ha), Thailand (1 ha), Uruguay (45 ha) and the United States with some states (1,374 hectares in total). In California there is even a winegrowers association called "The Viognier Guild". The variety occupied a total of 11,400 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 3,160 hectares at the time, this means three times the amount. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 62.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)