The Roman poet and epic poet Publius Vergilius Maro, also Virgil or Virgilius (70-19 BC) is considered the most important author of classical Roman antiquity and is a classic of Latin school reading. His most famous works Bucolica (Eclogae), Georgica and the unfinished Aeneid revolutionized Latin poetry. Vergil turned to poetry after extensive training in all areas of knowledge at the time and lived mostly in seclusion or in Naples Sicily, He was like Horace (65-8 BC) a favorite of Emperor Augustus (63 BC to 14 AD). In the multi-volume agricultural teaching poem "Georgica" the laborious, rural work and agriculture are described with impressive, brilliant language art. Again and again Virgil praises the blessing, the idyll and the harmony in nature. He creates the connection between high poetry and the imparting of specialist knowledge. Next Cicero and Horace he is one of the most important representatives of the "golden" Latinity, the name for the literary epoch of the period from about 60 BC. AD to 40 AD, in which Roman poetry and prose reached the highest perfection in terms of content, language and form.
The second of the four books mainly deals with the viniculture treated. In it he reports on the grafting and the suitable location of vines, the cultivation of vineyards, the care of the plants, the cultivation of the floors, the properties of selected varieties, as well as the pressing and the winemaking, He describes around 15 ancient grape varieties and mentions the then famous wines Caecubum. Falernum and Raeticum, He obviously had a preference for Sweet wines, because he recommends “ leaving the grapes on the vine until November until they are stiff from frost be " . He also remarked: "Be the first to dig the ground, but the last to harvest the grapes" . The Roman author Columella (1st century) commended his work. Parts of it are also in the famous agricultural collection Geoponika from the 10th century included. In the picture one side of the "Vergilius Romanus" is shown. This is the name for an illuminated manuscript from the 5th century with texts by Virgil, which is kept as Codex Vaticanus latinus 3867 in the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.