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Vitis aestivalis

One of about 30 American species or Wild vines with complete botanical name Vitis aestivalis Michx. The name literally means "summer-fruiting vine" because it only blooms in summer - that's why it is also called the summer vine. Synonyms or old names are Vitis lincecumii, Vitis rufotomentosa and Vitis smalliana. Trivial synonyms are Blue Grape, Pigeon Grape, Summer Grape, Vigne d'Été and Uva Trepadora. It was first introduced by the French botanist André Michaux (1746-1802) in 1802 and cataloged, which is for this reason immortalized in the botanical name.

The formerly run as a separate species Vitis lincecumii is very similar, their berries and the kernels are a little bit bigger. The US researcher UT Waterfall suggested in his work "Keys to the Flora of Oklahoma" that a distinction between the two species should be lifted. This has been accepted, there are now the three varieties Vitis aestivalis var. Aestivalis , Vitis aestivalis var. Bicolor Deam and Vitis aestivalis var. Lincecumii .

Vitis aestivalis - foliage wall with grapes

The vine is in eastern North America from Ontario (Canada) until after Vermont, as well as in the south in the states Oklahoma. Texas, Alabama, Louisiana and Florida common. It occurs in dry mountain forests, on rock overhangs, in gorges, swamp forests and climbs up to ten feet high. The Indian tribe of the Cherokee already used a variety of Vitis aestivalis in religious rituals. The berries are used for jelly production and as food for many animals. She is resistant to the phylloxera but sensitive to lime soils. The breeder Hermann Hunter (1844-1895) used them alongside Vitis lincecumii for his intersections. Vitis aestivalis genes are in varieties albania. Blanc Du Bois. Brianna. Cynthiana or. Norton. Delaware. Herbemont. Jacquez and Jewel contain. See also below American vines and Vines systematics,

Picture: By User: BotBln - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
edited by Norbert Tischelmayer June 2018

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