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Vitis aestivalis

One of the approximately 30 American species or Wild vines with full botanical name Vitis aestivalis Michx. The name means "summer fruiting vine" because it only blooms in summer - that's why it is also called summer vine. Synonyms or old names are Vitis lincecumii, Vitis rufotomentosa and Vitis smalliana. Trivial synonyms are Blue Grape, Pigeon Grape, Summer Grape, Vigne d'Été and Uva Trepadora. It was first created by the French botanist André Michaux (1746-1802) described and cataloged in 1802, which is why it is immortalized in the botanical name.

The formerly run as a separate species Vitis lincecumii is very similar, the berries as well as the seeds are a little larger. In his work "Keys to the Flora of Oklahoma", the US researcher UT Waterfall suggested that a distinction between the two species should be abolished. The three varieties Vitis aestivalis var. Aestivalis , Vitis aestivalis var. Bicolor Deam and Vitis aestivalis var. Lincecumii are now available.

Vitis aestivalis - leaf wall with grapes

The vine is from Eastern North America Ontario (Canada) to after Vermont, as well as in the south in the states Oklahoma. Texas Alabama Louisiana and Florida common. It occurs in dry mountain forests, on rock overhangs, in gorges, swamp forests and climbs up to ten meters. The Cherokee Indian tribe already used a variety of Vitis aestivalis as part of religious rituals. The berries are used for the production of jelly and for many animals as food. It is resistant to that phylloxera but sensitive to limestone soils. The breeder Hermann Hunter (1844-1895) used them alongside Vitis lincecumii for his crossings. Vitis aestivalis genes are in the varieties albania. Blanc Du Bois. Brianna. Cynthiana respectively. Norton. Delaware. Herbemont. Jacquez and Jewel contain. See also under American vines and Vines systematics,

Image: By User: BotBln - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
edited by Norbert Tischelmayer June 2018

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