One of the approximately 30 American species or Wild vines with full botanical name Vitis cinerea Engelm. ex Millardet . There is a similarity to the species Vitis aestivalis and in the 19th century both were still identified or the Cinerea was regarded as an Aestivalis variety. First the German botanist Georg Engelmann (1809-1884) classified Vitis cinerea as an independent species in 1880. That is why both Georg Engelmann and the French phylloxera pioneer Alexis Millardet (1838-1902) cited in the botanical name. Today the species is divided into the following five (sometimes six) varieties:
Trivial synonyms are Ashy Grape, Ashy-leaved Grape, Downy Grape, Graybark Grape Sweet Winter Grape, Parra Silvestre, Vigne à Feuille de Clématite, Winter Grape and Wichita. The color-related names refer to the typical pale gray color of the young leaves and shoots, so a German name is gray bark vine. The vine occurs in the southeastern United States and grows wild in floodplain forests, on river banks and on fences.
It is the only one of the American species to have a perfect one resistance against the phylloxera because neither will Nodositäten yet tuberosities educated. This was done by the German oenologist Carl Börner (1880-1953) recognized as early as 1935. He discovered the wild vine "Vitis cinerea Arnold" and crossed it with Vitis riparia, Out seedlings selected Helmut Becker (1927-1990) the first completely phylloxera-resistant document "Börner". The species also has excellent resistance to nematodes,
Well-known varieties with Vitis cinerea genes are among others albania. Bellandais. Bush. Cascade. chelois. Colobel. Cunningham. Delisle. Danube Riesling. Favorite. FR 589-54. Frontenac. Gloire de Seibel. Herbemont. Johanniter (grown in Germany), L'Acadie Blanc. Landal Noir. Landot Noir. Naumburg 5016-37. Oeillade de Conzieu. Rubilande. Seyve-Villard 18-402. Solara. Soleil Blanc. Ventura. Vincent and vivarais, See also further information under the keywords American vines and Vines systematics,