One of the five varieties of the American species Vitis cinerea (one of the 30 American species or Wild vines ). It used to be run as a separate species under the name Vitis berlandieri , which is still used in many sources. It was founded in 1880 by the French botanist and phlebotomist Jules Émile Planchon (1823-1888) rewritten. He named them after the Swiss biologist Jean Louis Berlandier (1805-1851), who first described and cataloged this vine in 1834 in Bexar County, Texas. Trivial synonyms include Grape, Grape, Spanish Grape, Sweet Grape, Uva Cimaronna; Vitis Aestivalis Gray, Vitis Aestivalis Wright and Winter Grape. Botanical synonyms or old names are Vitis aestivalis var. Monticola Engelmann, Vitis montana Buckl., Vitis monticola Durand and Vitis monticola Mill.
The vine comes in the US states Texas and New Mexico, as well as in the north Mexico in front. It thrives mainly on river banks and on hot, dry and calcareous hills, where she also likes to grow up trees. She has a good one resistance against the phylloxera, against the real and the wrong mildew, as well as against drought or drought, She is sensitive to wintry frost, It also has high tolerance to lime and salt soils; That is why it is also called Kalkrebe . Since it is badly rooted, it is the only one document not suitable, but is therefor as a crossing partner with Vitis riparia used. To the knowledge have the attempts of the US-Botaniker Thomas Volney Munson (1843-1913) contributed decisively. The famous underlay vine Kober 5 BB comes from a cross between these two species, another known is SO 4 (Selection Oppenheim de Teleki No. 4). See also below American vines and Vines systematics,