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Vitis cinerea var. Helleri

One of the five varieties of the American species Vitis cinerea (one of the 30 American species or Wild vines ). It used to be known as a separate species under the name Vitis berlandieri , which is still used in many sources. It was developed in 1880 by the French botanist and phylloxera explorer Jules Émile Planchon (1823-1888) newly described. He named it after the Swiss biologist Jean Louis Berlandier (1805-1851), who first described and cataloged this vine in Bexar County, Texas, in 1834. Trivial synonyms are Fall Grape, Mountain Grape, Spanish Grape, Sweet Grape, Uva Cimaronna; Vitis Aestivalis Gray, Vitis Aestivalis Wright and Winter Grape. Botanical synonyms or old names are Vitis aestivalis var. Monticola Engelmann, Vitis montana Buckl., Vitis monticola Durand and Vitis monticola Mill.

The vine comes in the US states Texas and New Mexico, as well as in the north Mexico in front. It thrives mainly on river banks and on hot, dry and calcareous hills, where it also likes to grow up on trees. She has a good one resistance against the phylloxera, against real and false mildew, as well as against drought or drought, It is sensitive to winter frost, It also has a high tolerance to limestone and salt soils; that is why it is also called lime vine . But since it has bad roots, it is the only one document not suitable, but is used as a crossing partner Vitis riparia used. The experiments of the US botanist Thomas Volney have to discover Munson (1843-1913) made a decisive contribution. The famous vine Kober 5 BB comes from a cross between these two species, another known one is SO 4 (Selection Oppenheim de Teleki No. 4). See also under American vines and Vines systematics,

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