One of the approximately 30 American species or Wild vines with full botanical name Vitis labrusca L.. It was already described in 1753 by the Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778) in his new nomenclature (the L. in the botanical name refers to him). However, he referred to the description of the Swiss botanist Caspar, which was made in 1623 as "Vitis sylvestris virginiana" Bauhin (1560-1624). It is the longest known American wild grape. Already at the beginning of the 17th century United States unsuccessfully tried by pioneers to produce edible wine. It forms together with the two species Vitis mustangensis and Vitis shuttleworthii the group Labruscae.
There have been several name changes over time, so confusingly many different botanical names appear in old sources. These are, for example, Vitis blandii Prince, Vitis Canina Raf., Vitis catawba Hort., Vitis ferruginga Raf., Vitis labrusca var. Subeden tata Fernald, Vitis labrusca var. Typica Regel, Vitis latifolia Raf., Vitis luteola Raf., Vitis sylvestris virginiana Bauh, Vitis taurina Walter, Vitis vinifera sylvestris americana Pluk, Vitis vinifera var.Labrusca Kuntze and Vitis vulpina Marshall. Trivial synonyms include Black Fox, Concord Grape, Fox Grape, Niagara Grape, Northern Fox Grape, Northern Muscadine, Parra Brava, Parron, Skunk Grape, Swamp Grape, Vid Silvestre, Vigne Lambruche and Vigne Cotonneuse.
The vine comes to everything in the eastern United States Mississippi and from the south Canada to Georgia deep in the southeast. A trunk diameter of 30 centimeters was mentioned in the first descriptions. It prefers sunny locations on sandy or moist clay soils. It is extremely sensitive to lime, which makes it problematic for European soils. The resistance against both mildews and frost is good, but it is somewhat susceptible to that phylloxera, Therefore it is not as a pure kind document For finishes suitable with European varieties. The berries or the wine have a distinctive strawberry aroma and Foxton (foxy note) on. That is why it is known as a fox vine (Foxgrape) or strawberry vine (Strawberry Vine).
Even new varieties, even with a low proportion of crosses, have this more or less pronounced taste. The cause is the black-red Anthocyanin derivative Malvidin-3,5-diglucoside, which occurs exclusively in Vitis labrusca. This enables a clear identification of varieties crossed with Vitis labrusca in the wine. Due to this aroma, which is somewhat strict and strange especially for the European taste (which is also very much appreciated in Japan), it is hardly suitable for commercial wine production. Grape varieties with Vitis labrusca genes are therefore mainly used in the USA mainly for the production of table grapes. sparkling wine. sweet wine. grape juice and jam used.
By far the best known is the Labrusca variety Concord, from which around three quarters of all American grape varieties in the eastern United States originate. Other varieties with Vitis labrusca genes include Agawam. Alden. Alexander. Allegro. Armlong. Aurora. Baco Blanc. Beauty of Minnesota. beta. Black Defiance. Black Eagle. Blanc Du Bois. Bluebell. bolero. Breidecker. Brianna. Brighton. brilliant. Caberinta. Cabernet Cantor. Campbell Early. Carter. Catawba. Clinton. Concord. Conquistador. Cornucopia. Cynthiana. Delago. Delaware. Diana. Dutchess. Elvira. Florental. Fredonia. Gill Wylie. GR 7. Hartford. Headlight. Hector. Helios. Herbert. Himrod. Iona. Isabella. Ives. Kiliansrebe. Kyoho. La Crosse. Lindley. Louise Swenson. Magnolia. marquis. Melody. Monroe. Missouri Riesling. Moore's Diamond. Muscat Bailey A. New York Muscat. Niabell. Niagara. Noah. Ontario. Orlando Seedless. Othello. Pontiac. President. principal. Ravat Blanc. Ravat noir. Reliance. Ripatella. Romulus. Salem. Schuyler. Seneca. Sevar. St. Pepin. Steuben. Sunbelt. Veeport. Winchell. Woodruff. Yates. York-Madeira and Zilga, Further information is available under the keywords American vines. hybrids and Vines systematics,