One of about 30 American species or Wild vines with the full botanical name Vitis mustangensis Buckl. It was first introduced in 1845 by the German botanist Georg Engelmann (1809-1884) and then described in 1861 by the US biologist Samuel Buckley under the present name. The species name Vitis mustangensis is derived from the American wild horse. A botanical synonym is Vitis candicans , which is often referred to in older sources. Together with the two species Vitis labrusca and Vitis shuttleworthii The group Labruscae is formed.
The vine is mainly in the US states of Alabama, Arkansas. Florida. Louisiana. Mississippi. Oklahoma and Texas home. Above all, it occurs at forest edges and fences in the swamps of the Mississippi Delta. The vine, which climbs over 13 meters, has dark blue, almost black berries with a gelatinous flesh, leaving a burning, bitter taste. Therefore, it is unsuitable for the winemaking. In ancient sources, pioneers report that the wine can only be added with the addition of three kilograms of sugar per gallon and Spriten was to enjoy with alcohol.
She has good resistance to wrong and real mildew, the phylloxera, and also dryness and high salinity soils. In addition, it is resistant to virus-transmitting nematodes (Roundworms). Disadvantages are the sensitivity to calcareous soils and frost, as well as a bad rooting (without this they would be ideal as document ). She was through crossing with other American wild grape varieties for the Unterzagszüchtung used, among other things by the French vines breeder Georges Couderc (1850-1928). See also below American vines and Vines systematics,