One of about 30 American species or Wild vines
with full botanical name Vitis mustangensis Buckl.
It was first introduced in 1845 by the German botanist Georg Engelmann
(1809-1884) and then described in 1861 by the US biologist Buckley under the present name. The species name Vitis mustangensis is derived from the American wild horse. A botanical synonym or old name is Vitis candicans
, which is often referred to in older sources. Together with the two species Vitis labrusca
and Vitis shuttleworthii
the group Labruscae is formed.
The vine is in the US states of Alabama, Arkansas
home. Above all, it occurs at forest edges and fences in the swamps of the Mississippi Delta. The vine, which climbs over 13 meters, has dark blue, almost black berries with a gelatinous flesh that leaves a burning, bitter taste. Therefore, it is unsuitable for the winemaking. In ancient sources, pioneers report that the wine can only be added with the addition of three kilograms of sugar per gallon and Spriten
was to enjoy with alcohol.
She has good resistance to wrong and real mildew
, the phylloxera
, and also dryness
and high salinity soils. In addition, it is resistant to virus-transmitting nematodes
(Roundworms). Disadvantages are the sensitivity to calcareous soils and frost
, as well as a bad rooting (without this they would be ideal as document
). She was through crossing
used with other American wild grape varieties for the Unterlagszüchtung, z. From the French Georges Couderc
(1850-1928). See also below American vines
and Vines systematics