One of the approximately 30 American species or Wild vines with the full botanical name Vitis mustangensis Buckl. It was first created in 1845 by the German botanist Georg Engelmann (1809-1884) and then described in 1861 by the US biologist Samuel Buckley under the current name. The species name Vitis mustangensis is derived from the American wild horse. A botanical synonym is Vitis candicans , which is often mentioned in older sources. Together with the two species Vitis labrusca and Vitis shuttleworthii the group Labruscae is formed.
The vine is mainly in the US state of Alabama, Arkansas. Florida. Louisiana. Mississippi. Oklahoma and Texas home. Above all, it occurs on forest edges and fences in the swamps of the Mississippi Delta. The vine, which climbs up to over 13 meters, has dark blue, almost black berries with a gelatinous pulp that leaves a burning, bitter taste. Therefore it is unsuitable for wine production. In old sources, pioneers reported that the wine was only added with three kilograms of sugar per gallon and Spriten was to be enjoyed with wine spirit.
It has good resistance to the false and the real mildew, the phylloxera, and also dryness and soils with high salinity. It is also resistant to virus-spreading viruses nematodes (Roundworms). Disadvantages are the sensitivity to calcareous soils and frost, as well as bad rooting (without this it would be ideal as document ). It was through crossing with other American wild grape varieties used for rootstock cultivation, among others by the French vine grower Georges Couderc (1850-1928). See also under American vines and Vines systematics,