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Vitis riparia

One of the approximately 30 American species or Wild vines with full botanical name Vitis riparia Michx. It was first created by the French botanist André Michaux (1746-1802) described and cataloged in 1802, which is why it is immortalized in the botanical name. Together with the two species Vitis acerifolia and Vitis rupestris it forms the group Ripariae. Trivial synonyms include Bermuda Wine, Duftrebe, Frost Grape , Riverbank Grape, Uferrebe, Vid Americana and Videira Americana. Vitis riparia is the most widespread type of wild grape in North America and comes mainly in the south Canada, as well as in the vast majority of US states except the southernmost.

Vitis riparia - grape and leaf

It grows very well in cooler areas on moist alluvial soils on forested river banks, on river banks, in gorges and is therefore also known as bank vine or river vine , as a vigorous liana climbing high on trees. The virtues of the species are a relatively short one growth cycle, height Frost resistance (up to an incredible minus 50 °), very good resistance against the real and the wrong mildew, as well (but not in full) against the phylloxera, A disadvantage is the low lime tolerance. Crosses with the species Vitis berlandieri resulted in numerous, quite successful documents,

Vitis riparia vines were used for the Riparia Gloire de Montpellier (one of the very first phylloxera-resistant records) and for the famous Kober 5 BB, which was one of the first documents to gain worldwide importance. The varieties are new varieties with Vitis riparia genes Baco Blanc. Baco noir. beta. Cascade. Castor. chelois. Clinton. Elvira. Frontenac. L'Acadie Blanc. Landot Noir. Leon Millot. Missouri Riesling. Maréchal Foch. Noah. Othello. Saphira. Siegfriedrebe, See also under American vines and Vines systematics,

Left: By Wasrts - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Right picture: By Joachim Schmid,
Geisenheim , own photo, CC BY 3.0 de , link

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