One of the approximately 30 American species or Wild vines with full botanical name Vitis rupestris Scheele . It was first described in 1848 by the botanist Georg Heinrich Adolf Scheele (1808-1864), who for this reason is also immortalized in the name. Together with the two species Vitis acerifolia and Vitis riparia it forms the group Ripariae. Due to the often stony subsoil of their locations, it is also used with the trivial synonyms Felsenrebe or Sandrebe , as well as Beach Grape, Bush Grape, Currant Grape, Ingar Grape, July Grape, Mountain Grape, Rock Grape, Sand grape and Sugar Grape.
The vine occurs mainly in the temperate, warm areas of the southwestern United States in treeless prairies. These are primarily the states Arkansas. Illinois Kansas Kentucky. Louisiana. Mississippi. Missouri. New Mexico. Oklahoma. Tennessee and Texas, In contrast to other wild vines, it is not a climbing plant, has a high need for light and warmth and grows as a small bush mainly on dry sand, gravel and gravel soils along mountain rivers, as well as in dry river beds.
The vine is resistant against both mildews, heat compatible, but sensitive to dryness, frost and limestone soils. The resistance to the phylloxera is excellent - very good against Nodositäten and good against tuberosities, It develops a deep root system. The vine produces simple wines without Foxton (Strawberry flavor), which is why, because of its other positive properties, it is also used for wine varieties, but especially for the crossing of documents used. The best known are among others 110 judges. 1103 Paulsen. 140 Ruggeri. 3309 Couderc and the infamous AxR 1,
New varieties with Vitis rupestris genes are Alicante Ganzin. America. Aramon du Gard. Bellandais. Breidecker. Cabernet Cantor. Calastra. Chambourcin. Chancellor. chelois. Couderc Noir. Decora. Flot Rouge. Garonnet. Johanniter. La Crosse. Landal Noir. Landot Noir. Lanka. Maréchal Joffre. Merzling. Munson. Phoenix. Pinard. Plantet. principal. Rainha. Ravat Blanc. Ravat noir. Rayon d'Or. reflex. reform. regent. Rinot. Royalty. Olmo grapes. Seyval Blanc. Sirius. Staufer. Taylor. Triomphe d'Alsace. Vidal Blanc. Villard Blanc. Villard Noir. vivarais. Zala Gyöngye, See further information at American vines and Vines systematics,