The mostly colorless spirit (Russian water, Polish Wódka or Woda) with 40% vol alcohol content is made from carbohydrate-containing raw materials distilled, Cereals are used (best qualities are from rye), potatoes or molasses, as well as in Australia. Italy. France and the United States also grapes, The characteristic is the almost neutral, light sweetishtaste due to the lack of fusel oils and any artificial flavorings, as they are common in many other spirits. First the mash is fermented, the resulting one alcohol burned several times and then filtered to remove all flavors. A maturation such as at brandy or whiskey not necessary. The first vodka was mentioned in the former kingdom in 1405 Poland burned. The biggest vodka producers are today Russia and the Ukraine, In Russia, traditionally with toast "no Zdorowje "(In German" on health ") drank vodka from the traditional vodka glass" Stopka "on many (to all) occasions.
Vodka is the Russian national drink, so to speak, but was always from prohibitive Measures affected. Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918) banned serving and selling at the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, but this led to a drop in state revenue by a third. The Bolsheviks banned the production and sale of all types of alcohol completely after the takeover, but had to give up this ban again in 1925 for financial reasons. Under Stalin (1878-1953), a considerable part of the state budget was financed from the state vodka monopoly. During the Second World War, vodarations were introduced for the soldiers of the Red Army. In the 1980s there was under Michael Gorbachev strong restrictions to combat the alcoholism but what as with others alcohol bans as did the opposite in the United States. Vodka is a popular part of cocktails such as Bloody Mary, Vodka Lemon and Vodka- Martini (Vodka instead gin ) also for alcopops,