The mostly colorless spirit (Russian water, Polish Wódka or Woda) with 40% vol alcohol content is made from carbohydrate-containing starting materials distilled, Used are cereals (best qualities are from rye), potatoes or molasses, as well as in Australia. Italy. France and the United States also grapes, Characteristic is the almost neutral, light sweetishtaste by the absence of fusel oils and any artificial flavorings as they are common in many other spirits. First, the mash is fermented, the resulting alcohol burned several times and then filtered to remove all flavorings. A maturation as for example at brandy or whiskey not necessary. The first vodka was written in 1405 in the former kingdom Poland burned. The biggest vodka producers are today Russia and the Ukraine, In Russia, traditionally with the toast "no Zdorowje "(In German" on health ") at many (until all) occasions drunk vodka from the traditional vodka glass" Stopka ".
Vodka is, so to speak, the Russian national drink, but was always from prohibitive Measures affected. Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918) banned the sale and sale at the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, but this led to a drop in government revenues by one third. The Bolsheviks banned the production and sale of all types of alcohol completely from the time of the seizure of power, but had to abandon this prohibition in 1925 on fiscal grounds. Under Stalin (1878-1953) a considerable part of the state budget was financed from the gain of the state vodka monopoly. During the Second World War, vodkarations were introduced for Red Army soldiers. In the 1980s, there was under Michael Gorbachev strong restrictions to combat the alcoholism, but as with others alcohol bans as in the US rather the opposite effect. Vodka is a popular ingredient of cocktails such as Bloody Mary, Vodka Lemon and Vodka. Martini (Vodka instead gin ) also for alcopops,