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Vorontsov Mikhail Semyonovich

Vorontsov Mikhail Semyonovich The Russian officer and politician Count Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov (1782-1856) was in the Russian Tsarist Empire from 1823 to 1844 Governor-General of Bessarabia to which the Crimean peninsula in today independent state Ukraine belonged. He was then one of the richest men of the Russian Empire and owner of vast estates. Between 1828 and 1847 he had to build with immense financial expense, the famous castle Alupka on the coast near Yalta in the style of the Indian Maharaja. Winston Churchill (1874-1965) lived in the castle during the famous Yalta Conference in February 1945, and the discussions with Josef Stalin (1879-1953) and Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945) took place in the former Tsar's Summer Palace Livadia.

Vorontsov was there from the year 1820 create the first vineyards and build a vineyard and imported for the Crimea new grape varieties such as Aligoté, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pedro Ximenez and Semillon. In 1828 he founded nearby the now famous Viticulture Research Institute Magarach, When trying to produce wines in French style, he initially experienced many setbacks. Inspired by Vorontsov, in the neighboring village of Massandra between 1894 and 1897, the last Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918) built his own vineyard, named after the village, near his summer palace Livadia. Vorontsov supported Prince Lev Golitsyn in the construction of the famous State Winery, which still exists today Massandra,

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