The community in the area Côte de Nuits in the Burgundy was named "Vaoa" at the beginning of the 7th century. From the 9th century it belonged to the monastery Prieuré Saint-Vivant of the Order of Benedictine, In 1232, the monks were given vineyards. In 1651, the location "Le Cloux" was renamed "La Romanée" because of the discovery of Roman ruins nearby. This small location of less than one hectare then became one of the most famous Burgundian vineyards. The name of the best location was added as in many Burgundian communities in 1866 to the municipality name.
The vineyards cover a total of 156 hectares of vineyards. The ground It consists of a special mixture of white oolite (small mineral beads cemented by a calcareous clay binder), marly-bearing limestone and brown-colored loamy-limestone layers. The six Grands Crus have cult status and are called La Grande Rue (1.4 ha), La Tche (6 ha), Richebourg (8 ha), La Romanée (0.84 ha), Romanée-Conti (1.8 ha) and Romanée-Saint-Vivant (10 ha). La Tâche and Romanée-Conti are fully owned by the winery Domaine de la Romanée-Conti, The red wines are mainly made Pinot Noir with shares, if applicable Pinot Liébault and Pinot Gris pressed and count among the absolute top wines in Burgundy.
The 14th Premiers Crus cover a total of 57 hectares of vineyards. These are Au Dessus des Malconsorts (1.1 ha), Aux Brûlées (4.5 ha), Aux Malconsorts (5.9 ha), Aux Reignots (1.6 ha), Clos des Réas (2.1 ha), Cros Parentoux (1 ha), En Orveaux (1.8 ha), La Croix Rameau (0.6 ha), Les Beaux Monts (11.4 ha), Les Chaumes (6.5 ha), Les Gaudichots (0, 8 ha), Les Petits Monts (3.7 ha), Les Rouges du Dessus (2.6 ha) and Les Suchots (12 ha).
The other wines are marketed under the Village Appellation Vosne-Romanée . As a special feature may the Village wines of the neighboring community Flagey-Echezeaux (which is not classified as AOC) use the AOC designation Vosne. Well-known producers are Domaine Robert Arnoux, Bichot (Domaine du Clos Frantin), Sylvain Cathiard, Domaine Jean Grivot, Jayer, Domaine Michel Gros, Angels, Alain Hudelot-Noellat, Domaine Leroy Domaine Méo-Camuzet, Mongeard-Mugneret, Domaine Armelle et Bernard Rion and Domaine de la Romanée-Conti,