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22.776 Keywords • 48.499 Synonyms • 5.298 Translations • 7.909 Pronunciations • 151.248 Cross-references

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VQA

Abbreviation for Vintners Quality Alliance, the appellation system in Canada; look there.

The German officer Johann (John) Schiller laid in 1811 near Toronto on Credit River vineyards with eight acres, which is considered the birth of Canadian viticulture. He experimented with found there Wild vines of the species Vitis labrusca, In 1866, wine growers were out in the southern tip of the country on the island of Pelee in Lake Erie Kentucky Vineyards with the variety Isabella planted. By the end of the 19th century, there were already around 50 vineyards, most of them in the province of Ontario. From the 1930s, many were French and American hybrids planted, paying particular attention to Frost resistance was laid. One of the main actors was the wine-growing pioneer Adhémar de Chaunac (* 1896).

The introduced in 1916 and valid until 1927 prohibition prohibition of public alcohol use in Canada (unlike the USA ) a big boom in viticulture. Because wine was - by clever lobbying of wine producers - from alcohol ban excluded. At that time, the still existing "Liquor Board System" was created, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages by state shops takes place (now this is also allowed by private shops). Until the 1970s, especially sweet, high-alcohol wines from Labrusca varieties were produced, which were then referred to as sherry or port.

Amazingly, the first license since Prohibition for a privately owned wine-growing operation was awarded only in 1975, this was the winery Inniskillin (In Ontario - there is also a winery Inniskillin Okanaga in the province of British Columbia). This traditional business is located on the Niagara Peninsula near the famous Falls. One of the two founders was the Austrian-born pioneer Karl Emperor (1941-2017), the production of Icewine (Eiswein) initiated, which is favored by the climatic conditions. Today, Canada is the world's largest producer of icewines, which are mainly made from Vidal Blanc, Chenin Blanc and Riesling. This started the transformation and increased cultivation of European Vitis vinifera varieties. However, the hybrids still make up a relatively large...

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