The red variety comes from the Balkan area - probably Montenegro, Synonyms are Kratošija, Prhljavac, Vranac Crmnichki, Vranac Crni, Vranac Ornogorski, Vranac Prhljavac, Vranac Rehuljavi, Vranak, Vranatz, Vranec, Vranek and Vranik. The probably very old variety was already widely cultivated in the Middle Ages. Probably it is with Hermann's Goethe (1837-1911) in his published in 1878 Ampelographischen dictionary Styrian variety Vranek identical. According to done in 2004 DNA analysis exists one Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Tribidrag (Crljenak Kaštelanski, Primitivo, Zinfandel ). This is also the reason why Vranac has often been confused with this mixed cultivar.
The medium maturing vine is moderately resistant to both mildews but prone to Botrytis and sensitive to stronger ones frost, It produces deep red, extract, tannin and alcohol rich reds with aromas of black and red fruits with excellent aging potential, which is good for Barrique suitable. The variety is in Bosnia Herzegovina. Kosovo. Croatia (149 ha), Montenegro. Northern Macedonia and Serbia widespread. In 2010, however, only one stock was reported in Croatia (Kym Andserson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)