The red grape comes from the Balkan region - probably Montenegro, Synonyms are Kratošija, Prhljavac, Vranac Crmnichki, Vranac Crni, Vranac Ornogorski, Vranac Prhljavac, Vranac Rehuljavi, Vranak, Vranatz, Vranec, Vranek and Vranik. The probably very old variety was already widely grown in the Middle Ages. It is probably with Hermann's Goethe (1837-1911) identical in his Styrian Vranek variety described in his 1878 Ampelographic Dictionary. According to 2004 DNA analysis there is one Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Tribidrag (Crljenak Kaštelanski, Primitivo, Zinfandel ). This is also the reason why Vranac has often been mistaken for this mixed cultivar.
The medium maturing vine is moderately resistant to both mildews but prone to Botrytis and sensitive to stronger ones frost, It produces deep red, extract-, tannin- and alcohol-rich red wines with aromas of black and red fruits with excellent aging potential, which are good for Barrique suitable. The variety is in Bosnia Herzegovina. Kosovo. Croatia (149 ha), Montenegro. Northern Macedonia and Serbia widespread. In 2010, however, only a population in Croatia was shown (Kym Andserson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)