The red grape variety comes from Romania, There are around 100 synonyms, some of them are Abendrot, Abendroth, Blauer Blank, Blauer Hainer, Blauer Kracher, Blauer Rosszagler, Bleda Cerna, Bleda Zherna, Chorkutska Rozovaya, Chorkutska Rozove, Columella Variegata, Crljenak, Heninger Blau, Jalovna Modrina, Krishatna Modrina, Peles, Pelesovna, Piles, Pilesovna, Plagner, Plagnes, Prcevac, Prcevac Crvenkasti, Prcevac Jedri, Prcevac Sarica, Rosszagler, Rothhainer, Schilcher, Voulpia, Vulpe, Vulpoaica, Vulpya and Zwergstock. The synonym Columella Variegata refers to the Roman authors Columella (1st century); possibly an indication of a variety he mentioned. In any case, it is likely to be a very old grape variety that was common in Central and Eastern Europe. Some synonyms are also used in other varieties such as Blue Wildbacher (Blauer Kracher, Schilcher), Hanns (Sunset glow) and žametovka (Blue grove) used. However, nothing is known about possible connections.
According to in 2013 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between Bratkovina Crna x Gyöngy Fehér, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). Vulpea was the parent of the varieties Blue Augster. Piccola Nera. Ranfol. Sinkavake zlute. Tsulukidzi's Tetra and Vékonyhéjú, Blauer Hainer is a variety in small stocks in the Styria (Austria) cultivated. In 2010 no stocks were shown under Vulpea (Kym Anderson ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)