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The red variety comes from Romania, There are about 100 synonyms, some of which are Sunset, Dusky, Blue Blank, Blue Hainer, Blue Firecracker, Blue Rosszagler, Bleda Cerna, Bleda Zherna, Chorkutska Rozovaya, Chorkutska Rozove, Columella Variegata, Crljenak, Heninger Blue, Jalovna Modrina, Krishatna, Modrina, Peles, Pelesovna, Piles, Pilesovna, Plagna, Plagnes, Prcevac, Prcevac Crvenkasti, Prcevac Jedri, Prcevac Sarica, Rosszagler, Rothhainer, Schilcher, Voulpia, Vulpe, Vulpoaica, Vulpya and Dwarf. The synonym Columella Variegata refers to the Roman authors Columella (1st century); possibly an indication of a variety he mentions. In any case, should be a very old grape variety, which was widespread in Central and Eastern Europe. Some synonyms are also used on other varieties Blue Wildbacher (Blue Firecracker, Schilcher), Hanns (Sunset) and žametovka (Blue Hainer) used. About possible connections but nothing is known.

Vulpea - grape and leaf

According to done in 2013 DNA analysis it is a presumably natural cross between Bratkovina Crna x Gyöngy Fehér, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). Vulpea was the parent of the varieties Blue Augster. Piccola Nera. Ranfol. Sinkavake Zlute. Tsulukidzis Tetra and Vékonyhéjú, Under blue Hainer becomes a sort in small stocks in the Styria (Austria) cultivated. In 2010, no stocks were reported under Vulpea (Kym Anderson ).

Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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