One of the eight specific ones wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, It is from the Danube flowed through, on the northern bank slopes many of the most terraced Vineyards lie. The sometimes very steep vineyards are among the steepest vineyards Austria. The narrow valley along the Danube is only 33, the wine-growing region 15 kilometers long. That is the gate to the west Benedictine Monastery Melk (since 1089), in the east it is over 1,000 years old city Krems limited. In the 5th century the monk lived near Favianis (Mautern) Severinus (410-482) in the middle of vineyards, which proves a viticulture. The English king Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) was on his return journey from the third crusade near Wien captured and at the castle Dürnstein recorded.
King Henry II (973-1024) donated the small settlement Liupna, today's Loiben, to the Tegernsee monastery in 1002. At the turn of the century, the Mayor of Vienna Karl Lueger (1844-1910) served a Loibner wine at a ball held by Emperor Franz-Joseph I (1830-1916), saying: "I never thought it would be like this in my countries good wine there ” commented. Lueger then proposed the term “Loibner Kaiserwein”. The Benedictine Melk Monastery owned vineyards not only in the Wachau, but also in the communities Gumpoldskirchen, Pfaffstätten and to bathe, In Rohrendorf bei Krems, a vineyard of around 100 hectares is still owned by the abbey; which was donated by Leuthold von Kuenring in 1113.
In the year of the second Turkish siege of Wien 1883, a fire was extinguished by wine from the Stiftskeller, which had already reached the church tower and threatened the bells. In 1703, 24,000 buckets of wine were stored in the cellars, which was the equivalent of 1.3 million liters! Finally, with the income from the Zehentwein in the 18th century, the Melk Abbey was converted into today's baroque splendor. Climate change and strict taxes led to the decline of wine culture. It was only in the middle of the 19th century that new wines such as Veltliner and Riesling introduced top wines again.
The terrain is mostly flat with a high and therefore heat-storing mineral content. The soils are mainly composed of loess, sand and trenches. In some terraced vineyards the humus layer is not thicker than 50 centimeters, underneath is the bare granite. The Atlantic-Pannonian mixed climate is characterized by the moisturizing Danube, which has a heat-enhancing effect through reflection. An important factor for the special climate is the big positive temperature difference between day and night. The Wachau was named UNESCO in the "Cultural Landscape" category in 2000 World Heritage appointed.
The Wachau winegrowing communities extend mainly to the left and some also to the right of the Danube. The communities on the left bank with their most important vineyards (locations) are:
Dürnstein (Cadastral communities of Dürnsteiner Waldhütten, Oberloiben, Unterloiben, Rothenhof) with Heudürr, Höhereck, hollerin. Kaiserberg (Subried Lichtensteiner), Kellerberg (Subrieden Wunderburg, Kisses the Pfennig), Liebenberg, Pfaffenberg. Schlossberg. bulk and Supperin,
Loiben (Dürnstein cadastral communities of Oberloiben, Unterloiben) with Bockfüßl, Dinstlgarten. Ms. Weingarten, Hochstrasser, monastery set, Kreutles. Loibenberg (Subrieden Langen Zung, Rauheneck, Rothenberg, Süßenberg), Mühlpoint, Oberhauser, Pichlhof, bulk, Put, Steinertal, Trum and Wandl.
Spitz ad Donau (KG Gut am Steg, Schwallenbach, Vießling) with Almenreith, Amtsgarten, Auleithen, Axpoint (Subriede Hochrain), Baumgartenthal, Brandstatt, Bruck, Castle hill (Subriede Tausendeimerberg ), Donaugarten, Fluiding, Gasslreith, Point - Gut am Steg, Setzberg (Subrieden fish box, country stables), Hartberg, Mühlgraben, Offenberg, Pluris, Singerriedel, Pointed pear, pointed point, Steinborz, Firs, bird ladders and Zornberg.
Weißenkirchen (KG Joching, St. Michael, Wösendorf) with Achleiten, Altau, Angern, Buschenberg, Donauboden, Danube field, women's gardens (Subriede Traben), Gaisberg, Harzenleiten, behind the castle, Hinterkirchen, Hochrain (Subriede Ralais ), Behind Seiber, Kirchweg, Klaus. Kollmitz. Kollmütz, Pichlpoint (Subriede Pichl), Postaller, Ritzling, Steinriegl, Steinwand, Vorder Atzberg, Vorder Seiber, Weitenberg and Zwerithaler.
The communities on the right bank of the Danube are:
Bergern im Dunkelsteinerwald (KG Geyersberg, Maria Langegg, Nesselstauden, Oberbergern, Scheiblwies, Schenkenbrunn, Unterbergern, Wolfenreith) with Donauleiten (Subriede Galiziberg) and Laach (Subriede Steinplatte).
Mautern ad Donau (cadastral communities Baumgarten, Hundsheim, Mauternbach) with Alte Point (Subriede Schlossberg), Burggarten, Ladoschn, Prebarn, Raubern, Silberbichl (Subrieden Bischofpoint, Kirschböck, Leukuschberg, Vom Stein, Zaum), Strudel, Süßenberg and Weingebirge.
Rossatz-Arnsdorf (cadastral communities Mitterarnsdorf, Oberarnsdorf, Rossatz, Rührdorf, Unterarnsdorf) with Altenweg, Woman vineyards, Brunnthal, Höckgarten, Hoferthal, Johannserberg, Mitterbirg, Mugler (Subriede Goldberg), cellar vineyards, Kirnberg, Kreuzberg, Poigen, Pointen (Subrieden Obere Pointen, Untere Pointen), Porzen, Scheibenthal, Steiger, Siegelstal, Trauntal (Subriede Uiberthal) and Zanzl ,
In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 1,345 hectares of vineyards. There was no change compared to 2009 with 1,350 hectares. The proportion of red wine varieties is 8.7% and the proportion of white wine varieties 91.3%. The dominant white wine varieties Grüner Veltliner and Riesling together occupy three quarters of the total area.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rheinriesling||White||355||17.4||221|
|Zweigelt||Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||80||5.9||101|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||33||2.4||42|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||26||1.9||17|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - not used in Lower Austria||White||20||1.4||20.5|
|According to sentence white||-||White||10||0.7||17|
|Blue burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||4.4||0.3||6|
|According to sentence red||-||red||4.3||0.3||3.7|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||3.0||0.2||2.5|
|Gray burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||1.9||0.1||1.9|
|and. white varieties||-||White||0.7||-||0.1|
|and. red varieties||-||red||0.3||-||0.1|
The DAC system is in the drawer, so to speak, and will be introduced in 2019 - description follows.
Well-known producers are Alzinger. Bäuerl Wolfgang. Break Richard. Dinstlgut. Wachau domain. Donabaum In The Spitz. Donabaum Sighardt. Eder Andreas. Eigl Christian. Fischer Josef. Frischengruber. Gallhofer. Gritsch Josef. Gritsch Mauritiushof. Gritsch Roman. Hick Maria & Manfred. Hirtzberger Franz. hofstätter. Högl Josef. Höllmüller. Crab Apple Karl. Hutter Fritz. Jamek Josef. Kartäuserhof. Knoll Emmerich. Lagler Karl. Machherndl. Muthenthaler Martin. Nikolaihof. Pichler Franz Xaver. Pichler-Krutzler. Pichler Rudi. Pomaßl. Prague. Rixinger. Melt Johann. Schmidl Theresa. Schneeweisschen. Snow white Anton. Black Johann. Sigl Heinz. Tegernseerhof. Urbanushof Paul Stierschneider. Veyder-Malberg, Under the brand name Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus quality wines typical of the region are produced according to strict quality criteria.
Map: Copyright ÖWM
Weißenkirchen: Egon Mark