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The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

22.679 Keywords • 48.643 Synonyms • 5.293 Translations • 7.913 Pronunciations • 149.435 Cross-references

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Wairarapa

Winegrowing region in New Zealand; look there.

The English sailor James Cook (1728-1779) took in 1769 the existing of two main islands country for England in possession. The Anglican missionary Samuel Marsden planted the first vines in Kerikeri on the northeastern coast of the North Island in 1819, leaving him free Australia had brought. When Charles Darwin (1809-1882) landed in 1835 from the ship Beagle just at this point, he saw (as he later wrote) healthy vines. James Busby (1802-1871), who had already founded the Australian viticulture, not far away from Waitangi put on a vineyard. He produced the first significant quantities of wine and is considered the first producer. The Auckland wine-growing area was created by immigrants from Dalmatia, and even today Croatian families are an integral part of New Zealand's viticulture. Such were also the founders of today among the largest New Zealand wineries counting Montana and Nobilo,

The Italian oenologist Romeo Bragato (1858-1914) determined by extensive travel the most suitable areas for viticulture and was later appointed state wine director. In this capacity he founded a research institute. In 1876 the real one became mildew and in 1895 the phylloxera introduced. Special contribution to the fight against the insect was made by Romeo Bragato. As a measure were mainly reblausresistente hybrids planted, even in 1960, the most common grape variety was the red Isabella (called here Albany Surprise). From the end of the 19th century until 1919 there was a decided by popular vote prohibition (Alcohol ban), the reversal for the abolition brought homecoming soldiers. Until the 1970s, however, was the public consumption of wine in public transport vehicles (trains, buses, etc.), theaters and airports prohibited.

Until 1960 there were bizarre laws, so only hotels were allowed to sell wine and a single person could buy a maximum of twelve bottles. It was customary to dilute wine with water, which was banned in 1980. But since then, the New Zealand viticulture has taken quantitatively, but above all qualitatively very large upswing. The wine law is based on the Australian. In the case of grape variety on the label at least 75% of this variety must be included. The requirements for winemaking are very liberal. Allowed are enrich. deacidification and leavening, The cellar master enjoys a higher reputation than the one responsible for the vineyard. There are no yield restrictions and...

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