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War and wine

Warlike conflicts have since the antiquity strongly influenced the viticulture. First and foremost, these were naturally negative effects, but there were also positive aspects. In the conquest of new areas have been planted by the winners and other plants and vines from time immemorial, to document the ownership and the desire to stay longer. The most recent example is the conquest of the Golan Heights during the Six Day War in 1967, where the Israelis planted vines there after the occupation. If there was already a viticulture in the conquered areas, the vineyards of the opponent were often destroyed. This was especially the case with the campaigns of those peoples, for whom mostly religious reasons were involved alcohol ban gave.

The Roman legionaries had an enormous need for wine in countless military campaigns. In almost all areas of the Roman Empire, this had a tremendously positive impact on viticulture, including in Germany and Austria, In Europe, the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) had extremely negative effects. About two thirds of the vineyards were destroyed and never replanted afterwards. The vineyard in Germany was previously 300,000 hectares compared to 100,000 today.

So painful and destructive the conquest of the areas in the New world for the natives and their cultures from the beginning of the 16th century was also, the winegrowing was founded there only. Before was in North and South America and also in Australia. New Zealand and South Africa a viticulture or the extraction of wine unknown. The motivation of the European conquerors for the viticulture was (also) the extraction of altar wine, Therefore, the responsibility and the knowledge for the cultivation of viticulture lay mostly with monastic orders of the Catholic church, Warlike conflicts have very often changed trade and consumer habits.

As at the beginning of the 18th century France and England war, the long-flourishing export of French wines were forbidden to England. This caused the port wine of the allied with England Portugal became immensely popular. The area most affected by the effects of the war was the French Champagne due to the strategic location. The vineyards there have been destroyed over the course of history several dozen times. During the First World War (1914-1918) the area was intersected by trenches and barbed-wire intersections. Nevertheless, the rest of the vineyards were also cultivated by the winegrowers during the terrible battles and still wine and champagne generated. See also below drinking culture,

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