The state in the far northwest of the United States
on the Pacific coast with the capital Olympia was only settled by whites from 1810. It borders in the south Oregon
, in the north Canada
and in the west Idaho
, Wine growing in Washington, however, has only been practiced on a large scale since the mid-20th century after the Second World War (1939-1945). As AVA areas
are classified Columbia Gorge (also Oregon), Columbia Valley (also Oregon), Horse Heaven Hills, Puget Sound, Rattlesnake Hills, Red Mountain, Wahluke Slope, Walla Walla Valley (also Oregon) and Yakima Valley.
The climate in the west on the Pacific coast is mild and humid, predominantly white grape varieties are grown in the small AVA Puget Sound located here. The Columbia Valley main cultivation area is located in the east behind the Cascade Mountains, which are up to 4,400 meters high. Here are over 95% of the vineyards. This desert-like area has dry hot summers and arctic cold winters. Due to the lack of rain, an artificial irrigation
with the waters of the Columbia River, Snake River and Yakima River. Mainly European varieties are cultivated, from which the majority of varietals (varietal wines) are produced. To California
Washington has developed into the second most important wine-growing country in the United States in terms of quality wines from European varieties. In 2006 the wine varieties covered a total of 12,400 hectares; however, some of the more recent numbers are already included in the table:
The predominant variety with 9,600 hectares is still the historical one Concord
, Together with the Niagara
and others will produce around 11,000 hectares of vineyards grape juice
and table grapes
used. The second ones are also produced by some of the "Wine Grapes". There are 550 producers in total. This puts the state of Washington in second place after California with over 2,000 companies. Dominant is society Ste Michelle Wine Estates
, which has huge vineyards with important wineries such as Canoe Ridge, Château Ste Michelle, Col Solare, Columbia Crest and Spring Valley. Other well-known producers are Betz Family Winery, Bookwalter, Cayuse Vineyards, Columbia Winery, DeLille Cellars, Dunham Cellars, Glen Fiona, Hedges Cellars, Hogue Cellars, Leonetti Cellar, L'Ecole No 41, Quilceda Creek Vintners (the owner Alex Golitzin is the Nephew of the legendary André Tchelistcheff
), Reininger, Walla Walla Vintners, Washington Hills Cellars, Waterbrook, Woodward Canyon.