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Washington

The state in the extreme northwest of the United States on the Pacific coast with the capital Olympia was populated only from 1810 by whites. It adjoins the south Oregon, in the north Canada and in the west Idaho, However, winegrowing in Washington is more widely practiced only since the mid-20th century after the Second World War (1939-1945). When AVA areas are classified Columbia Gorge (also Oregon), Columbia Valley (also Oregon), Horse Heaven Hills, Puget Sound, Rattlesnake Hills, Red Mountain, Wahluke Slope, Walla Walla Valley (also Oregon) and Yakima Valley.

The climate in the west on the Pacific coast is mild and humid, in the small AVA Puget Sound located here mainly white grape varieties are grown. To the east, behind the 4,400-meter-high Cascade Mountains is the main Columbia Valley. Here are over 95% of the vineyards. In this desert-like area, there are dry hot summers and arctic cold winters. Due to the lack of rain must be an artificial irrigation done with the waters of the Columbia River, Snake River and Yakima River. Mainly European varieties are cultivated, from which mostly Varietals (varietal wines) are produced. To California Washington has emerged as the second most important wine-growing nation in the United States in terms of quality wines from European varieties. The Keltersorten included in 2006 a total of 12,400 hectares; However, the table already contains more recent numbers:

Grape variety (common name in Washington) colour hectare
Merlot red 3334
Chardonnay White 3098
Riesling White 2558
Cabernet Sauvignon red 2384
Syrah red 1256
Pinot Gris White 638
Sauvignon Blanc White 475
Cabernet Franc red 393
Gewurztraminer (Gewurztraminer) White 314
Viognier White 145
Pinot Noir red 126
Sémillon White 94
Sangiovese red 82
Chenin Blanc White 81
Cot (Malbec) red 78
Monastrell (Mourvèdre) red 67
Muscat Blanc (Muscat Canelli) White 58
Garnacha Tinta (Grenache) red 58
Petit Verdot red 53
Blaufränkisch (Lemberger, Blue Franc) red 32
Zinfandel red 27


The predominant variety with 9,600 hectares is still the historical one Concord, Together with the Niagara and others will be around 11,000 hectares for the production of grape juice and table grapes used. The latter are also produced by some of the "Wine Grapes". There are a total of 550 producers. This puts Washington, the state of California, in second place with more than 2,000 companies. The company is the dominant one Ste Michelle Wine Estates It has vast vineyards with major wineries such as Canoe Ridge, Château Ste Michelle, Col Solare, Columbia Crest and Spring Valley. Other well-known producers are Betz Family Winery, Bookwalter, Cayuse Vineyards, Columbia Winery, DeLille Cellars, Dunham Cellars, Glen Fiona, Hedges Cellars, Hogue Cellars, Leonetti Cellar, L'Ecole No 41, Quilceda Creek Vintners (owner Alex Golitzin is the Nephew of the legendary André Tchelistcheff ), Reininger, Walla Walla Vintners, Washington Hills Cellars, Waterbrook, Woodward Canyon.

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