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Washington

The state in the far northwest of the United States on the Pacific coast with the capital Olympia was only settled by whites from 1810. It borders in the south Oregon, in the north Canada and in the west Idaho, Wine growing in Washington, however, has only been practiced on a large scale since the mid-20th century after the Second World War (1939-1945). As AVA areas are classified Columbia Gorge (also Oregon), Columbia Valley (also Oregon), Horse Heaven Hills, Puget Sound, Rattlesnake Hills, Red Mountain, Wahluke Slope, Walla Walla Valley (also Oregon) and Yakima Valley.

The climate in the west on the Pacific coast is mild and humid, predominantly white grape varieties are grown in the small AVA Puget Sound located here. The Columbia Valley main cultivation area is located in the east behind the Cascade Mountains, which are up to 4,400 meters high. Here are over 95% of the vineyards. This desert-like area has dry hot summers and arctic cold winters. Due to the lack of rain, an artificial irrigation with the waters of the Columbia River, Snake River and Yakima River. Mainly European varieties are cultivated, from which the majority of varietals (varietal wines) are produced. To California Washington has developed into the second most important wine-growing country in the United States in terms of quality wines from European varieties. In 2006 the wine varieties covered a total of 12,400 hectares; however, some of the more recent numbers are already included in the table:

Grape variety (common name in Washington) colour hectare
Merlot red 3334
Chardonnay White 3098
Riesling White 2558
Cabernet Sauvignon red 2384
Syrah red 1256
Pinot gris White 638
Sauvignon Blanc White 475
Cabernet Franc red 393
Gewurztraminer (Gewurztraminer) White 314
Viognier White 145
Pinot Noir red 126
Sémillon White 94
Sangiovese red 82
Chenin Blanc White 81
Cot (Malbec) red 78
Monastrell (Mourvèdre) red 67
Muscat Blanc (Muscat Canelli) White 58
Garnacha Tinta (Grenache) red 58
Petit Verdot red 53
Blaufränkisch (Lemberger, Blue Franc) red 32
Zinfandel red 27


The predominant variety with 9,600 hectares is still the historical one Concord, Together with the Niagara and others will produce around 11,000 hectares of vineyards grape juice and table grapes used. The second ones are also produced by some of the "Wine Grapes". There are 550 producers in total. This puts the state of Washington in second place after California with over 2,000 companies. Dominant is society Ste Michelle Wine Estates, which has huge vineyards with important wineries such as Canoe Ridge, Château Ste Michelle, Col Solare, Columbia Crest and Spring Valley. Other well-known producers are Betz Family Winery, Bookwalter, Cayuse Vineyards, Columbia Winery, DeLille Cellars, Dunham Cellars, Glen Fiona, Hedges Cellars, Hogue Cellars, Leonetti Cellar, L'Ecole No 41, Quilceda Creek Vintners (the owner Alex Golitzin is the Nephew of the legendary André Tchelistcheff ), Reininger, Walla Walla Vintners, Washington Hills Cellars, Waterbrook, Woodward Canyon.

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