The first vineyards in Europe were created in the first millennium of the era, mainly along rivers or along their rivers terraced Hang. These had in the antiquity also of great importance to the wine trade, The Romans used means of transportation amphorae there are two main routes. One was on the Garonne from the south of France in the region Languedoc-Roussillon to Toulouse and on to Bordeaux to the Atlantic, the other from Arles on the Mediterranean upstream of the Rhone to Lyon, from there on the tributary Saône and by land to Moselle by Rhine and on this to the North Sea. Bodies of water such as rivers, seas and lakes have a positive effect on viticulture in several ways and thus contribute to the so-called Weinbauwürdigkeit (Approval of an area for viticulture).
The climate regulating effect caused by large water masses causes a reduction of the danger of frost, The formation of valleys creates good conditions. Because through that slopes good sun exposure is achieved, which is cheaper exposition (Direction of sunshine) results in optimal conditions. Due to the humidity, rivers and lakes provide ideal climatic conditions for the formation of Botrytis and thus from very sweet Cry. examples are Sauterne (France), areas on the Rhine (Germany) and Neusiedlersee (Austria). In Northern, Central and Eastern Europe, in particular, there are many important wine-growing regions along rivers. Are of great importance above all Danube. Dordogne. Douro. Garonne. Gironde. Loire. Main. Moselle (see image), Rhine and Rhone, as well as their numerous tributaries.
Rivers are in low rainfall Areas the basis for artificial irrigation, Examples are the Australian area Riverland (Murray River), the United States California (Sacramento River, San Joaquin River) and Washington (Columbia River, Snake River, Yakima River), as well as in South Africa. Argentina and Chile, It looks maritime near the ocean climate as a balancing temperature buffer. Due to the large heat capacity, the water temperature changes more slowly than the temperature on land. As a result, the land near the coast is cooled by the sea in summer and warmed in winter. That affects in Australia. Chile. South Africa and in the west the United States positive. This applies in a similar form to lakes as well Balaton (Lake Balaton, Hungary), Lake Constance (Germany), Three-Lakes and Lake Zurich (Switzerland), Lake Garda (Italy), and Lake Neusiedl (Austria).