Sum of all varied activities during the annual growth cycle in the vineyard with appropriate tools and systems to physiologically mature and healthy grapes as a base for high quality wines to obtain. A commonly used buzzword is "The quality of wine already decides in the vineyard" sometimes with the addition "The measures in the cellar are limited to controlled ( non-invasive ) Do nothing". It's not that easy, but there's no doubt that failures and mistakes in vineyard management in the cellar are difficult or impossible to remedy.
Increasingly, many producers around the world are sustainable Production forms like Organic (organic) viticulture with the special forms Biodynamic viticulture and Bioenergetic viticulture for the protection of ecological Balance, promotion of beneficials and conservation of biodiversity (Biodiversity) applied. These give strict guidelines. of pest Management and the related fight against Vine enemies (Pests) with restrictive to prohibited use of pesticides, as well as the Rebstock- and floor care with allowed fertilizers in front.
The rules or regulations of the many organic farming are usually even more rigorous and strict than those according to EU regulations, Some of these not only affect the vineyard maintenance, but also the cellar technology. This includes, for example, the production of organic wines, for which there are also EU directives for the wine itself since 2012. Some of these techniques are not undisputed and perhaps more in the area of Esoteric such as consideration of moon phases or Music sound of the vines assigned. Many of the methods and related means enumerated below are alternative:
A video (click to view) shows the cycle in the vineyard of the winery Robert Because from pruning until the thin out , Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the various wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law ,
Particularly recommended books on Weingartenpflege, which were also used with the kind permission of the Ulmer-Verlag extensive sources, are:
The winegrower 1 - viticulture (publishing house Eugen Ulmer - Stuttgart)
1999: Edgar Müller, Erwin Kadisch, Gerd Schulze, Oswald Walg
2008: Edgar Müller, Oswald Walg, Hans-Peter Lipps (founder E. Kadisch) - 3rd edition
Viticulture (publishing house Eugen Ulmer - 2000 Stuttgart) Ernst Vogt, Günter Schruft