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Weingarten Care

vineyard maintenance (GB)
vigna coltivare (I)
vinhas cultivar (PO)
méthode de culture de la vigne, vigne culture (F)

Sum of all diverse activities during the annual growth cycle in the vineyard with appropriate tools and systems to physiologically mature and healthy grapes as the basis for high quality wines to obtain. A frequently used catchphrase is "The quality of the wine is already decided in the vineyard" with the addition sometimes "The measures in the cellar are limited to controlled ( non-invasive ) Do nothing". It's not quite that simple, but there is no doubt that it is difficult or no longer possible to correct any omissions and mistakes in the management of the vineyard in the cellar.

Vineyard maintenance - Vineyards in the municipality of Trittenheim (Bernkastel, Mosel)

Increasingly, many producers around the world are sustainable Production forms like Organic (ecological) viticulture with the special shapes Biodynamic viticulture and Bioenergetic viticulture to protect the ecological Balance, promoting the beneficials and conservation of biodiversity (Biodiversity) applied. These give strict guidelines regarding of pest Management and the related fight against Vine enemies (Pests) with restrictive to prohibited use of pesticides, as well as the Rebstock- and floor maintenance with allowed fertilizers in front.

The rules of the many organic farming are usually even more rigorous and strict than those according to EU regulations, Some of them concern not only the vineyard maintenance, but also the cellar technology. This includes, for example, the production of organic wines, for which there have also been EU guidelines for the wine itself since 2012. Some of these techniques are not without controversy and in part perhaps more in the area of Esoteric such as taking into account moon phases or Music for the vines assigned. Many of the procedures listed below and related resources are alternative:

Vineyard maintenance - pruning and mechanical defoliation

Vineyard maintenance - greening and plant protection

Vineyard maintenance - cordon training and plant hormone gibberellin

Vineyard maintenance - irrigation and harvesting

Vineyard maintenance - grape division and binding

further information and sources

A video (click to view) shows the cycle in the Robert vineyard Because from pruning by thin out , Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law ,

Particularly recommendable books about vineyard maintenance, which were also used extensively as sources with the kind permission of the Ulmer publishing house, are:

Der Winzer 1 - Viticulture (Verlag Eugen Ulmer - Stuttgart)
1999: Edgar Müller, Erwin Kadisch, Gerd Schulze, Oswald Walg
2008: Edgar Müller, Oswald Walg, Hans-Peter Lipps (born E. Kadisch) - 3rd edition

Viticulture (Verlag Eugen Ulmer - 2000 Stuttgart) Ernst Vogt, Günter Schruft

Defoliation: Mathias Lutz
Greening: By Martin Mehofer - Own work, CC BY 3.0 at , Link
Parenting: By Jason DeRusha - op Flickr as Mondavi , CC BY-SA 2.0 , Link
Gibberellin: By Lee Spahr - Own Work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Irrigation: Network team Meyer Zwimpfer AG
Harvest: Château Pichon Baron - photo

Grapes division: Robert Weil
DWI (German Wine Institute)

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