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The insect (also wine bird) belongs to the genus of night owl butterflies. The tracked certain species can occur as vine pests to a small extent. The caterpillars of the species Middle Warmers (Deilephila elpenor) and Little Warmers (Deilephila porcellus), which are common in Europe, feed mainly on willow herb. The great wine enthusiast (Hippotion celerio) with a wingspan of about 6 to 7 centimeters lives mainly tropical Africa. Asia and Australia and sometimes flies to southern Europe in late summer. It is rarely found in Central Europe, in Saxony the last entry was observed in 1967. The females lay their eggs individually on the top and bottom of the leaves vines, from which the German name is derived. The caterpillars, which come in brown and green, reach a body length of 8 to 9 centimeters. Typical is the relatively long anal horn, which turns black in the last stage of the caterpillar. In the second caterpillar stage, the dark eye spots appear for the first time. Up to half of the leaves eaten are characteristic of the caterpillars. See also under Vine enemies,

Wine enthusiasts - Large wine enthusiasts (moths) and medium wine enthusiasts (caterpillars)

Images: André Mégroz

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