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Weinschwärmer

The insect (also wine bird) belongs to the genus of night owl butterflies. The tracked certain species can occur to a minor extent as vine pests. The caterpillars of the common species of European wineries (Deilephila elpenor) and small grebes (Deilephila porcellus) feed mainly on willowherb. The Great Hippopotamus (Hippotion celerio) with a wingspan of about 6 to 7 centimeters lives mainly tropical Africa. Asia and Australia and sometimes flies to southern Europe in late summer. In Central Europe it is rare to find in Saxony the last entry was observed in 1967. The females lay their eggs one by one on the bottom and top of the leaves of vines from which the German name derives. The caterpillars occurring in the variants brown and green reach a body length of 8 to 9 centimeters. Typical is the relatively long anal horn, which turns blackish in the last caterpillar stage. In the second caterpillar stage the dark eye spots appear for the first time. Caterpillars are characterized by half eaten leaves. See also below Vine enemies,

Weinschwärmer - Great wine lover (Moth) and Mittlerer Weinschwärmer (Caterpillar)

Pictures: André Mégroz www.insects.ch

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