One of the eight specific ones wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, Here was already from the Celts engaged in viticulture before the birth of Christ. In the community Stillfried grape seeds from the vine were found Vitis vinifera which dates back to 900 BC BC were dated. It counts alongside Burgenland Zagersdorf to the oldest winegrowing communities in Central Europe. According to an old trade route from Wien to the Czech Brno (Brno) the typical Weinviertel wine is as Brünnerstrassler named. That north of the Danube lying, gently undulating area borders in the north Czech Republic and extends from Manhartsberg in the west to the border of the Slovakia in the East.
The Weinviertel is not a closed area, but consists of many, sometimes small, vineyard islands. It used to be divided into two separate areas. The eastern area Falkenstein starts in the south near Wien, The most important winegrowing communities with the most famous vineyards in brackets: Bisamberg (Gabrissen, Jungsberg, Wiesthalen), Bockfliess, Falkenstein (Alsen, Eckartsberg, Kreuzberg, Rabenstein, Rosenberg), Enzersfeld (Sandtal), Gänserndorf, Mr. Baumgarten, Katzelsdorf, Kleinhadersdorf (Birthal, Bockgärten, Hochenleiten), Korneuburg, Langenzersdorf, Mannersdorf, Matzen, Mistelbach, Münichsthal (Seewansche Lagen), Poysbrunn, Poysdorf (Bürsting, Hermann haggling, Kirchbergen, Sauesseln, White Mountains), Schrattenberg, Stetten (Haidviertel, Hundsleiten, Mitterviertel, Neuberg, Zeiseneck ), Wetzelsdorf, Wolkersdorf and Zistersdorf.
The western area Retz extends from Großriedenthal in the south to the eponymous municipality in the north. The most important winegrowing communities are Eggenburg, Frauendorf, Haugsdorf, Hohenwarth, Hollabrunn, Kleinhaugsdorf, Limberg, Maissau, Mühlbach am Manhartsberg, Ravelsbach, Retz with Oberretzbach, Mitterretzbach and Unterretzbach ( Altenberg, Plaque, sentences, tongues), Röschitz, Ruppersthal, Schrattenthal, Sitzendorf and Ziersdorf. The vineyards of the Mailberg with the reed Hundschupfen forms a climatic island.
The Weinviertel soil types are of course very different due to the very wide area, but loess, loam, bedrock and black earth soils dominate. The climate is continental, only in the far east there is a Pannonian influence. The summers are mostly hot and dry and the winters cold. The vineyards are between 200 and 250 meters above sea level. The best vineyards are located in locations with a particularly favorable microclimate, that is Bisamberg, Falkenstein, Mailberg and Retz. In 2001 the "Weinstrasse Weinviertel" was founded to promote wine and cultural tourism. Over a length of over 130 kilometers, 150 municipalities with over 500 winegrowing companies are involved.
In 2015, the vineyards covered 13,858 hectares of vineyards. With around 30% of the total Austrian area, the Weinviertel is by far the largest wine-growing region. Compared to 2009 with 13,356 hectares, this was almost identical. The proportion of red wine varieties is 24.4% and the proportion of white wine varieties is 75.6%. It dominates with almost half of the Grüner Veltliner, which is why the area is also known as the “Veltliner Land”.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|Zweigelt||Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||1638||11.8||1466|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rheinriesling||White||562||4.1||486|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||443||3.2||467|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - not used in Lower Austria||White||271||2.0||203|
|According to sentence white||-||White||170||1.2||290|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||170||1.2||93|
|According to sentence red||-||red||72||0.5||9|
|Blue burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||64||0.5||50|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||48||0.3||40|
|Gray burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||15||0.1||11|
|and. white varieties||-||White||28.7||0.2||19|
|and. red varieties||-||red||4.6||-||2.3|
From the 2002 vintage, the origin-controlled quality level Weinviertel DAC was introduced. It was the first wine-growing region after the new one DAC system, All other quality wines have to come from Lower Austria, the Vins under the wine-growing region designation wine country be marketed. In addition to the general DAC conditions, the following rules apply:
Classic : The wine must be from the quality wine grape variety Green Valtellina have been prepared. He must dry with a maximum of 6 g / l residual sugar be removed (standard for dry would be 9 g / l). The alcohol content must be at least 12% or (from year 2010) a maximum of 12.5% vol, as well as 13% vol in exceptional years declared by decision of the Regional Committee. A typical peculiarities are a light yellow to green-yellow color varietal bouquet as well as a fruity, spicy. peppery Taste required. The wine is not allowed botrytis still wood tone ( toast flavor ) and do not taste alcohol-heavy on one side. The specification of a Great location is not allowed, as smaller geographical units can a municipality and a Riede can be specified. An application to obtain the state test number may be placed from January 1st of the year following the harvest. However, marketing with a positive decision may not take place before March 1st of this year.
reserve : This level for stronger wines was only introduced six years later with the 2009 vintage. The wine must have a dense structure with a long finish. A delicate botrytis or wood tone is permitted. The existing alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. Bottling must take place within the manufacturing plant and in the Weinviertel. The bottles must have a specific capsule be provided. Grapes may be bought in, but not must. An application for obtaining the state test number must not be made before March 15 of the year following the harvest. At least four out of six tasters must agree that the wine is in sensory Regarding the regulations.
Well-known producers are Bannert Manfred. Farmer Christoph. Farmer Norbert. Baumgartner Wolfgang. Diem Gerald. Diem Johann. Dietzl Georg. Dommaier. Dürnberg. Eichberger Gotthard. Eminger Wilhelm. Faber-Köchl. Fabianek. Fidesser. Frank Harald. Girsch. Greilinger Reinhard. Gruber Ewald. Hagenbüchl Fritz. Hagn Wolfgang. Hahn Paul. Haindl-Erlacher. Lift dispute Manfred. Hirtl Martin. Hofbauer Ludwig. Hofbauer-Schmidt. Hofkellerei Foundation Prince Liechtenstein. Humer Andreas. H&M Hofer. Ipsmiller Konrad. Little Julius. Laurenz V.. Laurer. liverwurst. Lobner Gerhard. Mason Leopold. Minkowitsch Josef. Minkowitsch Roland. Mrozowski. Oberschil-Rieger. Pfaffl Roman. Broke Christian. Pollerhof. Prechtl Franz. Pröll Andreas. Pröglhöf. Reinthaler Ernst. Respiz-Hof Kölbl. Rittler Leopold. Rücker Edmund. Ruttenstock. Salomon Josef. Bernhard is smart. Bockfliess castle winery. Castle winery Graf Hardegg. Castle winery Maltese knightly order. Tailor Herbert. Rainer chuckles. Schulz Werner. Black Alois. Schwarzböck. Seer Wolfgang. Seifried. Setter Hans. Sonnenhügel. Late Benjamin. Stadler Johannes. Franz Monastery. Stuffer Franz. Studeny Herbert. Sutter Doris & Leopold. Pigeon shot Helmut. Toifl Georg. Uibel Leopold. Walek Gerhard. Wannemacher Josef. Weber Willi. Weineck Martin. Weingartshofer Franz. Weinrieder. Wine worm Georg. Wenzl Heribert. Voditschka Rudolf. Zeilinger-Wagner. Zens Josef. Zillinger Herbert. Zillinger Johannes. Zoechmann Reinhard and Zull Phillip,
Images: © ÖWM - Gerhard Trumler and Egon Mark