One of the eight specific wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, Here was already by the Celts Winegrowing operated before the birth of Christ. In the community Stillfried we found grape seeds of the cultivated vine Vitis vinifera dating back to 900 BC Were dated. That's what counts next to Burgenland Zagersdorf to the oldest viticulture communities of Central Europe. After an old trade route from Wien to the Czech Brno, the typical Weinviertel wine is Brünnerstrassler named. The north of the Danube lying, gently rolling area adjacent to the north Czech Republic and extends from the Manhartsberg in the west to the border of the Slovakia in the East.
The Weinviertel is not a closed area, but consists of many, sometimes small vineyard islands. It used to be divided into two separate areas. The eastern area Falkenstein starts in the south near by Wien, The most important viticulture communities with the most famous vineyards in Klammer: Bisamberg (Gabrissen, Jungenberg, Wiesthalen), Bockfliess, Falkenstein (Alsen, Eckartsberg, Kreuzberg, Rabenstein, Rosenberg), Enzersfeld (Sand Valley), Gänserndorf, Mr. Baumgarten, Katzelsdorf, Kleinhadersdorf (Birthal, Bockgärten, Hochenleiten), Korneuburg, Langenzersdorf, Mannersdorf, Matzen, Mistelbach, Münichsthal (Seewansche Lagen), Poysbrunn, Poysdorf (Bürsting, Hermann haggling, Kirchbergen, Saurüsseln, White Mountains), Schrattenberg, Stetten (Haidviertel, Hundsleiten, Mitterviertel, Neuberg, Zeiseneck ), Wetzelsdorf, Wolkersdorf and Zistersdorf.
The western area Retz extends from Großriedenthal in the south to the eponymous community in the north. The most important wine-growing districts are Eggenburg, Frauendorf, Haugsdorf, Hohenwarth, Hollabrunn, Kleinhaugsdorf, Limberg, Maissau, Muhlbach am Manhartsberg, Ravelsbach, Retz with Oberretzbach, Mitterretzbach and Unterretzbach ( Altenberg, Klafel, Satzen, Züngel), Röschitz, Ruppersthal, Schrattenthal, Sitzendorf and Ziersdorf. The vineyards of Mailberg with the vineyard Hundschupfen forms a climate-proof island.
The Weinviertel soil types are of course very different due to the very widespread area, but loess, clay, primeval rock and black earth soils dominate. The climate is continental, only in the extreme east there is a Pannonian influence. The summers are mostly hot and dry and the winters cold. The vineyards are between about 200 and 250 meters above sea level. The best vineyards are located in locations with particularly favorable microclimate, that is Bisamberg, Falkenstein, Mailberg and Retz. In 2001, the Weinviertel Weinviertel was founded to promote wine and cultural tourism. Over a distance of over 130 kilometers, 150 communities with more than 500 vineyards are involved.
In 2015, the vineyards covered 13,858 hectares of vineyards. With around 30% of Austria's total area, the Weinviertel is by far the largest winegrowing area. This was almost identical to 13,356 hectares in 2009. The proportion of red wines is 24.4% and the proportion of white wines 75.6%. It dominates with almost half of the Grüner Veltliner, which is why the area is also referred to as "Veltliner Land".
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|Zweigelt||Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||1638||11.8||1466|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rhine Riesling||White||562||4.1||486|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||443||3.2||467|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - Not used in Lower Austria||White||271||2.0||203|
|Gem. Set knows||-||White||170||1.2||290|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||170||1.2||93|
|Gem. Set red||-||red||72||0.5||9|
|Blue Burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||64||0.5||50|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||48||0.3||40|
|Gray Burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||15||0.1||11|
|and white varieties||-||White||28.7||0.2||19|
|and red varieties||-||red||4.6||-||2.3|
From the year 2002, the quality- controlled Weinviertel DAC was introduced. It was the first vineyard after the new one DAC system, All other quality wines have to deal with the origin of Lower Austria, the Vins under the wine-growing region name wine country be marketed. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions, the following rules apply in particular:
Classic : The wine must be from the quality wine grape Green Valtellina to have been prepared. He must dry with a maximum of 6 g / l residual sugar be developed (standard for dry would be 9 g / l). The alcohol content must be at least 12% or (from the 2010 vintage) a maximum of 12.5% vol and 13% vol in exceptional years declared by decision of the Regional Committee. As typical peculiarities are a light yellow to green-yellow color, a typical varietal bouquet as well as a fruity, spicy. peppery Taste demanded. The wine may neither botrytis still wood tone ( toast flavor ) and do not taste unilaterally alcoholic. The specification of a Great location is not allowed, as a smaller geographical units can be a municipality and a Riede be specified. An application to obtain the state test number may be made from 1 January of the year following the harvest. However, marketing in the case of a positive decision may not take place before 1 March of this year.
reserve : This level for stronger wines was introduced six years later with the 2009 vintage. The wine must have a dense structure with a long finish. A delicate botrytis or wood tone is allowed. The existing alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. The bottling must be done within the production plant and in the Weinviertel. The bottles have to be specific capsule be provided. It may grapes, but not must be purchased. An application to obtain the national test number may not be submitted before 15 March of the year following the harvest. At least four out of six tasters must agree that the wine is in sensory Respects the provisions.
Well-known producers are Bannert Manfred. Farmer Christoph. Farmer Norbert. Baumgartner Wolfgang. Diem Gerald. Diem Johann. Dietzl Georg. Dommaier. Dürnberg. Eichberger Gotthard. Eminger Wilhelm. Faber-Köchl. Fabianek. Fidesser. Frank Harald. Girsch. Greilinger Reinhard. Gruber Ewald. Hagenbüchl Fritz. Hagn Wolfgang. Cock Paul. Haindl-Erlacher. Hebenstreit Manfred. Hirtl Martin. Hofbauer Ludwig. Hofbauer-Schmidt. Hofkellerei Foundation Prince Liechtenstein. Humer Andreas. H & M Hofer. Ipsmiller Konrad. Little Julius. Laurence V.. Laurer. liverwurst. Lobner Gerhard. Mason Leopold. Minkowitsch Josef. Minkowitsch Roland. Mrozowski. Oberschil-Rieger. Pfaffl Roman. Pleil Christian. Pollerhof. Prechtl Franz. Pröll Andreas. Pröglhöf. Reinthaler Ernst. Respiz-Hof Kölbl. Rittler Leopold. Rücker Edmund. Ruttenstock. Salomon Joseph. Goodbye Bernhard. Castle winery Bockfliess. Castle winery Graf Hardegg. Schlossweingut Maltese Order of Knights. Tailor Herbert. Schuckert Rainer. Schulz Werner. Black Alois. Schwarzböck. Seer Wolfgang. Seifried. Setter Hans. Sonnenhügel. Late Benjamin. Stadler Johannes. Stift Franz. Tampers Franz. Studeny Herbert. Sutter Doris & Leopold. Pigeon Shot Helmut. Toifl Georg. Uibel Leopold. Walek Gerhard. Wannemacher Josef. Weber Willi. Weineck Martin. Weingartshofer Franz. Weinrieder. Wineworm Georg. Wenzl Heribert. Vodichka Rudolf. Zeilinger-Wagner. Zens Josef. Zillinger Herbert. Zillinger Johannes. Zöchmann Reinhard and Zull Phillip,
Images: © ÖWM - Gerhard Trumler and Egon Mark