Old professional title from the Middle Ages (also Weinzürl or Weinzettl) of the person responsible for viticulture with extensive duties. The Weinzierl was discontinued by the landlord and had the cultivation, the care of the vineyards and the vintage to monitor. He hired the Weingarten workers (hauer servants), distributed their work and responsibilities, and had to constantly check that everything was right. The duties of the workers were strictly regulated and were monitored by the Weinzierl. The winegrowing regulations issued by the Austrian Habsburg Duke Albrecht II from 1352 contain detailed regulations on leasing, harvesting regulations, remuneration and guardianship (see under Weingarten guardian ). The workers had to go to the vineyards at sunrise and were only allowed to leave them at sunset. Only later were they allowed to take a break from work. The farmhands were mostly so-called day laborers, which means that they were paid daily in the evening after the end of work.
After the first fortunately failed Turkish siege in the city Wien in 1529 the Lower Austrian state government issued a new, strict “order for tusks and vineyard workers ”: no hauerknecht should move away from his innkeeper or winegrower without a valid cause, violators should be dangerously confiscated, to compensate the innkeeper or winegrower, and where the latter demands it, promise to continue the work, but in the event of repetition, are sentenced to up to two pounds pfennigs or equivalent corporal punishment.
In this regulation, the hours worked per day, the duration of the lunch hour and the hourly wages were regulated, and ZXH contained numerous prohibitions. For example, it was forbidden to use a weapon to enter the vineyard, to blasphemy, to indulge in the game, to drink wine at work or to take grapevines home. Immediate punishments (including physical punishments) were provided for non-compliance. See other old wine-making professions and customs below Customs in viticulture,