Old job title from the Middle Ages (also Weinzürl or Weinzettl) of viticulture managers with comprehensive duties. The Weinzierl was set by the landlord and had the cultivation, the care of the vineyards and the vintage to monitor. He hired the Weingarten workers (Hauer servants), distributed their work and responsibilities and constantly had to see to it. The duties of the workers were strictly regulated and monitored by Weinzierl. In the wine-growing order issued by the Austrian Habsburg Duke Albrecht II in 1352, there are detailed regulations on lease subject, crop order, compensation and guardianship (see under Weingarten guardian ). The workers had to go to the vineyards at sunrise and were only allowed to leave at sunset. Only later were they allowed to interrupt work by eating a meal. The homebuyers were mostly so-called day laborers, that is, they were paid daily after the end of work in the evening.
After the first fortunately failed Turkish siege of the city Wien in 1529, the Lower Austrian provincial government issued a new strict "order for Hauer and Weingartenarbeiter": No hauerknecht before the grape harvest without good cause from his landlord or Weinzierl move offenders should be drafted dangerously, to pay damages to the host or Weinzierl, and where the latter requires it, to make a vow of further work, but in the event of failure to pay up to two pounds of pennies or a corresponding corporal punishment.
This regulation regulated working hours per day, lunchtime duration and hourly pay, as well as numerous prohibitions on ZXH. For example, it was forbidden to enter the vineyard with a weapon, blaspheme, indulge in play, drink wine at work, or take home grapevines. For non-compliance immediate punishment (also corporal punishment) was provided. See other old wine-growing professions and practices below Customs in viticulture,