One of the three specific ones wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Styria, The narrow, elongated area borders in the south Slovenia, Winegrowing can be traced back to the fourth century BC, because the Illyrians, Celts and later the Romans grew vines here. Wine growing on the Ligistberg was first mentioned in 1235. The location on the foothills of the Koralpe and the Reinischkogel protects against wind and causes strong warming during the day. The vineyards are between 420 and 600 meters above sea level. Steep slopes and almost gorge-like valleys characterize the wine communities. Gneiss and slate weathering soils predominate.
West Styria is the classic area of the region that has been created for centuries Schilcher wine from the variety Blue Wildbacher, which is grown almost only in Styria and occupies around two thirds of the vineyard area. There is also an “Association for the Protection of Classic Schilcher from West Styria” with the trademark White horse, The area encompasses the entire wine-growing region of Western Styria and, as a novelty, the cadastral community of Obergreith (municipality of Oberhaag in the Leibnitz district) in the wine-growing region südsteiermark,
Well-known winegrowing communities include Bad Gams, Deutschlandsberg (Riede Burgegg), Eibiswald, Groß St. Florian, Ligist, Marhof, Schwanberg, the Schilcherzentrum Stainz (Riede Angel Weingarten ), Stallhofen, St. Stefan ob Stanz, Gundersdorf, Greisdorf and Wies (Riede Lamberg). The “Schilcher Wine Route” begins in Ligist, leads through the most important places and ends in Eibiswald. Characteristic of the wine-growing region are the "Kellerstöckln", which only consist of a press room with a wine cellar underneath.
In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 546 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 501 hectares, this was an increase of 9%. The proportion of red wine varieties is 71.2% (of which the clear dominant Schilcher variety Blauer Wildbacher with over two thirds or 67%), the proportion of white wine varieties 28.8% (Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay were recorded together in 2009 with 51 ha):
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||45||8.2||51|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||13.7||2.5||5|
|Zweigelt||Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||11.5||2.1||15|
|Gray burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||2.1||0.4||3|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rheinriesling||White||1.4||0.3||1|
|According to sentence white||Styrian mixed set||White||0.6||0.1||-|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||0.5||0.1||1|
|Blue burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||-||-||-|
|and. white varieties||-||White||16.9||2.9||18|
|and. red varieties||-||red||11.9||2.2||0|
In 2018, Styria became an origin-oriented one DAC system introduced. All other quality wines have to with the origin Styria, the country wines under the wine-growing region name Steirerland be marketed. In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realized one after the other) an overall concept was developed for all three specific wine-growing areas. There is a three tier pyramid of origin of wine. local wine and Ried wine,
The Styrian variety of varieties is taken into account differently (see in the graphic). It remains the same for the regional wine, for the local wine and in some cases also for the Riedenwein different localities depending on the wine-making area leading varieties Are defined. The regional wines may be marketed from March 1, the vineyard wines and the local wines from May 1 of the year following the harvest. The wines from Welschriesling and the Schilcher (to be specified as Schilcher Klassik), which may be marketed as regional wine from December 1 of the harvest year and as local wine from February 1 of the year following the harvest. There is also an exception for the Styrian Junker, which is traditionally presented in early November.
The Weststeiermark DAC area comprises the political districts of Graz, Graz-Umgebung, Deutschlandsberg and Voitsberg. The cross-local wine-growing communities of Deutschlandsberg, Eibiswald, Ligist and Stainz. The leading varieties are Blauer Wildbacher (developed as Schilcher) and Sauvignon Blanc.
Images: © ÖWM - Armin Faber