One of the three specific wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Styria, The narrow, elongated area adjoins the south Slovenia, Viticulture can be traced back to the fourth century BC, because even the Illyrians, Celts and later the Romans cultivated vines here. In 1235 viticulture was first mentioned in documents on Ligistberg. The location at the foothills of the Koralpe and the Reinischkogel protects against wind and causes strong warming during the day. The vineyards are between 420 and 600 meters above sea level. Steep slopes and almost gorge-like valleys characterize the image of the wine communities. There are predominant gneiss and slate weathering soils.
West Styria is the classic territory of the centuries produced Schilcher wine of the sort Blue Wildbacher, which is cultivated almost exclusively in Styria and here occupies about two-thirds of the vineyard. There is also a "club for the protection of the classic Schilcher from West Styria" with the trademark White horse, The area covers the entire wine-growing region West Styria and as a novum the cadastral Obergreith (municipality Oberhaag in the district of Leibnitz) in the wine-growing region südsteiermark,
Well-known wine-growing communities include Bad Gams, Deutschlandsberg (Riede Burgegg), Eibiswald, Groß St. Florian, Ligist, Marhof, Schwanberg, the Schilcherzentrum Stainz (Riede Angel Weingarten ), Stallhofen, St. Stefan ob Stanz, Gundersdorf, Greisdorf and Wies (Riede Lamberg). The "Schilcher Wine Route" starts in Ligist, leads over the most important places and ends in Eibiswald. Characteristic of the wine-growing area are the "Kellerstöckln", which consist only of a press room with underlying wine cellar.
In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 546 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009, with 501 hectares, this was an increase of 9%. The proportion of red varieties is 71.2% (of which more than two-thirds or 67% is the clearly dominant Schacher variety Blauer Wildbacher), the proportion of white varieties 28.8% (Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay were recorded together in 2009 with 51 ha):
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||45||8.2||51|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||13.7||2.5||5|
|Zweigelt||Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||11.5||2.1||15|
|Gray Burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||2.1||0.4||3|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rhine Riesling||White||1.4||0.3||1|
|Gem. Set knows||Styrian mixed set||White||0.6||0.1||-|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||0.5||0.1||1|
|Blue Burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||-||-||-|
|and white varieties||-||White||16.9||2.9||18|
|and red varieties||-||red||11.9||2.2||0|
In 2018 Styria became the origin-oriented DAC system introduced. All other quality wines have to with the ancestry Styria, the land wines under the wine-growing region designation Steirerland be marketed. In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realized one after another) an overall concept for all three specific wine-growing areas was developed. There is a three tier origin pyramid with of wine. local wine and Ried wine,
The variety of Styrian varieties is taken into account differently (see in the graph). It remains with the local wine, with the local wine and partly also with the Riedenwein were different depending on wine making local leading varieties Are defined. The area wines may be marketed from 1 March, the vine and the local wines from 1 May of the year following the harvest. An exception are the wines from Welschriesling and the Schilcher (to be indicated as Schilcher Klassik), which may be marketed as regional wine as early as 1 December of the crop year and as local wine from 1 February of the year following the harvest. Likewise, an exception applies to the Styrian Junker, which is traditionally presented in early November.
The area Weststeiermark DAC covers the political districts of Graz, Graz-Umgebung, Deutschlandsberg and Voitsberg. The local winegrowing communities of Deutschlandsberg, Eibiswald, Ligist and Stainz. The leading varieties are Blauer Wildbacher (expanded as Schilcher) and Sauvignon Blanc.
Well-known wineries are Domain Müller. Archduke Johann Weine. Friedrich Christian. JÃ¶bstl Johannes. Langmann. Lazarus. Oswald Eduard. Reiterer Christian. Resch-Longus. straw Meier and Weinhof Florian,
Pictures: © ÖWM - Armin Faber