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Wild vines

Designation for natural vine occurrences, which have evolved in the course of the long evolutionary history as species (Species) and subspecies (subspecies) and populate special locations in their distribution areas. The Artareale are a mirror of Climate- and vegetation history of the respective settlement areas and give information about the ecological Scope and adaptability of the species. Where the areas of different species overlap, viable natural hybrids have become natural crossing form. Due to the numerous finds of fossil seeds, wood residues and leaf prints it is proven that there were wild preforms of the grapevines already at the end of the Cretaceous (Early Eocene) and in the early Quaternary (Oligocene), ie around 60 to 80 million years ago , During the ice ages (100,000 to 10,000 years before today), the native in Central Europe wild vines were pushed back into the Mediterranean and the lowlands of the then non-existent Black Sea and Central Asia.

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