The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

23.062 Keywords • 48.235 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.368 Pronunciations • 155.291 Cross-references

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vino (ES)
vin (F)
wine (GB)
vino (I)
wijn (N)
vinho (PO)

The German name "wine" comes from the Latin "Vinum". Terms in other languages include Indonesian Anggur; Hungarian boron; Irish (gaelic) Fion; Georgian Ghvino; Arabic Khamr; Greek oinos; Chinese Pútáojiǔ or Hóngjiǔ; Turkish Sarap; french vin; Italian and Spanish Vino; Portuguese Vinho; Flemish Wijn; English Wine; Croatian, Polish and Russian Wino.

Wine has been produced for at least 6,000 to perhaps 8,000 years, being the cradle of the winemaking the historical landscape Mesopotamia. Transcaucasia and according to the latest knowledge in Southeastern Anatolia in the Turkey is suspected. Is more likely beer even older, but of course that can no longer be determined. In any case, beer and wine are the earliest evidence of human existence drinking culture, In the Greek and later Roman antiquity a high-quality wine culture developed.

According to EU Regulation 1308/2013, the definition of wine is defined as follows: The term "wine" denotes the product that is made entirely or partially alcoholic fermentation the fresh, also mashed grapes or the grape must is won. Accordingly, the product may only be referred to as wine if grapes are used. Other starting products must precede on label appear; for example cider. fruit wine or Ribiselwein (Currant wine).


The terms and wine quality classes that have been valid since the introduction of the new EU wine market regulations from August 2009 are detailed under the keyword quality system described. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law, The country-specific wine regulations are among the over 100 wine-producing countries contain. A list of all countries can be found under the keywords Africa. Asia. Europe. South America. tropics and United States,

A list of all tools and work in the vineyard during the annual growth cycle there is under Weingarten Care, Under grapevine you can find all the vine-specific keywords. The numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are among winemaking contain. In addition to the standard wine types, there are around 200 special wines or wine drinks; a list is below special wines cited. For the numerous ingredients in wine, see below flavorings and total extract, regarding wine tasting and wine evaluation at wine review and wine address, as well as regarding "suitable wine to eat" under cooking wine and Wine with food,

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