The German name "wine" comes from the Latin "Vinum". Names in other languages are, for example, Indonesian Anggur; Hungarian Boron; Irish (gaelic) Fion; Georgian Ghvino; Arabic Khamr; Greek Oinos; Chinese Pútáojiǔ or Hóngjiǔ; Turkish Sarap; French Vin; Italian and Spanish Vino; Portuguese Vinho; Flemish Wijn; English Wine; Croatian, Polish and Russian Wino.
Wine has been produced for at least 6,000 to perhaps 8,000 years, being the cradle of the winemaking the historical landscape Mesopotamia. Transcaucasia and according to the latest findings Southeast Anatolia in the Turkey is suspected. Presumably beer even older, but of course that is no longer apparent. In any case, beer and wine are earliest evidence of human drinking culture, In the Greek and later Roman antiquity developed an upstanding wine culture.
According to EU Regulation 1308/2013, the definition of wine is defined as follows: The term "wine" means the product which is entirely or partly alcoholic fermentation the fresh, even mashed grapes or of grape must is won. Accordingly, only when using grapes, the product may be referred to as wine. Other starting products must be preceded by label appear; for example cider. fruit wine or Ribiselwein (Currant wine).
The designations and wine quality classes valid since the introduction of the new EU wine market regulations from August 2009 are detailed under the keyword quality system described. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law, The country specific wine regulations are over 100 wine-producing countries contain. For all countries see the keywords Africa. Asia. Europe. South America. tropics and United States,
A list of all tools and works in the vineyard during the annual growth cycle there are under Weingarten Care, Under grapevine you can find all the rebstockspezifischen keywords. The numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under winemaking contain. In addition to the standard types of wine, there are about 200 special wines or wine drinks; a list is under special wines cited. Regarding the numerous ingredients in wine, see below flavorings and total extract, regarding wine tasting and wine evaluation under wine review and wine address, as well as "matching wine to eat" under cooking wine and Wine to food,
Graphic: © Norbert table Hanselmayer