The Kanaan (biblical name for Palestine), which is known as the "Promised Land", had to be replaced by the Israelites conquer or colonize twice. This was done under Abraham, the progenitor of Israel (and by the way also the Arab) about 2000 to 1900 and under Moses after forty years of desert migration about 1300 to 1200 BC. The historical research is not in agreement whether the two persons actually lived, or are rather only legendary figures. In any case, Moses died after reaching the destination without entering it. At the frontier, Moses was commanded by Yahweh to seek out the land of Canaan which he intended for the Israelites. There they came near Hebron to a wadi (Wildbachtal). This is in the book Numbers as follows (13:22 ff): It was just the time of the first grapes. When they reached the valley of Eshkol, they cut off a vine with a bunch of grapes, which they carried by two on a pole, as well as some pomegranates and figs. The grape (Hebrew Eschkol = grape) must therefore have had huge proportions.
Wine is a common topic in the Bible. Vineyard occurs over 90 times, vine over 60 times and wine press 15 times. According to the Bible researcher Jürgen Becker, reference is made to wine in a total of 979 places, directly or indirectly. For comparison, this is true for Homer (8th century BC) Works Iliad and Odyssey only 49 or 85 times too. Even though beer It was not a common drink at the time, it did not have the same value. Martin Luther (1483-1546) said: Beer is human, but wine is from God . Bible Students found eight different Hebrew words translated "wine" in different languages. Not in all cases it is true wine, but partly syrup, beer-like or other alcoholic drinks from various tree and field fruits. The following names occur over 200 times:
How important viticulture was for the Israelite community is illustrated by several statements in Deuteronomy. This is a collection of preaching-type speeches and laws that Moses announced to the Israelites before entering the land of Canaan. Regarding participation in an upcoming battle (20.6) he says: Who is the man who planted a vineyard and has not yet used it? He gets up and returns to his house so he does not die in battle and another man uses him. The winemaker was up to the Virgin Reading exempted from military service and that was after all a period of three to five years. For the Israelites, safeguarding viticulture was more important than a man more in battle.
There were requirements for grape consumption in the vineyard (23.35): If you come into the vineyard of your neighbor, you may eat grapes as much as you like, you are full; but...