Common name for the locality, where wine is mostly in bottles or stored in other containers. In the original sense, this means an underground space, but the term also applies to a ground-level arrangement. Under winery, however, usually means a production site, which unlike an independent winery has no own vineyards and processed by grape producers processed grapes, as for example in Winzergenossenschaften or other processing communities. Likewise, however, winery is also used as a name for a wine shop (wine shop). The old wine cellars, which were dug below the level, were usually located next to each other in the so-called "Weinbaugen" Kellergasse and gave a typical picture. This was preceded by the actual wine cellar Presshaus in which as the name says, that Press was carried out. The press house was over the basement with the Keller tube, connected to the actual storage cellar. Often occurring in such cellars dark basement mold (also basement cat ) was or is desired.
In the fermentation arises the toxic for humans manure gas ( carbon dioxide ). In order to determine the degree of the existing gas, the extremely uncertain method of the former was used candles sample applied. The gas was previously discharged via two structural devices. That was the one in the cellar door Gärgitter and the steam pipe (Ventilation shaft). But both are only partially suitable because the carbon dioxide is heavier than air and thus collects at the bottom or at the lowest point. Today, the carbon dioxide is exhausted via exhausters and released into the open or in large cellars in containers and recycled.
A good wine cellar has one (summer and winter) temperature from around 8 to 12 ° C (is also the ideal wine temperature for most white wines) and one humidity from 70 to 80%. The ideal temperature is as uniform as possible, and strong fluctuations are far more damaging than higher temperatures, but uniform temperatures over a longer period of time. From about 20 to 25 ° Celsius, it becomes problematic because heat accelerates all chemical processes. An uncontrolled warm storage is the most common cause of premature aging of wines. Among other things, the fruit flavors are destroyed. One possible source of error is the Korkmotte who likes to lay her eggs in damp places such as corks. The hatched caterpillars can eat cork and leaking, resulting in oxidation and spoiling the wine.
A wine cellar should be dark and well ventilated, but free of draft and jarring. According to conventional doctrine, the bottles must be horizontal, so that the cork always wetted by the liquid and does not dry out. However, there are now studies that suggest a sufficient storage at sufficient humidity. Frequently becomes champagne or. sparkling wine also stored standing, as well Madeira. port wine. sherry and similar wines. The reason is carbonic acid (with sparkling wines) or high alcohol contents could damage the cork. An undamaged cork has a positive effect on the durability out.
Regarding the shelves, there are two important criteria. First, the bottles must be easily removable. It should be as few as possible or at best no bottles removed or resize to get to the desired. Furthermore, a corresponding label for attaching codes for a management system must be possible. To keep track, from a certain amount (30 bottles) is one Wine cellar management required on paper or PC program. Also in the wine cellar can additionally one Wine Cabinet make sense. Many wine shops and cellars offer the possibility to rent premises or a place. How to behave in a wine cellar is under Keller law described. The activities in the wine cellar are of every producer, trader and processor of wine cellar book respectively. See also below Customs in viticulture. bottle aging. Weingenuss. wine temperature and Wine to food,
Basement tube: from Weinviertel Tourismus - Wurnig
Kellergasse: by Egon Mark
Vaulted cellar: by nattynati on Pixabay
Fermenting grid: by Architektur Fotografie Vienna - Romana Fürnkranz
Roof pipe: from Weinviertel Tourismus - Krönigsberger
Fermentation tanks : from tatlin on Pixabay
Mouton-Rothschild: From MPW57 - Own work, Public domain , Link