Common name for the location where wine is mostly in bottles or stored in other containers. In the original sense, this means an underground room, but the term also applies to an arrangement at ground level. A winery, on the other hand, is usually a production site that, unlike an independent winery, does not have its own vineyards and processes grapes supplied by grape producers, such as at Winzergenossenschaften or other processing communities. Likewise, winery is also used as a name for a wine shop (vinotheque). The old wine cellars dug below the level were mostly located side by side in the so-called Kellergasse and gave a typical picture. That was in front of the actual wine cellar Presshaus in which, as the name says, the Press was carried out. The press house was over the basement with Keller tube, connected to the actual storage cellar. The dark one often found in such cellars basement mold (also basement cat ) was or is desired.
In the fermentation is the fermentation gas that is toxic to humans ( carbon dioxide ). To determine the level of gas present, the extremely unsafe method of candles sample applied. The gas was previously discharged through two structural devices. That was the one in the basement door Gärgitter and the steam pipe (Ventilation shaft). However, both are only suitable to a limited extent because the carbon dioxide is heavier than air and therefore collects at the bottom or at the lowest point. Today, the carbon dioxide is extracted via exhaust doors (deaerators) and led into the open air or in large wineries in containers.
A good wine cellar has one (summer and winter) temperature from around 8 to 12 ° C (is also the ideal one wine temperature for most white wines) and one humidity from 70 to 80%. A temperature that is as uniform as possible is ideal; strong fluctuations are far more damaging than somewhat higher, but uniform temperatures over a longer period of time. From around 20 to 25 ° Celsius, it becomes problematic because heat accelerates all chemical processes. Uncontrolled warm storage is the most common cause of premature aging of wines. Among other things, the fruit flavors are destroyed. Another possible source of error is Korkmotte who likes to lay her eggs in damp places such as corks. The hatched caterpillars can eat corks and cause leaks oxidation and spoil the wine.
A wine cellar should be dark and well ventilated, but free of drafts and vibrations. According to conventional doctrine, the bottles must be horizontal so that the cork is always wetted by the liquid and does not dry out. However, there are now examinations that suggest standing storage if there is sufficient humidity. Frequently champagne respectively. sparkling wine also stored upright, as well Madeira. port wine. sherry and similar wines. The reason is carbonic acid (with sparkling wines) or high alcohol levels could damage the cork. An undamaged cork has a positive effect on the durability out.
There are two important criteria regarding the shelves. First, the bottles must be easily removable. As few as possible, or at best, no bottles should be removed or resized in order to achieve the desired one. Furthermore, appropriate labeling for the application of codes for an administration system must be possible. To keep the overview, there is one from a certain amount (30 bottles) Wine cellar management on paper or PC program required. In the wine cellar you can also add a Wine Cabinet make sense. Many wine shops and wineries offer the possibility to rent premises or a place. How to behave in a wine cellar is under Keller law described. About the activities in the wine cellar is from every producer, trader and processor of wine cellar book respectively. See also under Customs in viticulture. bottle aging. Weingenuss. wine temperature and Wine with food,
Cellar tube: from Weinviertel Tourismus - Wurnig
Kellergasse: by Egon Mark
Vaulted cellar: by nattynati from Pixabay
Gärgitter: from Architektur Fotografie Wien - Romana Fürnkranz
Roof pipe: from Weinviertel Tourismus - Krönigsberger
Fermentation tanks : by tatlin from Pixabay
Mouton-Rothschild: By MPW57 - Own work, public domain , link