Wine glasses are the same despite the variety of the basic structure. They consist of foot, stem and calyx. When fireplace is the space between poured wine and upper glass edge called. The biggest difference is the shape of the chalice. The more bulbous the calyx, the larger the liquid surface. And the longer or higher the chimney, the bigger the volume. The larger the surface and the volume, the more intense the fragrances can unfold. There are also wine glasses without stem, some with handles. Such are purists only for drinking water or for simple Schank wines accepted. a Grand Vin To drink from such a glass of Bordeaux would, so to speak, mean sacrilege. The fact is that they are very popular, especially in southern countries. The result is based on classic wine glasses.
Choosing the right glasses is optimal Weingenuss almost as important as the right one wine temperature, As a guideline is to use generously proportioned glasses, the goblet tapers upwards, so that Aroma and the bouquet of the wine in the goblet. With a few exceptions, this applies to most wines. For an acidified wine, you can also Glass use, whose shell extends slightly above. White wine glasses usually have a relatively small volume, so that the wine can not heat up so quickly. Red wine glasses are large-volume, because of the large surface, the wine can absorb more oxygen and unfold its bouquet better. Above all, this phenomenon depends on the optimal ratio between surface and volume. Such glasses are also called Bordeaux glasses designated.
Sweet wine or dessert wine glasses are much smaller than other wine glasses, as a rule, you donate amounts of not larger than 0.1 liter (ie not even one eighth of a liter). The goblet is much slimmer than glasses for dry wines. But here, too, the goblet is tapered up to direct the sweetness to the tip of the tongue, where the specially designed taste buds lie and the sweetness can best be perceived. To represent the personality of the grape variety and the wine character, the correct shape of the glass must be chosen. The glass shape is therefore responsible for the optimal flow behavior of the wine from the glass to the mouth. As a result, the wine is specifically directed to the relevant flavor zones of the tongue.
As the wine on the tongue occurs (narrow, wide, front or back), it is responsible for shape, volume and diameter of the mouth edge and its nature (rolled edge, abrasive edge). The individual taste A wine is best perceived when it hits the area of the tongue, which is particularly sensitized. For sweet this is the tongue tip, for salty the front and for angry the rear tongue margin area (left and right respectively), as well as for bitter the upper tongue surface in the rear area. The first impression is the most important. All taste sensors are activated, right down to the leaving or aftertaste.
The alcohol content, the acids, the residual sugar or all under total extract Combined substances are elemental components of every wine. The task of the glass is to harmoniously present the wine. The shape of the cup determines whether the aroma can concentrate and how the wine spreads to the tongue and palate. The wine flows in a narrow stream on the tongue and recorded first the tip of the tongue. When tasting, you do not take your mouth too full, distributing the wine throughout the mouth and leaves the taste while swallowing a bit more. At professional wine reviews become special tasting glasses used, which also exists in black, in order to rely on the palate and nose.
When cleaning, make sure that no foreign odors get into the glass. Especially lead crystal glasses are prone to it. This may, for example, happen relatively easily when using a dishwashing detergent if residues of the perfumes remain in the glass. When cleaning, make sure that rancid fat residues that are not in the tea towel cause unpleasant damage. At best, use only hot water for cleaning and fresh paper towels for drying. But even water or too Mineral water can be a negative sensory Cause interference if it is heavily calcareous. For professional tastings, the cleaning is done by the Avinieren that means rinsing with the next wine. When storing, it must be ensured that odors do not enter the glass from the environment. These may be furniture polishes or freshly colored surfaces that may contain intense perfumes.
A new development is the so-called "breathable glasses" (English Breathable glass). If one believes the producers, then a wine reaches the full development of its flavors After just two to four minutes, the special glass rapidly accelerates the reaction of the wine with atmospheric oxygen. This effect is conventionally only one to two hours decanting possible. Reinhard Conradt, Professor at the Department of Glass and Ceramic Composites at RWTH Aachen, thinks a conventional scientific explanation is obvious. In his opinion, the glass could contain surface-active elements such as zinc, which cause increased oxygen transport along the contact surface between glass and wine. One should not understand the term "breathing glass" literally.
The latest trend is "square" glasses. The goblet has a "kink" compared to the conventional glasses with round-oval shape. Research has shown that this elicits more precise aromas and taste components from the wine and especially finesse and minerality be emphasized. But there are also weaknesses and wine faults more to the fore. Such glasses are therefore referred to as "analytical". This glass form is produced by the company Zalto under the brand name "Denk'Art" named after the Austrian "wine pastor" Hans Denk. Well-known wine glass brands are Eisch, Leonardo, Lobmeyer, Oneforall, Orrefors, Riedel, Stölzle, Zalto and Zwiesel. As a recent achievement, some producers fill certain wines into ready-to-drink wine glasses. This form is called Ready-to-drink designated.
See the topic also under the keywords Bordeaux glass and burgundy glass (red wine glasses), Caña and Catavino (Sherry glasses), Champagne glass. cocktail. Cognacglas. Port Wine Glass, as well as a complete list of all lens shapes and jar names under the keyword wine vessels,