For a long time, the general principle was that everything that was not expressly permitted was prohibited. The most important information about a wine today is in EU regulations regulated with mandatory and optional information and under label cited. In addition, there is additional information which serves to provide a more in-depth description and thus additional information beyond the basic knowledge to be conveyed on the main label and to meet the consumer's demand for greater differentiation and knowledge transfer. They are not part of the standard information on wine law such as bottler. producer. origin. vintage. quality group and vine, but complement them and make them more understandable. The main principle is that according to the “misleading ban”, such information must be “true” and “not misleading”.
Whether fancy names with the word component "-wein" are permitted is decided partly according to the principle of prohibition and partly according to the general ban on misleading people. Such "-wein" word combinations outside the legally standardized cases are almost without exception inadmissible because they are either suitable to mislead the consumer, namely to give the impression of a (non-existent) wine quality group, type of wine or award, or to describe a fact, for which another, but correspondingly the same term with a possibly different spelling is already only legally permitted.
The country-specific regulations also regulate the layout of the information, such as the font size of the individual information. In December 2014 the new one Food Information Regulation (LMIV) effective.
The following are therefore not permitted on the label: B. Bismarck wine European wine Goethe wine. house wine, Kanzlerwein, Meisterwein, Presidential Wine, Ratsherrenwein, summer wine. Premium wine and union wine. For drinks over 1.2% vol alcohol content everyone is Health-related prohibited on the label and in advertising statements. That's why names like blood wine, diabetics wine, Health wine, child bed wine, sick wine, Medicinal wine and Still wine also not allowed. This should make possible associations such. B. "Good or healthy for the sick, diabetic or nursing mothers" can be avoided. A Palatinate wine cooperative marketed their wine with the attribute "digestible", which was prohibited by the Rhineland-Palatinate wine control. After a complaint by the cooperative to the European Court of Justice, the result was announced in 2012: The use of "digestible" is prohibited within the EU "because it suggests maintaining good health despite the potentially harmful consumption of alcohol".
Traditional names for certain types of wine are common in many countries. However, such may have to be applied for. In Austria, for example, these are the types regulated by wine law Epiphany wine. Jubiläumswein. Virgin Wine. Leopoldiwein. Martini wine. altar wine. Nikolowein and Christmas wine, Are also allowed brand names on the label such as Maestro, Phantom, President, emerald or Solitaire, like those in Austria and Italy IGT wines (Country wines) are very popular.
Certain names express a higher or special wine quality. These are defined on a country-specific basis or regulated by wine law. These include Ausstich. selection. Classic or classic, Jubiläumswein and tradition (Austria), Premium. reserve and Selection (Germany, Austria), Grand Cru and Premier Cru (France), Classico. Riserva and Superiore (Italy), and Reserva (Portugal, Spain).
In August 2009, an extensive change in the EU wine market regulations came into force, which brought about major changes in quality levels and descriptions, among other things. See under quality system,
Complete lists of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. A further 200 wine names, which for the most part have no colloquial but only colloquial meaning, are under special wines cited. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,