As a general principle, for a long time it was forbidden to do anything that was not expressly allowed. The most important information about a wine today is in EU regulations with obligatory and optional information and under label cited. In addition, there is additional information, which should serve the in-depth description and thus the additional information beyond the basic knowledge to be conveyed on the main label and meet the consumer's desire for greater differentiation and knowledge transfer. They do not belong to the standard wine information like bottler. producer. origin. vintage. quality group and vine but complement them and make them more understandable. The top priority is that according to the "misleading ban", such information must be "true" and "not misleading".
Whether imaginary names with the word component "-wein" are permitted is determined in part according to the prohibition principle and partly according to the general ban on misleading. Such "wine" word connections outside of the normed cases are almost invariably inadmissible because they are either liable to mislead the consumer, namely to give the impression of a (non-existent) wine quality group, type of wine or distinction, or to describe a situation, for which another but analogously identical term with perhaps different spelling is already exclusively permitted by law.
The country-specific regulations also regulate the layout of the information, such as the font size of the individual details. In December 2014, the new Food Information Regulation (LMIV) effective.
Inadmissible on the label are therefore z. B. Bismarck wine, European wine, Goethe wine. house wine, Chancellor's wine, master wine, presidential wine, council wine, summer wine. Premium wine and association wine. For beverages over 1.2% vol alcohol content is any Health-related prohibited on the label and in advertising. That's why names like blood wine, diabetics wine, Health Wine, Child Bed Wine, sick wine, Medicinal wine and Still wine also not allowed. This should be possible associations such. B. "good or healthy for the sick, diabetics or lactating mothers" are avoided. A Palatine wine cooperative marketed their wine with the attribute "digestible", which was prohibited by the wine control of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Following a complaint by the cooperative to the European Court of Justice, the result was announced in 2012: the use of "wholesome" is banned within the EU, "because it suggests the maintenance of good health despite the potentially damaging consumption of alcohol".
Traditional names for certain types of wine are common in many countries. However, such must be requested if necessary. In Austria, for example, these are the wine-regulated types Epiphany wine. Jubiläumswein. Virgin Wine. Leopoldiwein. Martini wine. altar wine. Nikolowein and Christmas wine, Also allowed brand names on the label such as Maestro, Phantom, President, emerald or Solitaire, as in Austria and Italy IGT wines (Country wines) are very popular.
With certain names a higher or special wine quality is expressed. These are defined country-specific or regulated by wine law. That's among other things Ausstich. selection. Classic or classic, Jubiläumswein and tradition (Austria), Premium. reserve and Selection (Germany, Austria), Grand Cru and Premier Cru (France), Classico. Riserva and Superiore (Italy), as well Reserva (Portugal, Spain).,
Complete lists of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Another approximately 200 wine names, but for the most part have no wine law, but only colloquial meaning, are under special wines cited. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,