Overview or written list of the alcoholic products, services and prices offered by a gastronomic company. As a rule, this includes not only wines, but also spirits. beers and non-alcoholic drinks included. In some cases, a wine list also lists the conditions for enjoying the wines you bring with you, for example in closed societies (see under corkage ). Most of the time, the wine list is included in a menu and is only kept in more sophisticated restaurants with a larger wine offering. In most cases, printed works in bound or stapled form are used for this, but information can also be provided by means of inscriptions on billboards and posters.
Information about the range of food and drinks in a restaurant was certainly already in the antiquity especially among the Romans and Greeks. A colored custom picture of the eating and drinking culture The Roman poet depicts the Roman upper class in the first century Petronius (+66) in his famous work Satyricon, In the city destroyed when the Vesuvius erupted in 79 Pompeii Price lists for wines were found during the excavations on the wall of taverns. Among other things, the famous Falernian Offered: You get wine for an ace, the best for two aces and Falerner for four aces . Also in Egyptian tombs such as the Pharaoh Tut-Ench-Amun Wine lists were found, but they more likely corresponded to inventories.
Menu and drink menus in their current form only emerged in Europe with the appearance of better restaurants in the 17th century and were initially reserved for such places. In simple inns, the guest was informed orally about the offer, because firstly it was usually not very extensive and secondly most people could not read it. Later it was customary to hang capital letters on the wall in the inns, which provided information about the food and drinks available. Today the wine list (menu) is the business card for a restaurant.
Only if there is a larger selection, and not just four or five wines or maybe only "red wine or white wine" at all, can one assume that wine culture is cultivated in this restaurant. From the gourmet guide A la carte one to three bottles are awarded for the wine culture (wine selection, glass culture, service) of a restaurant. In top catering establishments there are wine lists with often several hundred labels, To “read” these correctly and the right ones Wine with the dishes Choosing requires good knowledge. It's no shame to get away from one sommelier seek advice.
There is an original wine list in the "Alte Burg" restaurant in Dreieich-Dreieichenhain south of Frankfurt a. M. (Hessen). In this a story is told in the form of single-layer names: After a young man with the "Hallgartener Jungfrau" the "Klüsserather brotherhood ”Had drunk, he went with her on the“ Wawerner Ritterpfad ”, raised her“ Trabener Brautrock ”and removed the“ Wachenheimer ”with the“ Oestricher Hand ” junk ", Took hold of her" Naumburger Engelgrube "and intoxicated on her" Liebfraumilch ". Then he put it with the " Kröver's naked ass ”On a low, mossy“ Zeltinger Steinmauer ”, which for him is an“ Ockfener Bockstein ”Was what the“ Brauneberger Juffer (Jungfer) ”received her first racking.
Now the young man took out his “Nackenheimer stem” and stuck it with an elegant “Thörnischer” Ritsch ”In their“ Zeller Schwarze Katz ”, on which a“ Piesporter Goldtröpfchen “Hung. Both were now in the “Graacher Heaven ". But after a few days he had a "Brauneberg rabbit runner" and the "Zeltinger Rotlay" stayed away from her. Therefore, she had to go to the “Bernkasteler Doctor " go. The father had got wind of it and kicked the youth with the strength of an “Oppenheimer bag carrier "In his" Rüdesheim rear house ". You damned “Eschendorfer bounder ", You" Kallstadter pig's stomach "He shouted at him, drove to the" Merder Hell "and threw the" Erdener podium “Down .
Now a small list of restaurants that can compete for first place in the league "most extensive or most original wine list in the world". The "Bremer Ratskeller" was founded in 1405 and is one of the oldest wine cellars in Germany. In the 14th and 15th centuries, you could only choose between two variants of "Rhenish Wine", the "common" and the "better". Today, the wine list includes 650 names, all of which are German wines. In the restaurant "Gasthof Schwarzer Adler" in the municipality Vogtsburg-Oberbergen in Baden-Württemberg (winery Franz basement, cellar ) The wine list includes 2,000 items, with the main focus on Bordeaux wines.
One of the top candidates in Austria is the "Berghotel Tulbingerkogel" near Wien, The house wine list includes a total of 1,300 labels from all over the world. In the restaurant guide of the Wine Spectator, in which the wine lists of over 400 restaurants worldwide are rated, this restaurant has already received the "Award of Excellence" 15 times. The "Harveys Restaurant" in Bristol (England) in the house of the famous wine trading company Harvey's supposedly has one of the most extensive wine offerings in the world. In the German Wine Museum in Oppenheim there is a wine list collection with about 50 exhibits from the 19th and 20th centuries, which are important in terms of history, scope, design, content and position of the restaurants.
The record holder is clearly the world famous restaurant La Tour d'Argent in Paris, where 450,000 wines are stored in its cellar. See also under “Wine and food culture” decanting. cooking wine. most expensive wines. wine address. wine review. Weingenuss. wine glasses. wine cellar. wine temperature and Wine with food,