Overview or written list of the offered alcoholic products, services and prices of a gastronomic company. In it are usually not just wines, but also spirits. beers and soft drinks included. By way of example, the conditions for the enjoyment of brought wines in, for example, closed companies are listed in a wine list (see under corkage ). In most cases, the wine list is included in a menu and is only listed in more upmarket restaurants from a larger wine offer. In most cases, printed matter in bound or stapled form is used for this, but the information can also be provided by inscriptions on notice boards and posters.
Information about the offer of food and drinks of a restaurant was certainly already in the antiquity especially among the Romans and Greeks. A colorful moral picture of the dining and drinking culture the Roman upper class in the first century depicts the Roman poet Petronius (+66) in his famous work Satyricon, In the city destroyed at the Vesuvius eruption in 79 Pompeii During the excavations on the wall of taverns you could find price lists for wines. Among other things, the famous Falernian offered: For one ace you get wine, for two ace the best and for four as Falerner . Also in Egyptian tombs such as the pharaoh Tut-Ench-Amun Wine lists were found, but they were more likely to take stock.
Food and beverage cards in their present form have only emerged in Europe with the emergence of better dining places in the 17th century and were initially reserved for such localities. In simple inns, the guest was informed verbally about the offer, because first, this was usually not very extensive and second, most people could not read. Later it was customary to hang in the inns capitalized tablets on the wall, which informed about the existing food and drinks. Today, the wine list (menu) is the calling card for a local.
Only if there is a wider choice, and not just four or five wines or maybe just "red wine or white wine", can one assume that in this local wine culture is maintained. From the gourmet guide A la carte One to three bottles are awarded for the wine culture (wine selection, glass culture, service) of a restaurant. In top restaurants, there are wine lists with often several hundred labels, To read this correctly and the right one Wine to the dishes to select, requires good knowledge. It is no shame to break away from one sommelier seek advice.
An original wine list is available in the restaurant "Alte Burg" in Dreieich-Dreieichenhain south of Frankfurt a. M. (Hesse). This is a story told in the form of single-layer designations: After a young man with the "Hallgarten Jungfrau" the "Klüsserather brotherhood "Had drunk, he went with her over the" Wawerner Ritterpfad ", picked her up the" Trabener bride skirt "and eliminated with the" Oestricher hand "the" Wachenheimer junk ", Summoned her" Naumburg Engelgrube "and intoxicated herself with her" Liebfraumilch ". Then he put her with the " Kröver nude ass "On a low, mossy" Zeltinger stone wall ", which for him a" Ockfener Bockstein "Was, what in earlier years the" Brauneberger Juffer (Virgin) "received her first tap.
Now the boy took out his "Nackenheim stalk" and stuck it with an elegant "Thörnischer" Ritsch "Into her" Zeller Schwarze Katz ", where a" Piesporter Goldtröpfchen "Hung. Both were now in the "Graacher Heaven ". But after a few days he had a "Brown Hare Runner" and with her the "Zeltinger Rotlay" stayed out. It therefore had to become "Bernkasteler Doctor " go. The father had got wind of it and joined the youth with the power of a "Oppenheimer bag carrier "Into his" Rüdesheimer Hinterhaus ". You damned "Eschendorfer bounder ", You" Kallstadter pig's stomach "He shouted at him, drive into the" Merder hell "and threw the youth the" Erdener podium "Down .
Now a small list of restaurants that can compete for first place in the league's "most extensive or original wine list in the world". The "Bremer Ratskeller" was founded in 1405 and is one of the oldest wine cellars in Germany. In the 14th and 15th centuries, one could only choose between two variants "Rhenish wine", which were the "common" and the "better". Today, the wine list includes 650 names, all of which are German wines. In the restaurant "Gasthof Schwarzer Adler" in the municipality Vogtsburg-Oberbergen in Baden-Württemberg (Winery Franz basement, cellar ) the wine list includes 2,000 items, with a focus on Bordeaux wines.
In Austria one of the top candidates is the "Berghotel Tulbingerkogel" near by Wien, The wine list of the house includes a total of 1,300 labels from all over the world. In the restaurant guide of the Wine Spectator, where the wine lists from over 400 restaurants worldwide are rated, this restaurant has already 15 times the "Award of Excellence". The "Harvey's Restaurant" in Bristol (England) in the house of the famous wine trading company Harvey's is said to have one of the most extensive wine listings in the world. In the German Wine Museum in Oppenheim, there is a collection of wine lists with about 50 exhibits from the 19th and 20th centuries, which are important in terms of history, size, design, content and position of the restaurants.
The record holder is clearly the world famous restaurant La Tour d'Argent in Paris, in whose cellar 450,000 wines are stored. See also under "Wine and Food Culture" decanting. cooking wine. most expensive wines. wine address. wine review. Weingenuss. wine glasses. wine cellar. wine temperature and Wine to food,