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Wine production volumes

Grapes are grown in about 100 of the more than 200 countries in the world. In most of them, too, with varying proportions Wine generated from it. For the production of quality wine are certain climatic and weather even Requirements required (see under Weinbauwürdigkeit ). Areas with optimal conditions for viticulture are usually relatively small (see under ancestry ). The following remarks cover the worldwide vineyards as well as the worldwide production of wine. The source for that was that OIV Bulletin of the year 2012 (the year most recently published there). The vast majority of the vineyards lies in the vines belts from 40th to 50th north and from 30th to 40th degree south latitude:

Wine production quantities - World map with wine growing areas

After strong growth until the end of the 1970s, the vineyards were constantly declining, especially in Europe until the late 1990s. The main reasons were from the mid-1980s that of the then Secretary General Mikhail Gorbachev (* 1931) decreed grubbing-up program as a measure against the alcoholism in the USSR, as well as the grubbing-up premiums in the European Union, which is particularly evident in Italy. France and Spain affected. The three-year deadline for the EU granting premiums for the permanent abandonment of vineyards expired in 2011. The vineyards reached their lowest level since 1950. Nevertheless, there was a worldwide Excess production that is, about 5 to 10% more wine is produced than consumed. Within the EU, therefore, there were precautionary countermeasures such as compulsory distillation,

In the period from 1998 to 2002, there was an increase again, but since 2003, world vineyards are declining again, although grape production has increased. That's on higher yield especially the Asian producers with the practiced there artificial irrigation due. In Europe, there was a reduction of 885,000 hectares between 2000 and 2012 (18%). The world's surface area fell by 221,000 hectares (3%) in these 12 years. There was strong growth in Asia especially in China and India with 377,000 hectares (27%) and America with 151,000 hectares (17%). In Asia, a significant proportion of vineyards is devoted to the production of non-wine products, in particular India, Iran. Turkey and Syria,

vineyards

In terms of vineyards A distinction is made between yield area (harvested from the grapes), stocked vineyard area (including not yet sustainable area) and total vineyard area (including the unplanted area) fallow ). The following numbers represent the bestockte vineyard. The grapes are divided into wine grapes ( grapes ) table grapes and dried grapes for the raisin production, In 2012, the worldwide total amount of wine grapes was around 60%. The total vineyard area of 2012 with 74,870 km² is roughly equivalent Austria (84,000 km²) or one fifth Germany (357,000 km²). The vineyards in 1,000 hectares compared the two years 2000 with 2012 ( Oceania = Australia and New Zealand ):

YEAR WORLD EUROPE AFRICA ASIA AMERICA OCEANIA
2000 7,708 = 100% 4,978 = 65% 320 = 4% 1,424 = 19% 869 = 11% 117 = 2%
2012 7,487 = 100% 4,093 = 55% 372 = 5% 1,801 = 24% 1,020 = 14% 200 = 3%

winemaking

In 2012, a total of 258 million hectoliters or 25.8 billion liters of wine were produced worldwide. That's equivalent to 34.4 billion 0.75-liter bouteillen or a cube with 300 meters side. But only about half of it will actually be in bottles the other half into others container bottled. The high share of Europe in wine production with about two-thirds compared to "only" 55% vines shows on the one hand the higher proportion of table grapes and raisins in the other continents, and on the other hand the lower yields and thus higher quality wine quantities in Europe. About one third of the wine quantity was exported (see under wine trade ). The volume of wine produced in millions of hectoliters compared with the two years 2000 with 2012:

YEAR WORLD EUROPE AFRICA ASIA AMERICA OCEANIA
2000 273 = 100% 199 = 73% 9.1 = 3% 11.7 = 4% 44.8 = 16% 8 = 3%
2012 258 = 100% 165 = 64% 11.9 = 4% 15.5 = 6% 51.7 = 20% 14.2 = 5%

wine producing countries

A list of countries ranked according to the vineyard in 2012 makes it clear that the ranking after the wine production is sometimes completely different. Such is the example Turkey only in 32nd place in production, but in 5th place after the vineyard. The reason is simply that there (also due to the alcohol ban for believing Muslims) are produced for the most part table grapes or raisins. The biggest growth is in China, where vineyards have more than tripled in just 12 years. Many significant wine Company invest there to the climate Change Dodge - because China benefits from it. Other big climbers since 2000 regarding vineyards were special Australia. Chile and New Zealand, big relegated Bulgaria. Croatia. Mexico. Tajikistan. Hungary and Cyprus,

COUNTRY PRODUCTION 1,000 HL AREA HECTAR
YEAR 2000 2012 2000 2012
Spain 34162 31123 1,184.000 1,017.000
France 56271 41548 915000 792000
Italy 54386 45616 909000 713000
China 9581 13511 218000 706000
Turkey 311 546 584000 497000
United States (including California) 20386 21650 376000 412000
California 18,000 18,000 320000 320000
Portugal 6828 6327 257000 233000
Iran ? ? 274000 226000
Argentina 13456 11778 208000 222000
Chile 5066 12554 147000 206000
Romania 6173 3311 253000 192000
Australia 7380 12259 106000 162000
Moldova 2151 1470 162000 142000
South Africa 7837 10569 112000 135000
Uzbekistan 564 390 103000 121000
India 114 146 44,000 120000
Greece 3832 3115 131000 110000
Germany 9989 9012 104000 102000
Brazil 2920 2967 59,000 91,000
Ukraine 1414 2400 125000 78,000
Algeria 391 492 59,000 74,000
Egypt 27 45 58,000 71,000
Bulgaria 2811 1442 113000 67,000
Afghanistan ? ? 52,000 62,000
Russia 2512 6220 76,000 62,000
Hungary 4126 1818 126000 52,000
Syria ? ? 75,000 49,000
Georgia 1503 830 76,000 48,000
Morocco 350 345 49,000 48,000
Austria 2351 2125 50,000 44,000
Serbia 1933 2175 ? 44,000
Tajikistan 74 2 34,000 44,000
New Zealand 568 1940 11,000 38,000
Croatia 2096 1293 59,000 29,000
Mexico 1340 389 43,000 29,000
turkmenistan 317 390 28,000 29,000
Peru 150 650 11,000 26,000
Northern Macedonia 1069 781 30,000 23,000
Tunisia 365 284 28,000 21,000
Slovakia 482 384 22,000 20,000
Japan 949 800 22,000 19,000
South Korea ? ? 31,000 18,000
Armenia 50 58 18,000 17,000
Pakistan ? ? 10,000 17,000
Czech Republic 514 470 13,000 17,000
Azerbaijan 129 79 44,000 16,000
Slovenia 476 507 17,000 16,000
Switzerland 1222 1004 15,000 15,000
Yemen ? ? 24,000 14,000
Lebanon 188 90 18,000 14,000
Kazakhstan 179 155 12,000 13,000
Iraq ? ? 14,000 12,000
Canada 403 570 8000 12,000
Albania 153 190 5000 10,000
Libya ? ? 8000 9000
Montenegro 163 174 ? 9000
Uruguay 999 962 10,000 9000
Cyprus 586 107 20,000 9000
Israel 85 270 6000 8000
Bosnia Herzegovina 46 56 4000 6000
Kyrgyzstan 21 13 8000 6000
Bolivia 20 73 4000 5000
Thailand ? ? 3000 5000
Jordan ? ? 4000 4000
Madagascar 89 84 2000 3000
Taiwan ? ? 3000 3000
Malta 35 22 1000 2000
Tanzania ? ? 2000 2000
Venezuela ? ? 1000 2000
England 14 8th 900 1200
Luxembourg 136 85 1000 1000
Poland ? ? 300 300
Netherlands ? ? 200 200
Ireland ? ? 100 100
Belgium 3 3 30 30
Liechtenstein ? ? 25 25

Other countries are Ethiopia. bhutan. Denmark. ecuador. Estonia. Finland. Indonesia. Cape Verde. Kenya. Cuba. Laos. Latvia. Lithuania. Myanmar (Burma), Namibia. Nepal. Norway. Paraguay. Philippines. Sweden. Sri Lanka. Uganda. Vietnam. Wales. Belarus and Zimbabwe,

Additional information

See also the keywords Africa. Asia. Europe. New world. South America and United States, Further information about the topic can be found under northernmost vineyard. southernmost vineyard. highest vineyard. largest wine companies in the world. largest wine region / vineyard in the world and smallest vineyards & vineyards, A complete list of all grapevine relevant keywords is under grapevine contain.

Graphics: The Winzer 1 - Weinbau, Ulmer Verlag 2019, 4th edition

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