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0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Wine production volumes

Grapes are grown in around 100 of the more than 200 countries around the world. Most of them will have different proportions too Wine generated from it. For the production of quality wine are certain climatic and weather even Requirements required (see under Weinbauwürdigkeit ). Areas with optimal conditions for viticulture are usually relatively small (see under origin ). The following explanations deal with the worldwide vineyards as well as the worldwide production of wine. That was the source of it OIV Bulletin of the year 2012 (the last year currently published there). The vast majority of the vineyards are in the vines belts from 40th to 50th north and from 30th to 40th degree south latitude:

Wine production quantities - world map with wine-growing areas

After the strong growth until the end of the 1970s, especially in Europe the vineyards were in constant decline until the end of the 1990s. The main reasons from the mid-1980s were that of the then General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev (* 1931) decreed grubbing-up program as a measure against the alcoholism in the USSR, as well as the grubbing-up premiums in the European Union, which is particularly evident in Italy. France and Spain affected. The three-year period in which the EU granted premiums for the permanent abandonment of vineyards expired in 2011. The vineyards reached their lowest level since 1950. Nevertheless, there was a worldwide Excess production, which means that around 5 to 10% more wine is produced than was consumed. Preventive countermeasures such as compulsory distillation,

There was an increase again in the period 1998 to 2002, but since 2003 the global vine area has decreased again, although the production of grapes has increased. That is on higher yield especially the Asian producers with the artificial ones practiced there irrigation due. In Europe, there was a reduction of 885,000 hectares (18%) between 2000 and 2012. The global area decreased by 221,000 hectares (3%) in these 12 years. There was strong growth in Asia especially in China and India with 377,000 hectares (27%) and America with 151,000 hectares (17%). In Asia, a significant proportion of the area under vines is intended for the production of non-wine products, in particular India. Iran. Turkey and Syria,

vineyards

In terms of vineyards A distinction is made between the area under vines (from which grapes are harvested), the area under vines (including areas not yet viable) and the total area under vines (including unplanted areas) fallow ). The following numbers represent the area under vines. The grapes are divided into wine grapes ( grapes ) table grapes and dried grapes for the raisin production, In 2012 the global total amount of wine grapes was around 60%. The total vine area in 2012 with 74,870 km² corresponds approximately Austria (84,000 km²) or a fifth Germany (357,000 km²). The vineyards in 1,000 hectares compared the two years 2000 with 2012 ( Oceania = Australia and New Zealand ):

YEAR WORLD EUROPE AFRICA ASIA AMERICA OCEANIA
2000 7,708 = 100% 4,978 = 65% 320 = 4% 1,424 = 19% 869 = 11% 117 = 2%
2012 7,487 = 100% 4,093 = 55% 372 = 5% 1,801 = 24% 1,020 = 14% 200 = 3%

winemaking

In 2012, a total of 258 million hectoliters or 25.8 billion liters of wine were produced worldwide. This corresponds to 34.4 billion 0.75 liter bags or a cube with a side length of 300 meters. Only around half of it is actually in bottles, the other half in others container bottled. The high share of Europe in wine production with around two thirds, in contrast to the vineyard area with “only” 55%, shows on the one hand the higher share of table grapes and raisins in other parts of the world, and on the other hand the lower yields and thus higher quality wine quantities in Europe. Around a third of the wine volume was exported (see under wine trade ). The wine production quantities in million hectoliters in the comparison of the two years 2000 with 2012:

YEAR WORLD EUROPE AFRICA ASIA AMERICA OCEANIA
2000 273 = 100% 199 = 73% 9.1 = 3% 11.7 = 4% 44.8 = 16% 8 = 3%
2012 258 = 100% 165 = 64% 11.9 = 4% 15.5 = 6% 51.7 = 20% 14.2 = 5%

wine producing countries

A list of the countries according to the area under vines in 2012 shows that the ranking according to the wine production is in part completely different. For example, that is Turkey only in 32nd place in production, but in 5th place after the vineyard. The reason is simply that there (also because of the alcohol ban for devout Muslims) table grapes or raisins are predominantly produced. China has the greatest growth, the area under vines has increased more than three times in just 12 years. Many important ones wine Company invest there to that climate Change dodge - because China benefits from it. Other great climbers in terms of vineyards since 2000 were special Australia. Chile and New Zealand, great relegation Bulgaria. Croatia. Mexico. Tajikistan. Hungary and Cyprus,

COUNTRY PRODUCTION 1,000 HL VINE AREA HECTARE
YEAR 2000 2012 2000 2012
Spain 34162 31123 1,184.000 1,017.000
France 56271 41548 915000 792000
Italy 54386 45616 909000 713000
China 9581 13511 218000 706000
Turkey 311 546 584000 497000
United States (including California) 20386 21650 376000 412000
California 18,000 18,000 320000 320000
Portugal 6828 6327 257000 233000
Iran ? ? 274000 226000
Argentina 13456 11778 208000 222000
Chile 5066 12554 147000 206000
Romania 6173 3311 253000 192000
Australia 7380 12259 106000 162000
Moldova 2151 1470 162000 142000
South Africa 7837 10569 112000 135000
Uzbekistan 564 390 103000 121000
India 114 146 44,000 120000
Greece 3832 3115 131000 110000
Germany 9989 9012 104000 102000
Brazil 2920 2967 59,000 91,000
Ukraine 1414 2400 125000 78,000
Algeria 391 492 59,000 74,000
Egypt 27 45 58,000 71,000
Bulgaria 2811 1442 113000 67,000
Afghanistan ? ? 52,000 62,000
Russia 2512 6220 76,000 62,000
Hungary 4126 1818 126000 52,000
Syria ? ? 75,000 49,000
Georgia 1503 830 76,000 48,000
Morocco 350 345 49,000 48,000
Austria 2351 2125 50,000 44,000
Serbia 1933 2175 ? 44,000
Tajikistan 74 2 34,000 44,000
New Zealand 568 1940 11,000 38,000
Croatia 2096 1293 59,000 29,000
Mexico 1340 389 43,000 29,000
turkmenistan 317 390 28,000 29,000
Peru 150 650 11,000 26,000
Northern Macedonia 1069 781 30,000 23,000
Tunisia 365 284 28,000 21,000
Slovakia 482 384 22,000 20,000
Japan 949 800 22,000 19,000
South Korea ? ? 31,000 18,000
Armenia 50 58 18,000 17,000
Pakistan ? ? 10,000 17,000
Czech Republic 514 470 13,000 17,000
Azerbaijan 129 79 44,000 16,000
Slovenia 476 507 17,000 16,000
Switzerland 1222 1004 15,000 15,000
Yemen ? ? 24,000 14,000
Lebanon 188 90 18,000 14,000
Kazakhstan 179 155 12,000 13,000
Iraq ? ? 14,000 12,000
Canada 403 570 8000 12,000
Albania 153 190 5000 10,000
Libya ? ? 8000 9000
Montenegro 163 174 ? 9000
Uruguay 999 962 10,000 9000
Cyprus 586 107 20,000 9000
Israel 85 270 6000 8000
Bosnia Herzegovina 46 56 4000 6000
Kyrgyzstan 21 13 8000 6000
Bolivia 20 73 4000 5000
Thailand ? ? 3000 5000
Jordan ? ? 4000 4000
Madagascar 89 84 2000 3000
Taiwan ? ? 3000 3000
Malta 35 22 1000 2000
Tanzania ? ? 2000 2000
Venezuela ? ? 1000 2000
England 14 8th 900 1200
Luxembourg 136 85 1000 1000
Poland ? ? 300 300
Netherlands ? ? 200 200
Ireland ? ? 100 100
Belgium 3 3 30 30
Liechtenstein ? ? 25 25

Other countries are Ethiopia. bhutan. Denmark. ecuador. Estonia. Finland. Indonesia. Cape Verde. Kenya. Cuba. Laos. Latvia. Lithuania. Myanmar (Burma), Namibia. Nepal. Norway. Paraguay. Philippines. Sweden. Sri Lanka. Uganda. Vietnam. Wales. Belarus and Zimbabwe,

Additional information

See also under the keywords Africa. Asia. Europe. New world. South America and United States, Further information on the topic is available at northernmost vineyard. southernmost vineyard. highest vineyard. largest wine companies in the world. largest wine region / vineyard in the world and smallest vineyards & vineyards, A complete list of all grape-relevant keywords can be found at grapevine contain.

Graphics: Der Winzer 1 - Weinbau, Ulmer Verlag 2019, 4th edition

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