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wine Schröter

Term for the old profession of a "wine shipper", which was extremely important. The Middle High German word "to scrap" means "to grind" or "to pull". The task was to transport the full wine barrels from the wine cellars on wagons and partly from there on ships. In Rüdesheim Schröter services were a civic duty and an office. The Schröter orders in the Rheingau communities were not uniform. The Rüdesheim Schröter order has existed since the 14th century. She prohibited the carrying of weapons at work and prescribed a moral way of life. The municipal council hired suitable citizens for several years as Schröter and had one of them sworn in as Schrötermeister. The Schrötermeister had to ensure punctual and fair service, for breeding and order among the Schröter and for the correct settlement of the shot fees. In addition, he was personally liable for the wine until delivery to the driver.

Demonstration of scraping in Bingen / Schröter with a shot boom and shot ladder 1515
Left: By Ralf Engelberger - photographed by himself, CC BY-SA 3.0 , link
Right picture: Nuremberg house books , public domain, link

As a rule, the Schröter team consisted of 6 to 12 men, each of whom had a specific task. The crockery consisted of lifting irons, poles, trees, winches (reels), rope work, candlelight, tools for mending barrels, bung, as well as a leather pouch with sledge and bacon rinds as a lubricant. The most important tool, however, was the shot ladder, which consisted of two interconnected “wine trees” with arched spars. This was a kind of rail on which the barrels were moved up in the basement. Due to the enormous weight of the barrels and the narrow, steep stairs in the cellar vaults, the work was extremely difficult. The Schrötermeister first examined the barrel to see if it was tight and without broken staves closed the bung carefully with the cross disc and secured it with a drum sheet.

Now that was barrel brought to the foot of the basement stairs. Here the long shot ladder was placed on the steps, the barrel was wrapped with the loops of two strong shot ropes and then slowly pulled up “over the hand”. The Schrötermeister did not specify the work cycle with "Hau-Ruck" (this only applies to carpenters), but with "At the same time". Then the barrel was loaded onto the shotgun cart and taken to the shipping location such as that Rhine hazards. There a floating crane hoisted the barrels into the ship. Immediately after the shot, the master Schröter collected the shot money from the merchant, as it was laid down in the Schröter order. Incidentally, this profession existed not only for wine but also for wine beer transport, The Schröter system existed well into the 19th century, until after the invention of the wine pump this profession gradually became superfluous and died out. See also under drum types and wine vessels, as well as a list of old professions and customs under the keyword Customs in viticulture,

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