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wine Schröter

Name for the old profession of a "wine shipper", which had an enormous importance. The Middle High German word "schröten" means "grind" or "draw". The task was the transport of the full wine barrels from the wine cellars on wagons and partly from there to ships. In Rüdesheim Schröterdienste was a civic duty and an office. The Schröter orders in the Rheingau communities were not uniform. The Rüdesheim Schröterordnung existed since the 14th century. She forbade the wearing of weapons at work and prescribed a civilized way of life. The council obliged suitable citizens for several years as Schröter and swore one of them as Schrötermeister. The Schrötermeister had to ensure punctual and fair service, breeding and order among the shredders and correct billing of the scrap fees. In addition, he was personally responsible for the wine until the handover to the carter.

Demonstration of chafing in Bingen / Schröter with a shotgun and 1515 shotgun
Picture left: By Ralf Engelberger - self-photographed, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Picture right: Nuremberg Housebooks , Public domain, Link

As a rule, the Schröter team consisted of 6 to 12 men, each of whom had a specific task. The shotgun consisted of hoists, rods, trees, winches (reels), rope work, candlelight, tools for mending barrels, spits, and a leather bag with Unschlitt and bacon rinds as a sliding mass. The most important aid, however, was the shotgun ladder, which consisted of two interconnected "wine trees" with arched spars. This was a kind of rail on which the barrels in the basement were moved upwards. Due to the enormous weight of the barrels and the narrow, steep stairs in the cellar vaults, the work was extremely difficult. The Schrötermeister first examined the keg, whether it was dense or broken staves be shut up bung carefully with the cross disc and secured them by a barrel plate.

Now that became barrel brought to the foot of the basement stairs. Here, the long shotgun ladder was placed on the steps, surrounded the barrel with the loops of two strong shotgun ropes and then slowly pulled up "over the hand". The Schrötermeister did not give the work stroke "Hau-Ruck" (that applies only to carpenters), but with "Zu-gleich". Then the keg was loaded onto the barrow and transported to the place of shipment, such as the Rhine hazards. There, a floating crane hoisted the barrels into the ship. Immediately after the crunching the Schrötermeister the merchant cashed the shotgun money, as determined in the Schröterordnung. Incidentally, this profession was not just for wine but also for wine beer transport, The Schröterwesen existed well into the 19th century, until finally after the invention of the wine pump, this profession gradually became superfluous and died out. See also below drum types and wine vessels, as well as a list of old professions and customs under the keyword Customs in viticulture,

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