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wine statistics

Grapes are grown in around 100 of the more than 200 countries around the world. Most of them will have different proportions too Wine generated from it. For the production of quality wine are certain climatic and weather even Requirements required (see under Weinbauwürdigkeit ). Areas with optimal conditions for viticulture are usually relatively small (see under origin ). The following explanations deal with the worldwide vineyards as well as the worldwide production of wine. That was the source of it OIV Bulletin of the year 2012 (the last year currently published there). The vast majority of the vineyards are in the vines belts from 40th to 50th north and from 30th to 40th degree south latitude:

Wine production quantities - world map with wine-growing areas

After the strong growth until the end of the 1970s, especially in Europe the vineyards were in constant decline until the end of the 1990s. The main reasons from the mid-1980s were that of the then General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev (* 1931) decreed grubbing-up program as a measure against the alcoholism in the USSR, as well as the grubbing-up premiums in the European Union, which is particularly evident in Italy. France and Spain affected. The three-year period in which the EU granted premiums for the permanent abandonment of vineyards expired in 2011. The vineyards reached their lowest level since 1950. Nevertheless, there was a worldwide Excess production, which means that around 5 to 10% more wine is produced than was consumed. Preventive countermeasures such as compulsory distillation,

There was an increase again in the period 1998 to 2002, but since 2003 the global vine area has decreased again, although the production of grapes has increased. That is on higher yield especially the Asian producers with the artificial ones practiced there irrigation due. In Europe, there was a reduction of 885,000 hectares (18%) between 2000 and 2012. The global area decreased by 221,000 hectares (3%) in these 12 years. There was strong growth in Asia especially in China and India with 377,000 hectares (27%) and America with 151,000 hectares (17%). In Asia, a significant proportion of the area under vines is intended for the production of non-wine products, in particular India. Iran. Turkey and Syria,


In terms of vineyards A distinction is made between the area under vines (from which grapes are harvested), the area under vines (including areas not yet viable) and the total area under vines (including unplanted areas) fallow ). The following numbers represent the area under vines. The grapes are divided into wine grapes ( grapes ) table grapes and dried grapes for the raisin production, In 2012 the global total amount of wine grapes was around 60%. The total vine area in 2012 with 74,870 km² corresponds approximately Austria (84,000 km²) or a fifth Germany (357,000 km²). The vineyards in 1,000 hectares compared the two years 2000 with 2012 ( Oceania = Australia and New Zealand ):

2000 7,708 = 100% 4,978 = 65% 320 = 4% 1,424 = 19% 869 = 11% 117 = 2%
2012 7,487 = 100% 4,093 = 55% 372 = 5% 1,801 = 24% 1,020 = 14% 200 = 3%


In 2012, a total of 258 million hectoliters or 25.8 billion liters of wine were produced worldwide. This corresponds to 34.4 billion 0.75 liter bags or a cube with a side length of 300 meters. Only around half of it is actually in bottles, the other half in others container bottled. The high share of Europe in wine production with around two thirds, in contrast to the vineyard area with “only” 55%, shows on the one hand the higher share of table grapes and raisins in other parts of the world, and on the other hand the lower yields and thus higher quality wine quantities in Europe. Around a third of the wine volume was exported (see under wine trade ). The wine production quantities in million hectoliters in the comparison of the two years 2000 with 2012:

2000 273 = 100% 199 = 73% 9.1 = 3% 11.7 = 4% 44.8 = 16% 8 = 3%
2012 258 = 100% 165 = 64% 11.9 = 4% 15.5 = 6% 51.7 = 20% 14.2 = 5%

wine producing countries

A list of the countries according to the area under vines in 2012 shows that the ranking according to the wine production is in part completely different. For example, that is Turkey only in 32nd place in production, but in 5th place after the vineyard. The reason is simply that there (also because of the alcohol ban for devout Muslims) table grapes or raisins are predominantly produced. China has the greatest growth, the area under vines has increased more than three times in just 12 years. Many important ones wine Company invest there to that climate Change dodge - because China benefits from it. Other great climbers in terms of vineyards since 2000 were special Australia. Chile and New Zealand, great relegation Bulgaria. Croatia. Mexico. Tajikistan. Hungary and Cyprus,

YEAR 2000 2012 2000 2012
Spain 34162 31123 1,184.000 1,017.000
France 56271 41548 915000 792000
Italy 54386 45616 909000 713000
China 9581 13511 218000 706000
Turkey 311 546 584000 497000
United States (including California) 20386 21650 376000 412000
California 18,000 18,000 320000 320000
Portugal 6828 6327 257000 233000
Iran ? ? 274000 226000

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