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wine vessels

Vessels for storing wine and other alcoholic beverages have been around since they were produced. Already the Egyptian knew the glassmaking and used glass bottles in addition to clay jugs. In the antiquity were mainly in Greece and Rome amphorae made of clay, which was coated with resin on the inside. With the Romans, the cork used. Bronze vessels were also used in antiquity; in 1952 a 1.64 meter high bronze kettle was found in the grave of a Burgundian princess, which was used for a wine transport from Greece. Different vessels for storage or drinking vessels were among others kantharos. crater and oinochoe,

Wine vessels - amphora, crater (crater), oinochoe, kantharos

In ancient Greece hardly any wooden barrels were known for storing or transporting wine, but the historian Herodotus 482-425 BC Chr.) Reports of such from palm wood in the city Babylon, It is considered fairly certain that the Celts as early as 600 BC Used wooden barrels for transport on a large scale and the Greeks and Romans then adopted this artistry. Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) only learned wooden barrels on his Gaul campaign around 50 BC. BC and the Roman author Pliny the Elder (AD 23-79) she described as a vessel unknown to his Roman contemporaries. It was around this time that the Romans began to use wooden storage containers, mainly made of fir wood.

In the city Pompeii, which was destroyed in 79 AD by the eruption of Vesuvius, remains were found Similarly barrel Wooden containers. Wooden barrels were probably also used extensively for ship transportation from the middle of the third century. From this point on, archaeological finds relating to wine dispatch in the form of clay vessels such as amphorae or at least ceramic fragments in shipwrecks became increasingly rare. Probably oldest wine bottle the world with content is exhibited in the Historical Museum of the Palatinate in Speyer. It dates from the 4th century AD. Until the beginning of the 17th century, however, wine was kept almost entirely in wooden barrels, which, in addition to poor hygiene, could lead to subsequent fermentation or spoilage after each opening. Then by using bottles made of glass and cork achieved an enormous improvement in quality. Wine was now much more durable, and it also developed in the bottle. Nevertheless, bottle filling was the exception rather than the rule until well into the 20th century.

At the 2009 which came into force EU wine market there were also changes regarding the approved wine containers. Until then allowed quality wines can only be given to the consumer in glass bottles, wooden barrels or sintered ceramic vessels. In order to increase the competitiveness of the EU member states vis-à-vis third countries, especially from overseas, this provision has been deleted without replacement. Quality wine can therefore now be used in a wide variety of containers such as unlimited Bag-in-Boxes. KeyKeg or Tetra pack (Carton) can be filled. Above all, as a material for the various containers for winemaking and storage stainless steel. Glass, Wood, concrete Granite ceramics (Earthenware) or plastic.

Wine vessels - barrique, cask, stainless steel tank, wooden mash tank

The containers for the fermentation are mostly made of stainless steel or concrete and can hold up to 30,000 liters; they are essential for temperature-controlled fermentation. Wooden barrels are also used (see under barrel fermentation ). For the expansion Tanks made of stainless steel, ceramic or concrete are common, with one Barrique Barrels out Oak wood are essential (see also under Wood chips ). The intersection of cuvées takes place in particularly large containers up to 1.5 million liters made of stainless steel. The mass is usually transported in stainless steel tanks with a volume of 25,000 liters. Glass containers are only available in sizes up to around 65 liters and are used as an alternative for small wooden barrels. Wine container from the antiquity until now:


Art / use


Volume liters

eighth (Achterl) drinking glass Austria 0,125
Albeisa bottle Piedmont Italy 0.75
Amper vessel Weinviertel (Austria) differently
amphora transport container ancient countries differently
Ampoule glass vessel Penfolds Australia 0.75
Bag-in-Box container many countries differently
carboy container many countries 2 to 50 µm
oak barrels container many countries 225
Basquaise bottle Gascogne France 0.75
Batilla (Batillen) keg Switzerland - Valais -
cups (Mug) drinking vessel Germany, Austria about 0.25 l
bembel Jar for cider Germany, France -
concrete barrel (Betonei) tank containers all countries differently
Boccalino drinking vessel Ticino Switzerland 0.25
bocksbeutel bottle Germany, Greece 0.75
bombona vessel Spain -
bonbonne carboy France 25
Bontemps ladle Bordeaux-France differently
Bordeaux bottle bottle all countries 0.75
Bota de Vino (Bota) Water bladder Spain about 1
vat container all countries differently
bottle (Buttel) bottle Germany differently
Burgundy bottle bottle all countries 0.75
Butte (Lägel, Legel, Logel) Couffins all countries 30 to 40 kg
Caña drinking cup Andalusia-Spain -
Catavino Sherry glass Jerez-Spain -
Champagne bottle Sparkling wine bottle all countries 0.75 and more
Champagne glass drinking glass all countries 0,125
Chantepleure Weinheber France differently
Clavelin bottle Jura France 0.62
Cognacglas drinking glass all countries 0.2 to 0.4
Copita taster Spain -
coupe Sparkling wine glass all countries 0,125
Cuero tube Spain differently
Damajuana vessel Argentina 5
Lady Jeanne carboy France differently
Damigiana carboy Italy 28 or 54
Degustationsglas tasting glass all countries 0.25
demijohn (Lady Jane) carboy many countries 4.5 to 45
depósito (Cubo) container Portugal, Spain differently
doubler bottle Austria 2
Dolium fermenter ancient Rome up to 3,000 and more
Dubbeglas drinking glass Pfalz Germany 0.5
stainless steel (Steel tank) tank containers all countries 50 to 1.5 million
bucket container all countries 12 to 15
barrel expansion all countries differently
barrel dishes container Austria differently
drum types Barrel types / sizes many countries differently
Fiasco carboy Italy differently
bottles bottle sizes many countries 0.02 to 480
Flûte Sparkling wine glass all countries 0,125
Gaillacoise bottle Gaillac-France 0.75
fermenter (Gärständer) Barrels, tanks all countries differently
Garrafão bottle Portugal 5
ribbed Cider glass Hessen-Germany 0.25, 0.3, 0.5
GRP tank Plastic tank many countries differently
Glass container all countries to 65
Grand trough Austria differently
Grappa glass drinking glass many countries 0.2
Wooden barrel - large wooden barrel container all countries differently
Always full tank tank containers all countries differently
kantharos drinking vessel ancient Greece -
carafe vessel all countries differently
Katakuchi Pouring vessel Japan -
Keferloher drinking vessel Germany 0.5 to 2
Kellerkörbl transport vessel Austria differently
ceramics Tank, container all countries differently
KeyKeg container all countries 20, 30
crater (Crater) mixing vessel ancient Greece up to over 1,000
jug Vessel, unit of measure many countries 0.5 to 1.5
Kvevri vessel Georgia up to 3,000 and more
Kylix - see kantharos Trinkschale ancient Greece -
Lambicchi vat Italy -
Mainz rod drinking glass Rheinland-Pfalz 0.4
Masu (Kimasu) Drinking cubes for sake Japan 0.18039
chalice Sacramental wine vessel Christian countries about 0.5
knobs glass (Prunts) Pitcher, glass many countries differently
Ochoko Cup for sake Japan ~ 0.1
oinochoe (Chous, Olpe) Weinkanne ancient Greece 3
Pazeid wooden vessel South-Tirol 6 1/3
Pet bottle bottles many countries 0.5 to 5
pithos transport container ancient Greece up to 3,000 and more
Plutzer (Blutzer) vessel Austria differently
Poirinetta bottle Piedmont 1
cup drinking vessel many countries differently
Porrón (Porro) drinking vessel Spain about 1
Port Wine Glass drinking glass many countries 0.2
Pulcinella bottle Umbria-Italy -
Ready-to-drink filled glass many countries glass size
Rheingau flute bottle Rheingau Germany 0.75
Roman drinking glass Central Europe 0.2 or 0.25
Saxony club bottle Saxony-Germany 0.75
Sakazuki Drinking bowl for sake Japan -
Sapine wooden tub Burgundy France small volume
Schlegel bottle bottle all countries 0.75
schoppen Drinking glass, hollow measure Germany 0.4 and 0.5
Schoßkoa (Gait) wooden trough Austria differently
Sechterl vessel Austria small volume
pennant vat deutschspr. room 100 to 200 hl
Talha vessel Alentejo Portugal -
Tappit hen pot Scotland, England 2.25
Tastevin tasting dish France 0.25
Tetra pack (Tetra Brik) container many countries differently
tinaja vat Spain up to 1,000 and more
Tokkuri Pouring vessel Tokkuri 0.15 to 0.3
Treveris drinking glass Mosel Germany 0.25
tulip Cognac, beer glass all countries differently
Venencia scoops Jerez-Spain 0.75
quarter (Vierterl) drinking glass Austria 0.25
wineskin container southern countries differently
wine glasses drinking glasses all countries differently
Weinheber sampling vessel many countries 0.5 to 1
Weinphiolen glass vessel many countries 60 to 100 ml
Willy Becher drinking glass Germany 0.2 to 0.5
tub container Germany, Austria 150 to 200

See further lists on the topics of "containers" and "volumes" under the keywords barrel. drum types. space measurements. bottles. largest barrel in the world. capacity measures and Records,

Barrels and fermentation tanks: Pixabay

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