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wine vessels

Vessels for the storage of wine and other alcoholic beverages have been available since they were produced. Already the Egyptian they knew that glassmaking and used in addition to clay jugs and glass bottles. In the antiquity were mainly in Greece and Rome amphorae made of clay, which were coated inside with resin. The Romans were as closure already the cork used. But bronze vessels were also used in antiquity; In 1952, in the grave of a Burgundian princess, a 1.64 meter high bronze vessel was found, which was used for a wine transport from Greece. Various containers for storage or drinking vessels were among others kantharos. crater and oinochoe,

Wine vessels - Amphora, crater (Crater), Oinochoe, Kantharos

In ancient Greece, hardly any wooden barrels were known for the storage or transport of wine, but the historian Herodotus 482-425 BC Chr.) Reports of those made of palm wood in the city Babylon, It is considered pretty sure that the Celts already around 600 BC Chr. Have used wooden barrels for transport on a large scale and then the Greeks and Romans took over this artistry. Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) first learned wooden barrels on his Gaul campaign around 50 BC. Know and the Roman author Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) described her as a vessel unknown to his Roman contemporaries. At this time, the Romans began to use wooden storage containers, mainly of fir wood.

In the city Pompeii, which was destroyed in 79 AD by the Vesuvius eruption, one found remnants Similarly barrel Wooden container. From the middle of the third century, wooden barrels were probably also widely used for ship transport. From this point on, archaeological finds concerning wine shipment in the form of pottery vessels such as amphorae or at least pottery shards in shipwrecks became increasingly rare. The likely oldest wine bottle The World with Content is exhibited in the Historical Museum of the Palatinate in Speyer. It dates from the 4th century AD. Until the beginning of the 17th century, however, wine was kept almost entirely in wooden barrels, which, in addition to poor hygiene, could lead to secondary fermentation or spoilage after each opening. Then by using bottles made of glass and cork achieved a tremendous quality improvement. Wine became much more durable, and he continued to develop in the bottle. Nevertheless, the bottling was well into the 20th century rather the exception, because the rule.

The EU wine market regulations, which came into force in 2009, also introduced changes to the authorized wine containers. Until then were allowed quality wines only be delivered to the consumer in glass bottles, wooden barrels or sintered ceramic containers. In order to increase the competitiveness of EU Member States vis-à-vis non-EU countries, particularly from overseas, this provision has been deleted without replacement. Quality wine may therefore now unlimited in various containers such as, for example Bag-in-Boxes. KeyKeg or Tetra pack (Carton) are filled. As a material for the various containers for winemaking and storage will be mainly stainless steel. Glass, Wood, concrete, Granite, ceramics (Earthenware) or plastic used.

Wooden barrels and steel tanks

The containers for the fermentation today are mostly made of stainless steel or concrete and can hold up to 30,000 liters; They are essential for temperature controlled fermentation. But also wooden barrels are used (see under barrel fermentation ). For the expansion are tanks of stainless steel, ceramics or concrete in use, being at one Barrique Barrels out Oak wood are essential (see also under Wood chips ). The blending of cuvées takes place in particularly large containers up to 1.5 million liters of stainless steel. The mass transport usually takes place in stainless steel tanks with a volume of 25,000 liters. Glass containers are only available in a size up to about 65 liters, they are used as an alternative for small wooden barrels. Wine container from antiquity until now:

designation

Art / use

use

Volume liters

eighth (Achterl) drinking glass Austria 0,125
Albeisa bottle Piedmont Italy 0.75
amphora transport container ancient lands differently
Ampoule (ampoule) glass vessel Penfolds Australia 0.75
Bag-in-Box container many countries differently
carboy container many countries 2 to 50 um
oak barrels container many countries 225
Basquaise bottle Gascogne France 0.75
Batilla (Batillen) keg Switzerland - Valais -
cup (Mug) drinking vessel Germany, Austria about 0.25 l
bembel Vessel for cider Germany, France -
concrete barrel (Betonei) tank containers all countries differently
Boccalino drinking vessel Ticino Switzerland 0.25
bocksbeutel bottle Germany, Greece 0.75
bombona vessel Spain -
bonbonne carboy France 25
Bontemps ladle Bordeaux-France differently
Bordeaux bottle bottle all countries 0.75
Bota de Vino (Bota) Water bladder Spain about 1
vat container all countries differently
bottle (Buttel) bottle Germany differently
Burgundy bottle bottle all countries 0.75
Butte Couffins all countries 30 to 40 kg
Caña drinking cup Andalusia-Spain -
Catavino Sherry glass Jerez-Spain -
Champagne bottle Sparkling wine bottle all countries 0.75 and several times
Champagne glass drinking glass all countries 0,125
Chantepleure Weinheber France differently
Clavelin bottle Jura France 0.62
Cognacglas drinking glass all countries 0.2 to 0.4
Copita taster Spain -
coupe Sparkling wine glass all countries 0,125
Cuero tube Spain differently
Damajuana vessel Argentina 5
Lady Jeanne carboy France differently
Damigiana carboy Italy 28 or 54
Degustationsglas tasting glass all countries 0.25
demijohn (Lady Jane) carboy many countries 4.5 to 45
depósito (Cubo) container Portugal, Spain differently
doubler bottle Austria 2
Dolium fermenter ancient Rome up to 3,000 and more
Dubbeglas drinking glass Pfalz Germany 0.5
stainless steel (Steel tank) tank containers all countries 50 to 1.5 million
bucket container all countries 12 to 15
barrel expansion all countries differently
drum types Barrel types / sizes many countries differently
Fiasco carboy Italy differently
bottles bottle sizes many countries 0.02 to 480
Flûte Sparkling wine glass all countries 0,125
Garrafão bottle Portugal 5
Gärständer fermenter many countries differently
ribbed Cider glass Hessen-Germany 0.25, 0.3, 0.5
GRP tank Plastic tank many countries differently
Glass container all countries to 65
Grappa glass drinking glass many countries 0.2
Wooden barrel big wooden barrel container all countries differently
Always full tank tank containers all countries differently
kantharos drinking vessel ancient Greece -
carafe vessel all countries differently
Keferloher drinking vessel Germany 0.5 to 2
ceramics Tank, container all countries differently
KeyKeg container all countries 20, 30
crater (Crater) mixing vessel ancient Greece to over 1,000
jug Tube, unit of measurement many countries 0.5 to 1.5
Kvevri vessel Georgia up to 3,000 and more
Kylix - see kantharos Trinkschale ancient Greece -
Lambicchi vat Italy -
Mainzer pole drinking glass Rheinland-Pfalz 0.4
chalice Sacramental wine vessel Christian countries about 0.5
knobs glass (Prunts) Pitcher, glass many countries differently
oinochoe (Chous, Olpe) Weinkanne ancient Greece 3
Pazeid wooden vessel South-Tirol 6 1/3
Pet bottle bottles many countries 0.5 to 5
pithos transport container ancient Greece up to 3,000 and more
Plutzer (Blutzer) vessel Austria differently
Poirinetta bottle Piedmont 1
cup drinking vessel many countries differently
Porrón (Porro) drinking vessel Spain about 1
Port Wine Glass drinking glass many countries 0.2
Pulcinella bottle Umbria-Italy -
Ready-to-drink filled glass many countries glass size
Rheingau flute bottle Rheingau Germany 0.75
Roman drinking glass Central Europe 0.2 or 0.25
Roman wine Speyer wine bottle please refer oldest wines 1.75
Saxony club bottle Saxony-Germany 0.75
Sapine wooden tub Burgundy France low volume
Schlegel bottle bottle all countries 0.75
schoppen Drinking glass, hollow measure Germany 0.4 and 0.5
pennant vat deutschspr. room 100 to 200 hl
Talha vessel Alentejo Portugal -
Tappit hen pot Scotland, England 2.25
Tastevin tasting dish France 0.25
Tetra pack (Tetra Brik) container many countries differently
tinaja vat Spain up to 1,000 and more
Treveris drinking glass Mosel Germany 0.25
tulip Cognac, beer glass all countries differently
Venencia scoops Jerez-Spain 0.75
quarter (Vierterl) drinking glass Austria 0.25
wineskin container southern countries differently
wine glasses drinking glasses all countries differently
Weinheber sampling vessel many countries 0.5 to 1
Weinphiolen glass vessel many countries 60 to 100 ml
Willy Becher drinking glass Germany 0.2 to 0.5
tub container Germany, Austria 150 to 200

See further listings on the subjects "containers" and "volumes" under the keywords barrel. drum types. space measurements. bottles. largest barrel in the world. capacity measures and Records,

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