The German term winemaker is derived from the Latin "Vinitor" (from Vinum = wine) and means "Weinleser" (wine grape reader). This suggests that previously only the activity of growing grapes could be understood. Today, in German-speaking countries, this is not a clear job title, but rather a general, colloquial collective name for the group of winegrowers, regardless of the scope of activity, from pure grape suppliers to wine producers (cellar masters). As a rule, however, only one wine production company is considered winery designated.
Other professional titles include tusks, winemakers and wine growers ( Germany. Austria. Switzerland ), Hackers or hackers ( to bathe and Wuerttemberg ), Weingärtner or Wengerter (Württemberg), Criador ( Spain ), Vignaiolo ( Italy, only grape producers), Coltivatore ( Italy, Winegrowers and wine producers), Winegrower (English speaking area) as well as Vigneron or Viticulteur ( France ). In the Austrian Styria there used to be a difference between winegrowers and winegrowers. While the winegrower managed his own property, the winegrower was a (now extinct) profession. This means that the winegrowers worked on behalf of the owner (church, private) and received money or a partial return of the agricultural land they worked on in return. Another form used to be half-lease or partial lease ( Métayage ).
There are about 2,500 vineyards from all five continents in the wine Glossary Operating descriptions. These are among those concerned wine-producing countries and / or their regions / areas. More information about wineries can be found under the keywords largest wine companies in the world (Producers, trading houses, institutions) and Wine production volumes (Countries with quantities and vineyards).
The different professions and functions in viticulture are under viticulture training and Customs in viticulture to find. All tools, work and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found at Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,