The German name Winzer is derived from the Latin word "Vinitor" (from Vinum = wine) and means analogously "Weinleser" (grape reader). This suggests that formerly only the activity of grape cultivation was understood. Today, this is not a clear job description in German-speaking countries, but rather a general, colloquial collective term for the group of winegrowers, regardless of the scope of the activity, from the pure grape supplier to the wine producer (cellar master). As a rule, however, only one wine production company is considered winery designated.
Further job titles are Hauer, Weinhauer and Weinbauer ( Germany. Austria. Switzerland ), Hackers or hackers ( to bathe and Wuerttemberg ), Weingärtner or Wengerter (Württemberg), Criador ( Spain ), Vignaiolo ( Italy, only grape growers), Coltivatore ( Italy, Winemakers and wine producers), Winegrower (English-speaking area) and Vigneron or Viticulteur ( France ). In the Austrian Styria There used to be a difference between winemaker and winemaker. While the winemaker managed own property, the winemaker was a (now extinct) profession. That is, the winegrowers worked on behalf of the owner (church, private) and received in return money or a partial yield of the agricultural land they worked. Another form used to be the half-rent or partial lease ( Métayage ).
There are around 2,500 winegrowing businesses on all five continents wine Glossary Operating descriptions. These are among the ones in question wine-producing countries and / or their regions / areas. More information about wineries can be found under the keywords largest wine companies in the world (Producers, trading houses, institutions) and Wine production volumes (Countries with quantities and vineyards).
The various professions and functions in viticulture are under viticulture training and Customs in viticulture to find. All aids, works and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle one finds below Weingarten Care, Complete listings of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,