In Austria common name for two country-specific institutions related to wine. First, this is the young wine of the current (current) year. To Martini, the feast day and name day of the saint Martin, the 11th of November, the wine is baptized and thus becomes a wine tavern. The until then wine tavern becomes the "old man" in the episode. Up to this day one may not use the old custom when enjoying toast Use "Cheers". The name "Heuriger" is exclusively reserved for Austria within the European Union and regulated by wine law. As a wine tavern allowed Vins and quality wines when they are made from grapes harvested exclusively in Austria. They may be delivered to retailers no later than 31 December of the year following the harvest and to the consumer by 31 March of the following year. At the label indicate the vintage.
Secondly, Heuriger is also the name for a typical wine bar, in which homemade wine, just the wine of the vineyard, is served. Wine taverns are not open all year. To display the tap, a green "bush" of twigs (brushwood) is placed over the front door. This is also referred to as "unplugging" or the fact of opening as "isted out". The usual names in Germany Buschenschank or broom farming have the same meaning. Formerly, the young wine was called "Henglwein". This is derived from the rod attached to the wall of the house (the "Hengl"), to which the bush was attached (hung). Even today, family names testify with "Hengl" or similar in Wien and surroundings of the custom (eg the Heurigen restaurant "Bachhengl" in Grinzing ).
The official birth of the wine tavern struck on August 17, 1784 by the following written decree of the Austrian Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790): Notwithstanding several ordinances the landlords are expressly forbidden to their subjects some natural, in whatever for a mass to buy and in order to penetrate, there have nevertheless been various cases which prove the disregard of this Law, and make the renewal of it necessary for the protection of the subjects. We forbid, therefore, all fundamental rights, upon the most severe punishment, to subdue their subordinates, whatever name or pretext, food or drink, to buy, sell, or serve for the account of the authorities, or to compel them, at a price higher than that of the authorities on the other hand, they give everyone the freedom to sell or sell the food, wine and fruit must they produce at all times of the year, how, when and at what price they want.
After the defeat Napoleon Bonaparte At Waterloo, Europe was reorganized at the Congress of Vienna (September 1814 to June 1815). In addition to the official events, there were countless banquets, parties, balls and wine tavern visits, so that for this reason, the negotiations went on only tough and laborious. The well-known saying "the congress dances (but he does not go further)" clarifies this. The rulers of the most important European countries were personally represented and enjoyed themselves privately. It circulated a leaflet in which the always well-fitting Viennese vernacular portrayed the special preferences of the rulers:
The Russian tsar Alexander I (1777-1825) is known to have often and very often visited Viennese heuriger bars (incognito). The wine tavern received the highest honor from Crown Prince Rudolf (1858-1889), who regularly had himself driven by his master fiaker and confidant Josef Bratfisch, who also performed as a wine tavern singer, to the wine taverns in Dornbach and Hernals. The two famous composers Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) and Franz Schubert (1797-1828) were also enthusiastic wine tavern visitors. Most of the Viennese songs were also made at the Heuriger, many of which commemorate wine, women and socializing ("wine, women and song"). Often they are marked by a certain "Tristesse", which is supposedly the nature and the attitude to life of the "typical Viennese" corresponds. So in the sense of the well-known song "Sell mei G'wand, i go to heaven". See also below Customs in viticulture,