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In Austria Common name for two typical institutions related to wine. First of all, this is the young wine of the current (this year) vintage. To Martini, the feast and name day of the saint Martin, November 11th, the wine is christened and thus becomes a Heuriger. The heuriger up to then becomes the "old man". Up to this day, according to old custom, you should not under any circumstances enjoy toast Use "cheers". The term “Heuriger” is reserved exclusively for Austria within the European Union and is regulated by wine law. As Heuriger allowed Vins and quality wines then be designated if they were made from grapes harvested exclusively in Austria. They may be sold to resellers by December 31 of the year following the harvest and to consumers by March 31 of the following year. At the label the vintage must be stated.

Heuriger - two signs

Secondly, Heuriger is also the name for a typical wine bar, in which home-made wine, namely Heurigen wine, is served. Heurige are not open all year round. To indicate the bar, a green "bush" made of twigs (brushwood) is placed over the front gate. This is also referred to as "unplugging" or the fact that the opening is "unplugged". The most common names in Germany Buschenschank or broom management have the same meaning. In the past, the young wine served was also called "Henglwein". This is derived from the pole attached to the house wall (the "hengl") to which the bush was attached (hung). Even today family names testify with "Hengl" or similar in Wien and surroundings from the custom (e.g. the Heurigenlokal "Bachhengl" in Grinzing ).

The Heuriger was officially born on August 17, 1784 by the following written decree from the Austrian Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790): Regardless of several ordinances, the landlords are expressly prohibited from giving their subjects some natural goods, in whatever mass to buy and to impose sales, various cases have nevertheless occurred which prove the disregard of this law and which make it necessary to renew it to protect the subjects. We hereby forbid all basic obligations under severe punishment, their subjects, under whatever name or pretext, food or drink, to buy, sell or serve on the government's account, or to force them to a higher price than the authorities serving and giving everyone the freedom to sell or serve the food, wine and fruit must they produce at any time of the year, how, when and at what price.

After the defeat Napoleon Bonapartes at Waterloo, Europe was reorganized at the Vienna Congress (September 1814 to June 1815). In addition to the official events, there were countless banquets, parties, balls and visits to the wine taverns, so that the negotiations continued only slowly and with difficulty for this reason. The well-known saying "The congress is dancing (but it doesn't go on)" illustrates this. The rulers of the most important European countries were represented personally and also enjoyed themselves privately. A leaflet was circulating in which the popular Viennese vernacular depicted the special preferences of the rulers:

  • Tsar Alexander I of Russia: He loves for everyone
  • King Friedrich-Wilhelm III von Prussia: He thinks for everyone
  • King Frederick VI from Denmark: He speaks for everyone
  • King Josef-Maximilian I of Bavaria: He drinks for everyone
  • King Friedrich I of Württemberg: He eats for everyone
  • Emperor Franz I of Austria: He pays for everyone

The Russian tsar Alexander I (1777-1825) is known to have visited the Viennese wine tavern (incognito) often and very happily. The Heuriger received the highest appreciation from Crown Prince Rudolf (1858-1889), who had his regular fiaker and confidant Josef Bratfisch, who also appeared as a Heuriger singer, regularly drive to the Heurigen in Dornbach and Hernals. The two famous composers Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) and Franz Schubert (1797-1828) were also enthusiastic visitors to the Heurigen. Most Viennese songs were also produced by the wine taverns, many of which put a memorial to wine, women and conviviality (“wine, women and singing”). They are often characterized by a certain "sadness", which supposedly corresponds to the nature and attitude of the "typical Viennese". So in the spirit of the well-known song "Sell mei G'wand, i fahr 'in Himmel". See also under Customs in viticulture,

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