The in South-Tirol Born singer, poet and composer Oswald von Wolkenstein (1377-1445) was a diplomat in the service of the German emperor Sigismund I (1368-1437) and the Meinhardiner dynasty ( Tirol ). All portraits show Oswald with his right eye closed. An examination of the skull from Oswald's grave found in 1973 showed that it was a congenital malformation (smaller eye socket). His life and work can be seen as exemplary for a knight of the late Middle Ages. He spoke ten languages and traveled a large part of the then known world from Europe to Turkey to the Middle East and North Africa.
Oswald donated a chapel in the cathedral to Brixen with a fresco of his shipwreck on the Black Sea. He was able to sit on a barrel Malvasia wine save, as he describes in two of his songs. In his seals is repeated by wine and Weingenuss speech, he rhymed, for example, in 1415 about the wine from Überlingen on Lake Constance: the wine is sweet as a sloe potion, it makes the throat rough and sick, which confuses my bright singing, often after Tramin is my thought.