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23.054 Keywords • 48.240 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.360 Pronunciations • 155.008 Cross-references

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Wonnegau

In addition to Bingen and Nierstein, one of the three areas in the German growing region Rheinhessen; look there.

The production area is located in Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and is named after the region. The name is derived from the historical affiliation existing from 1816 to 1919 as the province Rheinhessen of the Grand Duchy of Hessen. The vineyards cover 26,758 hectares, making it the largest German winegrowing area in terms of area. The vineyards are located on the left bank of the Rhine bend between Bingen, Mainz and Worms in the shape of a huge triangle. Many finds prove an antique vinicultureAntiqueAntique winessuch as a Roman water pipe in Ingelheim. Nierstein ishometo Glöck,Germany's oldest vineyard, which was firstmentioned in a document in 742.EmperorCharlemagne(742-814) had a palatinate (palace complex) there and according to the legend, he discovered its excellent suitability for vineyards on a Rhine journey. He promoted viticulture here byclearingforestsin theRhine plainRhine Wälder forestsRoden and instead had vineyards planted. The Riesling (Rissling) was firstmentionedhere in 1546 by the botanist HieronymusBockBock Hieronymus(1498-1554).

Rheinhessen - Karte

Climate and soil

Due to the hilly character of the landscape, Rheinhessen is also called the "Land of 1,000 Hills". The soils consist mainly of loess, as well as sand, marl, limestone, clay, Rotliegend, brown earth, quartzite and porphyry. Theclimatic Bedingungen für den Weinbau sind optimal. Unter dem Schutz von Odenwald und Taunus gibt es milde Durchschnitts-Temperaturen zwischen 9,4 (Alzey) bis 10,4 °Celsius (Worms). Das niederschlagsarme Gebiet mit warmen Sommern und milden Wintern zählt mit 1.600 Sonnenstunden jährlich zu den wärmsten deutschen Anbaugebieten sowie den trockensten Gebieten Mitteleuropas. Außer im Südwesten beträgt der jährliche Niederschlag durchschnittlich nur 550 Millimeter. Die in weiten Bereichen vorherrschende bis zu 15 Meter tiefe Lössdecke, sowie die Mergel- und Tonböden verhindern jedoch durch einen guten Wasserhaushalt Trockenschäden.

Bereiche, Gemeinden und Lagen

Die Weinberge am Rheinufer werden oft als conditions for viticulture are optimal. Under the protection of Odenwald and Taunus there are mild average temperatures between 9.4 (Alzey) and 10.4 °Celsius (Worms). The low-precipitation area with warm summers and mild winters, with 1,600 hours of sunshine per year, is one of the warmest German wine-growing regions as well as the driest in Central Europe. With the exception of the southwest, the average annual precipitation is only 550 millimetres. However, the loess cover, up to 15 metres deep in large areas, and the marl and clay soils prevent dry damage through a good water balance.

Areas, communities and locations

The vineyards on the banks of the Rhine are oftenreferred to as the Rhine front.Of the 136 municipalities, 120 end in "heim" and only four do not grow wine in their own district. Rheinhessen is divided into three areas, Bingen, Nierstein and Wonnegau, with a total of 24 large vineyards and 434 individual sites. The area of Bingen,named after the town in the northwest, is divided into six major sites: Abtey, Adelberg, Kaiserpfalz, Kurfürstenstück, Rheingrafenstein and Sankt Rochuskapelle. Well-known wine-growing villages with their individual sites are

  • Appenheim: Daubhaus, Drosselborn, donkey trail, Hundertgulden
  • Armsheim: Geiersberg, Gold Pieces, Leckerberg
  • Aspisheim: Johannisberg, Sonnenberg
  • Badenheim: gallows mountain, Roman mountain
  • Bermersheim before the height: Hildegardisberg, Klosterberg
  • Biebelsheim: honey mountain, pebble mountain
  • Bingen: Bubenstück, Honigberg, Kapellenberg, Kirchberg, Klosterweg, Mainzerweg, Osterberg, Palmenstein, Pfarrgarten,RosengartenRosengarten (Germany),ScharlachbergScharlachberg (Germany), Schelmenstück, Schloßberg-Schwätzerchen, Schwarzenberg
  • Bornheim: chicken, hut terraces, church piece, Schönberg
  • Bubenheim: Honey Mountain, Kallenberg
  • Büdesheim: Bubenstück, Osterberg,Scharlachberg (single location Germany), Schloßberg-Schwätzerchen, Schwarzenberg
  • Dromersheim: Honigberg, Klosterweg, Mainzerweg - siehe auch unter , Schloßberg-Schwätzerchen, Schwarzenberg
  • Dromersheim: Honigberg, Klosterweg, Mainzerweg - see also under ice wine
  • Eckelsheim: donkey driver, Kirchberg, Sonnenköpfchen
  • Ensheim: Kachelberg
  • Flonheim: Binger Berg (parcels Kisselberg, Muhlenpfad, Ringelberg), Geisterberg, Klostergarten, La Roche, Pfaffenberg, Rotepfad
  • Frei-Laubersheim: Old Roman road, rock, Kirchberg, Reichskeller, Rheingrafenberg
  • Fürfeld: Eichelberg, Kapellenberg, Steige
  • Gau-Algesheim: Goldberg, Johannisberg, Rothenberg, St. Laurence Chapel, Steinert
  • Gene singing: Mountains of Gold
  • Groß-Winternheim: Bockstein, Heilighäuschen, Schlossberg, Klosterbruder
  • Heidesheim: Geißberg, Höllenberg, Steinacker
  • Horrorweiler: Spice garden, Goldberg
  • Ingelheim: Bockstein, BurgbergBurgberg (single location Germany), Heilighäuschen, Höllenweg,Horn, Kirchenstück, Klosterbruder, Lottenstück,Pares, Rabenkopf, Rheinhöhe, Rotes Kreuz, Schlossberg,Schloss Westerhaus,Sonnenberg,Sonnenhang, Steinacker, Täuscherspfad
  • Youth home: Goldberg, Hasensprung, Heiligenhäuschen, Sankt Georgenberg
  • Neu-Bamberg: Eichelberg, Heerkretz, Kirschwingert, climbing mountain
  • Nieder-Hilbersheim: Honey Mountain, Steinacker
  • Ockenheim: Hockenmühle, Klosterweg, cross, Laberstall, St. Jakobsberg, Schönhölle
  • Pleitersheim: Sternberg
  • St. John: Geyersberg, monastery garden, Steinberg
  • Schwabenheim: monastery garden, Schlossberg, Sonnenberg
  • Siefersheim: Golden Horn, Heerkretz,Höllberg, Martinsberg
  • Explosives: Hell, honey mountain, monastery garden, sun mountain, Wißberg
  • Uffhofen: La Roche, Pfaffenberg
  • Vendersheim: Sonnenberg
  • Wendelsheim: Heiligenpfad, Steigerberg
  • Wolfsheim: Götzenborn, Osterberg, Sankt Kathrin
  • Wörrstadt: Kachelberg, Rheingrafenberg
  • Zotzenheim: Johannisberg, monastery garden

Gemeinden Gau-Algesheim (Goldberg, St. Laurenzikapelle) und Appenheim (Hundertgulden)

The Niersteinarea in the northeast reaches as far as the Roman city of Mainz,which was founded as early as 38 BC.The centre is the so-calledRhine frontfrom Nackenheim to Schwabsburg. Here, on the famousRoter HangRoter Hang,the most impressive and best steep slopes of Rheinhessen with the red slate soils (Rotliegend) that give the area its name. The Nierstein area is divided into 11 major sites: Auflangen, Domherr, Gutes Domtal, Güldenmorgen, Krötenbrunnen, Petersberg, Rehbach, Rheinblick, Sankt Alban, Spiegelberg and Vogelsgärten. Well-known wine-growing villages with their individual sites are:

  • Albig: Homberg, Hundskopf, Hammerstein Castle
  • Alsheim: fishing trail,early mass, Goldberg, Römerberg, Sonnenberg
  • Bechtolsheim: Homberg, Klosterberg, Sonnenberg, Wingertstor
  • Biebelnheim: Pilgrim's stone, Rosenberg
  • Bodenheim: Burgweg,Ebersberg,Heitersbrünnchen,Hoch, chapel, Kreuzberg, Leidhecke, monk's path, Reichsritterstift,SilberbergSilberberg (single location Germany), Westrum
  • Dalheim: Altdörr, Kranzberg, Steinberg
  • Dexheim: Doctor
  • Dienheim: Falkenberg, cave, cross, Paterhof, castle, Silius fountain,table stone
  • Dolgesheim: Kreuzberg, Schützenhütte
  • Dorn-Dürkheim: Hasensprung, Römerberg
  • Ebersheim: Hüttberg, sand, wine cellar
  • Eimsheim: Hexelberg, Römerschanze, Sonnenhang
  • Elsheim: flower, boulder, little temple
  • Essenheim: Römerberg, devil's path
  • Framersheim: Hornberg, Way of the Cross, Zechberg
  • Friesenheim: Altdörr, mountain path, Knopf
  • Gau-Bischofsheim: Glockenberg, Herrnberg,KellersbergKellersberg (single location Germany),Pfaffenweg
  • Gau-Odernheim: Fuchsloch, Herrgottspfad, Ölberg, Vogelsang
  • Gimbsheim: Frauenthal, Sonnenweg
  • Guntersblum: Authental, Bornpfad, Iron Hand,Himmelthal, Chapel of the Cross, St. Julian's Fountain, Sonnenberg, Sonnenhang, Steig-Terrassen, Steinberg
  • Hahnheim: Button, Moosberg
  • Harxheim: Börnchen, Lieth, Schlossberg
  • Laubenheim: Edelmann, Johannisberg, Klosterberg
  • Lörzweiler: Hohberg, Königstuhl, Ölgild
  • Ludwigshöhe: Honey Mountain, Devil's Head
  • Mainz: Edelmann, Hüttberg, Johannisberg, Kirchenstück, Klosterberg, Sand
  • Mettenheim: Goldberg, Michelsberg, Schlossberg
  • Mommenheim: Kloppenberg, Osterberg,...

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