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23.054 Keywords • 48.232 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.360 Pronunciations • 155.042 Cross-references

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wood alcohol

wood spirit (GB)
Synonym (also wood alcohol) for methanol (Methyl alcohol); look there.

This one-valued alcohol (also carbinol, methyl alcohol, wood alcohol, wood spirit) is a colorless, burning-tasting liquid with a distinctive, sweet smell. Although he is very different from ethanol (Drinking alcohol) differs, it can be overlaid with others flavorings barely recognizable in taste in alcoholic beverages. Even the ancient Egyptians made methanol from wood by pyrolysis (splitting of organic compounds by high temperatures from 200 ° C) and embalmed their dead with a mixture of substances. It received the name “methylene” in 1834 from the French chemists Jean-Baptiste Dumas and Eugène-Melchior Péligot, it is composed of “méthy” for wine and “hylé” for wood. Methanol itself is of low toxicity, but its metabolites, especially formaldehyde, are toxic.

Even the smallest amounts of 0.1 g methanol per kg body weight are hazardous to health, from 5 times the amount of life-threatening. From there it comes to cramps, vomiting, difficulty breathing, blindness and, in extreme cases, death. Natural levels are included White wine between 17 and 100 mg / l and at red wine about twice as high between 60 and 230 mg / l....

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