UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization), based in Paris, was founded in London in 1945 as a specialized agency of the UN (almost 200 countries). It awards the title of World Heritage (World Heritage and Natural Heritage) to sites that are of global importance due to their uniqueness, authenticity and integrity and are proposed by the countries in which they are located. The title is based on the World Heritage Convention ratified in 1972 by 190 countries and came into force in 1975. As of mid-2016, the UNESCO World Heritage List included 1,052 monuments in 165 countries. Of these, 814 are listed as cultural monuments and 203 as natural monuments, a further 35 monuments are listed as both cultural and natural heritage.
By signing the convention, each country is committed to protecting and preserving monuments of exceptional global importance. In addition to the honorable recognition, the respective national authorities are obliged to do their utmost to preserve these “world cultural assets”. Otherwise the entry can also be deleted. The following viticulture areas are in the whole or at least partially defined area of classified World Heritage landscape areas: