The white grape comes from Spain, Synonyms are Cartoixà, Cartuxa, Pansa Blanca, Pansal, Premsal Blanca, Xarell-Lo, Xarel-Lo, Xarel • Lo (a special feature is the special only in Spain "point"), Xarello Blanco, Xarelo, Xarelo Blanco and Xerello. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Cayetana Blanca. Macabeo or Prensal be confused. Supposedly, the name derives from the Italian "chiarello", which clairet (French name for a light red wine type) means. Under the name Xerello she was already in 1785 in the probable place of origin Penedès mentioned. According to done in 2013 DNA analysis she is from a supposedly natural crossroads To lift x Brustiano faux emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). There is also the color mutation Xarello rosada (Pansa rosada ) with reddish berries.
The early to mid-season, high-yielding vine is prone to both the true and the false mildew such as Verrieseln, but resistant to Botrytis, It produces aromatic, acidic and full-bodied white wines with aromas of pears and lemons and sometimes vegetal Note, as well as storage potential. One study found an unusually high proportion of the health-positive antioxidant resveratrol, The variety is in Catalonia especially in the DO area Penedès cultivated where it is used for still wines as well as alongside Macabeo and Parellada one of the three standard varieties for the Cava is. In the DO area Alella It is also widely used as Pansa Blanca. In 2010, the variety harvested a total of 8,393 hectares of vineyards in Spain, with a downward trend (ten years earlier, it was 10,288 hectares) varieties ranking the rank 80.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)