The white grape variety comes from Spain, Synonyms are Cartoixà, Cartuxa, Pansa Blanca, Pansal, Premsal Blanca, Xarell-Lo, Xarel-Lo, Xarel • Lo (a specialty is the special "point" only used in Spain), Xarello Blanco, Xarelo, Xarelo Blanco and Xerello. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Cayetana Blanca. Macabeo or Prensal be confused. The name supposedly derives from the Italian "chiarello", what clairet (French name for a light red wine type) means. Under the name Xerello it was in the probable place of origin as early as 1785 Penedès mentioned. According to in 2013 DNA analysis is from a presumably natural cross To lift x Brustiano faux emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). There is also the color mutation Xarello Rosada (Pansa Rosada) with reddish berries.
The early to medium ripening, productive vine is susceptible to the real and the wrong mildew such as Verrieseln but resistant to Botrytis, It produces aromatic, acidic and full-bodied white wines with aromas of pears and lemons and sometimes vegetal Note, as well as storage potential. A study found an unusually high proportion of the health-positive antioxidant resveratrol, The variety is in Catalonia especially in the DO area Penedès cultivated where it is used for still wines and alongside Macabeo and Parellada one of the three standard varieties for the Cava is. In the DO area Alella it is also very common as Pansa Blanca. The variety occupied a total of 8,393 hectares of vineyards in Spain in 2010, with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 10,288 hectares) varieties ranking rank 80.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)